United States Farm Bills

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Farm Bills

2018 Farm Bill – Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018
2014 Farm Bill – Agricultural Act of 2014
2008 Farm Bill – Food, Conservation, and Energy Act
2002 Farm Bill – Farm Security and Rural Investment Act
1996 Farm Bill– Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act
1990 Farm Bill – Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act
1985 Farm Bill – Food Security Act
1981 Farm Bill – Agriculture and Food Act
1977 Farm Bill – Food and Agriculture Act
1973 Farm Bill – Agricultural and Consumer Protection Act [As Amended Through P.L. 115–334, Enacted December 20, 2018]
1970 Farm Bill – Agricultural Act of 1970
1965 Farm Bill – Food and Agricultural Act of 1965
1956 Farm Bill – Agriculture Act of 1956
1954 Farm Bill – Agricultural Act of 1954
1949 Farm Bill – Agricultural Act of 1949
1948 Farm Bill – Agricultural Act of 1948
1938 Farm Bill – Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938
1933 Farm Bill – Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 [As Amended Through P.L. 74-320, Titled The Agricultural Adjustment Act Amendment of 1935, Enacted August 24, 1935]

Additional Historical Farm Legislation

Food for Peace Act of 2008
Amendments to the National Wool Act of 1993
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1989
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987
Food Security Improvements Act of 1986
Technical Corrections to Food Security Act of 1985 Amendments
Agricultural Programs Adjustment Act of 1984
Dairy and Tobacco Adjustment Act of 1983
Extra-Long Staple Cotton Act of 1983
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1982
Food for Peace Act of 1966
Agricultural Act of 1964
Food Stamp Act of 1964
Food and Agricultural Act of 1962
Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954
Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act of 1948
Steagall Amendment of 1941 (Steagall Commodity Credit Act)
Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act of 1936
Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act of 1935 (Soil Erosion Act)

GENERAL RESOURCES

Farm Economy, Agricultural Baseline Readings (ERS)
Farm Bill Posts (Ag & Food Law Blog)
ERS Farm Bill – Related Research
Farm Bills: Major Legislative Actions, 1965-2018 (CRS report)
Analysis of Previous Farm Bills (ERS)
Farm & Commodity Policy: An Overview (ERS)

Congressional Research Service Report Subjects:

Commodities and Programs
Disaster Impact and Assistance
Energy
Environmental – conservation
Farm Bills/Economic Stimulus
Finance and Credit
Food Safety
Food Security and Aid
Forestry
International Agriculture
Rural Development
Sustainable and Organic Farming
Farm Bills
Commodities and Programs

FARM BILL LEGISLATION

The 2018 Farm Bill: Agricultural Act of 2018

TextPDF

Congressional Resources:

House Passed Farm Bill (6/21/18)
Senate Passed Farm Bill (6/28/18)
Farm Bill conference Report (12/10/18)
U.S. Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry
U.S. House Committee on Agriculture
Farm Bill Amendments (U.S. Senate Committee)
Congressional Budget Office Estimate
House and Senate Conference Report Summary
House and Senate Conference Report: Dairy Detailed Summary
Joint Explanatory Statement of the Committee of the Conference (12/10/18)
2018 Farm Bill Conference Report Top Ten Highlights
Congressional Research Service 2018 Farm Bill Reports
2018 Farm Bill Primer: Agricultural Research Extension (CRS)
The 2018 Farm Bill (Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018, P.L. 115-334) (CRS)

USDA Resources:

USDA Farm Service Agency: 2018 Farm Bill
USDA National Resources Conservation Service: 2018 Farm Bill
USDA Farmers.gov: 2018 Farm Bill
USDA Farm Bill Rules
USDA Economic Research Service Farm Bill-Related Research
USDA ERS Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018: Highlights and Implications
USDA Farm Service Agency: 2014 Farm Bill vs. 2018 Farm Bill Fact Sheet
The Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018: Highlights and Implications (ERS)

Additional Resources:

