United States Farm Bills

2018 Farm Bill-Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018


GENERAL RESOURCES

Side-by-Side Comparison of House and Senate Farm Bill (American Farm Bureau Federation, 2018)
Ag & Food Law Blog
Congressional Research Service Reports
Farm Bills: Major Legislative Actions, 1965-2018 (CRS report)
Analysis of Previous Farm Bills (ERS)
Farm & Commodity Policy: An Overview (ERS)


FARM BILL LEGISLATION

2018 Farm Bill – Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018
2014 Farm Bill – Agricultural Act of 2014
2008 Farm Bill – Food, Conservation, and Energy Act
2002 Farm Bill – Farm Security and Rural Investment Act
1996 Farm Bill – Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act
1990 Farm Bill – Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act
1985 Farm Bill – Food Security Act
1981 Farm Bill – Agriculture and Food Act
1977 Farm Bill – Food and Agriculture Act
1973 Farm Bill – Agricultural and Consumer Protection Act [As Amended Through P.L. 115–334, Enacted December 20, 2018]
1970 Farm Bill – Agricultural Act of 1970
1965 Farm Bill – Food and Agricultural Act of 1965
1956 Farm Bill – Agriculture Act of 1956
1954 Farm Bill – Agricultural Act of 1954
1949 Farm Bill – Agricultural Act of 1949
1948 Farm Bill – Agricultural Act of 1948
1938 Farm Bill – Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938
1933 Farm Bill – Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933 [As Amended Through P.L. 74-320, Titled The Agricultural Adjustment Act Amendment of 1935, Enacted August 24, 1935]


Additional Historical Farm Legislation

Food for Peace Act of 2008
Amendments to the National Wool Act of 1993
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1989
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987 (Text)
Food Security Improvements Act of 1986 (Text)
Technical Corrections to Food Security Act of 1985 Amendments (Text)
Agricultural Programs Adjustment Act of 1984 (Text)
Dairy and Tobacco Adjustment Act of 1983 (Text)
Extra-Long Staple Cotton Act of 1983 (Text)
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1982 (Text)
Food for Peace Act of 1966
Agricultural Act of 1964 (Text)
Food Stamp Act of 1964
Food and Agricultural Act of 1962 (Text)
Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954
Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act of 1948 (Text)
Steagall Amendment of 1941 (Steagall Commodity Credit Act)
Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act of 1936
Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act of 1935 (Soil Erosion Act)


GENERAL RESOURCES

The Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018: Highlights and Implications (ERS)

Crop Commodity Programs (includes provisions from Title I)
Dairy & Livestock (includes provisions from Titles I and XII)
Conservation (includes provisions from Title II)
Trade (includes provisions from Title III)
Nutrition (includes provisions from Title IV)
Credit (including provisions from Title V)
Rural Development (including provisions from Titles VI and XII)
Research, Extension, and Related Matters (including provisions from Title VII)
Energy (including provisions from Titles IX and VII)
Crop Insurance (including provisions from Title XI)
Specialty Crops (including provisions from Titles I, III, IV, VII, X, XI and XII)
Organic Agriculture (including provisions from Titles I, II, III, V, VII, X, and XI)
Local and Regional Foods (including provisions from Titles I, II, IV, VI, VII, X, and XII)
Beginning, Socially Disadvantaged, and Veteran Farmers and Ranchers (including provisions from Titles I, II, V, VII, XI and XII)
ERS Farm Bill – Related Research

USDA Rural Development: Highlights of the Agriculture Act of 2014

Topic Area Highlights and Economic Implications (ERS)
Crop Commodity Programs (includes provisions from Titles I and XI)
Dairy & Livestock (includes provisions from Titles I and XII)
Conservation (includes provisions from Titles II and XI)
Nutrition (Title IV only)
Rural Development (Title VI only)
Research, Extension, and Related Matters (Title VII only)
Energy (Title IX only)
Crop Insurance (includes provisions from Titles XI and XII)
Specialty Crops (includes provisions from Titles III, IV, VII, and X)
Organic Agriculture (includes provisions from Titles II, VII, X, and XI)
Local and Regional Foods (includes provisions from Titles IV, V, VI, and X)
Beginning Farmers and Ranchers (includes provisions from Titles II, V, VI, VII, XI)
Socially Disadvantaged and Veteran Farmers and Ranchers (includes provisions from Titles II, V, VI, VII, and XII

The 2018 Farm Bill (P.L. 115-334): Summary and Side-by-Side (CRS 2019)
The 2018 Farm Bill (Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018, P.L. 115-334) (CRS in Focus Summary, 2019)
The 2014 Farm Bill (P.L. 113-79): Summary and Side-by-Side (CRS)
The 2014 Farm Bill (Agricultural Act of 2014, P.L. 113-79 (CRS In Focus Summary)
The 2008 Farm Bill Side-By-Side Comparison (Economic Research Service – ERS)
The 2002 Farm Bill Provisions and Implications (ERS)
The 1996 Farm Bill Agricultural Outlook (ERS)
Farm Economy, Agricultural Baseline Readings (ERS)
Farm Bill Posts (Ag & Food Law Blog)


Congressional Research Service Report Subjects:

Commodities and Programs
Disaster Impact and Assistance
Energy
Environmental – conservation
Farm Bills/Economic Stimulus
Finance and Credit
Food Safety
Food Security and Aid
Forestry
International Agriculture
Rural Development
Sustainable and Organic Farming
Farm Bills


FARM BILL LEGISLATION

The 2018 Farm Bill: Agricultural Act of 2018

TextPDF

Congressional Resources:

U.S. Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry
U.S. House Committee on Agriculture
Farm Bill Amendments (U.S. Senate Committee)
Congressional Budget Office Estimate
House and Senate Conference Report Summary
House and Senate Conference Report: Dairy Detailed Summary
2018 Farm Bill Conference Report Top Ten Highlights
Congressional Research Service 2018 Farm Bill Reports
2018 Farm Bill Primer: Agricultural Research Extension (CRS Report, Croft 2018)

USDA Resources:

USDA Farm Service Agency: 2018 Farm Bill
USDA National Resources Conservation Service: 2018 Farm Bill
USDA Farmers.gov: 2018 Farm Bill
USDA Farm Bill Rules
USDA Economic Research Service Farm Bill-Related Research
USDA ERS Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018: Highlights and Implications
USDA Farm Service Agency: 2014 Farm Bill vs. 2018 Farm Bill Fact Sheet

Additional Resources:

Impact on Hemp (Analysis by General Counsel of US Hemp Roundtable)
Analysis of the Final Farm Bill Conference Report Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (Food Research & Action Center)
Making Your 2018 Farm Bill Decisions in 2020 (Purdue University)
Farm Bill Resources In-Depth (American Farm Bureau Federation)
The Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018 (FarmLand Information Center)
Policy Aspects of the 2018 Farm Bill (Louisiana State Univ. College of Agriculture)
Congressional Budget Office Updates Farm Bill Math (Farm Bureau)
Taking A Look at the 2018 Farm Bill a Year Later (Ohio Ag. Net)
Environmental Sustainability in the 2018 Farm Bill (National Farmers Union)
Conferencing Conservation: Reviewing Title II of the House and Senate Farm Bills (FarmDoc Daily)House Passed Farm Bill (6/21/18)
Senate Passed Farm Bill (6/28/18)
Farm Bill conference Report (12/10/18)
Joint Explanatory Statement of the Committee of the Conference (12/10/18)
Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies: POLICY PRIORITIES FOR THE 2018 FARM BILL
Policy Priorities for the 2018 Farm Bill (2)
2018 Farm Bill Drilldown: Research and Plant Breeding (National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition, 12/14/18)
The Farm Bill, Hemp Legalization and the Status of CBD: An Explainer (Brookings Institute, 12/14/18)
U.S. 2018 Farm Bill Overview (World Trade Organization, Feb 2019)National Association of State Departments of Agriculture: The 2018 Farm Bill
University of Maryland Extension: 2018 Farm Bill Guides
Mississippi State Extension: Agricultural Economics Blog
Farm Bureau: Farm Bureau Details Farm Bill Priorities 
National Association of State Departments of Agriculture: State Farm Bill Infographics

Side-by-Sides:

Farm Bureau: House and Senate Side-By-Side Farm Bill Provisions (2018)
The 2018 Farm Bill (P.L. 115-334): Summary and Side-by-Side (CRS 2019)

The 2014 Farm Bill: Agricultural Act of 2014

Text / PDF
The Farm Bill: Major Legislative Actions, 1965-2008 (CRS Report, Monke 2018)

Congressional Resources

Agricultural Act of 2014 Conference Committee Report (1/27/2014)
U.S. Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry
Farm Bill Resources
U.S. House Committee on Agriculture
Congressional Research Service 2014 Farm Bill Reports
Congressional Budget Office Estimate

USDA Resources

USDA Main Farm Bill Page
2014 Farm Bill Highlights
NRCS Comparison of 2008 and 2014 Farm Bills
What’s in the 2014 Farm Bill for Farm Service Agency Customers? (FSA Factsheet)