Impact on Hemp (Analysis by General Counsel of US Hemp Roundtable)
Analysis of the Final Farm Bill Conference Report Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (Food Research & Action Center)
Making Your 2018 Farm Bill Decisions in 2020 (Purdue University)
Farm Bill Resources In-Depth (American Farm Bureau Federation)
Policy Aspects of the 2018 Farm Bill (Louisiana State Univ. College of Agriculture)
Congressional Budget Office Updates Farm Bill Math (Farm Bureau)
Taking A Look at the 2018 Farm Bill a Year Later (Ohio Ag. Net)
Environmental Sustainability in the 2018 Farm Bill (National Farmers Union)
Conferencing Conservation: Reviewing Title II of the House and Senate Farm Bills (FarmDoc Daily)
Policy Priorities for the 2018 Farm Bill (Association of Fish and Wildlife)
The Farm Bill, Hemp Legalization and the Status of CBD: An Explainer (Brookings Institute, 12/14/18)
U.S. 2018 Farm Bill Overview (World Trade Organization, Feb 2019)
The 2018 Farm Bill (National Association of State Departments of Agriculture)
2018 Farm Bill Guides (University of MD Extension)
State Farm Bill Infographics (National Association of State Departments of Agriculture)

Side-by-Sides:

House and Senate Side-By-Side Farm Bill Provisions (Farm Bureau, 2018)
The 2018 Farm Bill (P.L. 115-334): Summary and Side-by-Side (CRS 2019)

The 2014 Farm Bill: Agricultural Act of 2014

Text / PDF

Congressional Resources

Agricultural Act of 2014 Conference Committee Report (1/27/2014)
U.S. Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry
Farm Bill Resources
U.S. House Committee on Agriculture
Congressional Research Service 2014 Farm Bill Reports
Congressional Budget Office Estimate
The 2014 Farm Bill (P.L. 113-79): Summary and Side-by-Side (CRS)
The 2014 Farm Bill (Agricultural Act of 2014, P.L. 113-79 (CRS In Focus Summary)

USDA Resources

USDA Main Farm Bill Page
2014 Farm Bill Highlights
NRCS Comparison of 2008 and 2014 Farm Bills
What’s in the 2014 Farm Bill for Farm Service Agency Customers? (FSA Factsheet)
2014 Farm Bill Programs (NRCS)

Additional Resources

USDA Rural Development: Highlights of the Agriculture Act of 2014
Topic Area Highlights and Economic Implications (ERS)
2014 Farm Bill Publications (FarmDoc Daily)
Commodity Program Options in the 2014 Farm Bill (University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture)
Now That It’s 2016, Let’s Compare 2014 Farm Bill Programs to the 2008 Farm Bill (FarmDoc Daily, 7/8/2016)
2013-14 Farm Bill Reading Room (Farm Foundation)
Summary of the 2014 Farm Bill Nutrition Title (Center on Budget and Policy Priorities)
Grassroots Guide to Federal Farm & Food Programs (National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition)
Farm Bill Resources Background Papers on Various Farm Bill Topics
2014 Farm Bill (Forest Service)
Farm Bill 2014 (KSU)
2014 Farm Bill Information (LSU Ag Center)
2014 Farm Bill Field Guide to Fish and Wildlife Conservation (Association of Fish and Wildlife)
2014 Farm Bill (U of MD Extension)
2014 Farm Bill: Video (AL Extension)
Extension Agricultural Economics (Texas A&M Agri Life Extension)

The 2008 Farm Bill: Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (H.R. 6124)

Text / PDF
Legislative History

Research Articles

Animal Identification and the Next Farm Bill (O’Brien)
World Trade Organization and the Commodity Title of the Next Farm Bill: A Practitioner’s View (O’Brien)

Congressional Resources

U.S. Senate Committee on Agriculture
2008 Farm Bill
U.S. House Committee on Agriculture
Congressional Research Service 2008 Farm Bill Reports
Expiration and Extension of the 2008 Farm Bill (CRS, 2013)
The 2008 Farm Bill Side-By-Side Comparison (Economic Research Service – ERS)

USDA Resources

Farm Bill Analysis Papers
USDA Farm Bill Forums

Additional Resources:

Food Stamp Provisions of the Final 2008 Farm Bill (Rosenbaum, 2008)
The 2008 Farm Bill (Vermont Journal of Environmental Law)
(Bio)fueling Farm Policy: The Biofuels Boom and the 2008 Farm Bill (Lehrer, 2009)
University of Nebraska-Lincoln: Overview of the 2008 Farm Bill (Lubben, 2008)
Cultivating the Next Generation: An Evaluation of the Beginning Farmer & Rancher Development Program (National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition, 2017)

The 2002 Farm Bill: The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002

Glossary
Text
Legislative History

Resource Links

The 2002 Farm Bill Provisions and Implications (ERS)
The 2002 Farm Bill: Provisions and Economic Implications (ERS, 2008)
Senate Agriculture Committee Farm Bill Page
Center for Rural Affairs
Agricultural Electronic Bulletin Board(U. MO)
Summary and Evolution of U. S. Farm Bill Conservation Titles(O’Brien)
Summary and Evolution of U. S. Farm Bill Commodity Titles(Willis & O’Brien)
The 2002 Farm Bill: Comparison of Commodity Support Provisions with the House and Senate Proposals, and Prior Law (Womach)

The 1996 Farm Bill: The Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996

Glossary
Text / PDF
Legislative History

Committee Report
Conference Report

Resource Links

The 1996 Farm Bill Agricultural Outlook (ERS)
Agricultural Outlook Supplement (ERS)
The 1996 Farm Act Increases Market Orientation (ERS)
The Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996: An Overview (CRS)

Earlier Farm Bills and Farm Legislation

The digitization of these earlier Farm Bills and historical farm legislation was performed by the National Agricultural Law Center under two cooperative agreements with the National Agricultural Library.  Due to the poor quality of many of the original texts from which these digitizations were made, it is recommended that the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader be used.  Click here for a free download.

Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5
Part 6
Part 7
Part 8
Part 9
Part 10
Part 11

Glossary

Legislative History

Conference Report to Accompany Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 –

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5
Part 6
Part 7
Part 8
Part 9
Part 10
Part 11
Part 12
Part 13
Part 14

Food Security Act of 1985

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4

Glossary
Legislative History

Conference Report to Accompany Food Security Act of 1985 –

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5
Part 6

Agriculture and Food Act of 1981

Part 1
Part 2
Glossary
Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Agriculture and Food Act of 1981 –

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3

Food and Agriculture Act of 1977

Part 1
Part 2
Glossary
Legislative History

Conference Report to Accompany Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 –

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5
Part 6

Agricultural and Consumer Protection Act of 1973

Full Text
Glossary
Legislative History

Conference Report to Accompany Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973

Agricultural Act of 1970

Full Text
Glossary

Legislative History

Conference Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1970

Food and Agricultural Act of 1965

Full Text
Glossary

Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Food and Agricultural Act of 1965

Agricultural Act of 1956

Full Text
Glossary

Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1956

Senate Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1956

Senate Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1956

Agricultural Act of 1954

Full Text
Glossary

Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1954

Senate Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1954

Agricultural Act of 1949

Full Text
Glossary

Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1949

Agricultural Act of 1948

Full Text
Glossary

Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1948

House Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1948

Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938

Full Text
Glossary

Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1938

Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933

Full Text
Glossary

Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1933
Senate Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1933
Senate Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1933
House Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1933

Additional Historical Farm Legislation

Food for Peace Act of 2008

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History

Amendments to the National Wool Act

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History

Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 (selected provisions)

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History

Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 (selected provisions)

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History

Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1989(selected provisions)

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History

Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987(selected provisions)

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History

Food Security Improvements Act of 1986

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History

Technical Corrections to Food Security Act of 1985 Amendments

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History

Agricultural Programs Adjustment Act of 1984

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History

Dairy and Tobacco Adjustment Act of 1983

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History

Extra-Long Staple Cotton Act of 1983

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History

Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1982 (selected provisions)

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History

Food for Peace Act of 1966

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History

Agricultural Act of 1964

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History

Food Stamp Act of 1964

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History

Food and Agricultural Act of 1962

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Food and Agricultural Act of 1962

Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act

Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act of 1948

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act

Steagall Amendment of 1941 (Steagall Commodity Credit Act) of 1941

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Steagall Amendment of 1941

Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act of 1936

Glossary
Full Text

Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act of 1936

Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act of 1935

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:

Senate Report to Accompany Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act
House Report to Accompany Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act