Additional Resources

2014 Farm Bill Publications (FarmDoc Daily)
Commodity Program Options in the 2014 Farm Bill (University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture)
Now That It’s 2016, Let’s Compare 2014 Farm Bill Programs to the 2008 Farm Bill (FarmDoc Daily, 7/8/2016)
2013-14 Farm Bill Reading Room (Farm Foundation)
Summary of the 2014 Farm Bill Nutrition Title (Center on Budget and Policy Priorities)
Grassroots Guide to Federal Farm & Food Programs (National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition)
Farm Bill Resources Background Papers on Various Farm Bill Topics

U.S. Forest Service: 2014 Farm Bill
Kansas State University: Farm Bill 2014
LSU Ag Center: 2014 Farm Bill Information
Association of Fish and Wildlife: 2014 Farm Bill Field Guide to Fish and Wildlife Conservation
Natural Resources Conservation Service – USDA: 2014 Farm Bill Programs
University of Maryland Extension: 2014 Farm Bill
Alabama Cooperative Extension Service: 2014 Farm Bill: Video
Texas A&M Agri Life Extension: Extension Agricultural Economics

The 2008 Farm Bill: Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (H.R. 6124)

Text / PDF
Legislative History

Research Articles

Animal Identification and the Next Farm Bill (O’Brien)
World Trade Organization and the Commodity Title of the Next Farm Bill: A Practitioner’s View (O’Brien)

Congressional Resources

U.S. Senate Committee on Agriculture
2008 Farm Bill
U.S. House Committee on Agriculture
Congressional Research Service 2008 Farm Bill Reports
Expiration and Extension of the 2008 Farm Bill (CRS, 2013)

USDA Resources

Farm Bill Analysis Papers
USDA Farm Bill Forums

Additional Resources:

Food Stamp Provisions of the Final 2008 Farm Bill (Rosenbaum, 2008)
The 2008 Farm Bill (Vermont Journal of Environmental Law)
(Bio)fueling Farm Policy: The Biofuels Boom and the 2008 Farm Bill (Lehrer, 2009)
University of Nebraska-Lincoln: Overview of the 2008 Farm Bill (Lubben, 2008)
Cultivating the Next Generation: An Evaluation of the Beginning Farmer & Rancher Development Program (National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition, 2017)

The 2002 Farm Bill: The Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002

Glossary
Text / PDF
Legislative History

Resource Links

The 2002 Farm Bill: Provisions and Economic Implications (ERS, 2008)
Senate Agriculture Committee Farm Bill Page
Center for Rural Affairs
Agricultural Electronic Bulletin Board (U. MO)
Summary and Evolution of U. S. Farm Bill Conservation Titles(O’Brien)
Summary and Evolution of U. S. Farm Bill Commodity Titles (Willis & O’Brien)
The 2002 Farm Bill: Comparison of Commodity Support Provisions with the House and Senate Proposals, and Prior Law (Womach)

The 1996 Farm Bill: The Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996

Glossary
Text / PDF
Legislative History

Resource Links

Agricultural Outlook Supplement (ERS)
The 1996 Farm Act Increases Market Orientation (ERS)
The Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996: An Overview (CRS)

Earlier Farm Bills and Farm Legislation

The digitization of these earlier Farm Bills and historical farm legislation was performed by the National Agricultural Law Center under two cooperative agreements with the National Agricultural Library.  Due to the poor quality of many of the original texts from which these digitizations were made, it is recommended that the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader be used.  Click here for a free download.

Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5
Part 6
Part 7
Part 8
Part 9
Part 10
Part 11

Glossary
Legislative History:
Library of Congress – Thomas

Conference Report to Accompany Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 –

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5
Part 6
Part 7
Part 8
Part 9
Part 10
Part 11
Part 12
Part 13
Part 14

Food Security Act of 1985

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4

Glossary
Legislative History:
Library of Congress – Thomas

Conference Report to Accompany Food Security Act of 1985 –

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5
Part 6

Agriculture and Food Act of 1981

Part 1
Part 2
Glossary
Legislative History:
Library of Congress – Thomas

Conference Report to Accompany Agriculture and Food Act of 1981 –

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3

Food and Agriculture Act of 1977

Part 1
Part 2
Glossary
Legislative History:
Library of Congress – Thomas

Conference Report to Accompany Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 –

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5
Part 6

Agricultural and Consumer Protection Act of 1973

Full Text
Glossary
Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Agriculture and Consumer Protection Act of 1973

Agricultural Act of 1970

Full Text
Glossary
Legislative History

Conference Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1970

Food and Agricultural Act of 1965

Full Text
Glossary
Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Food and Agricultural Act of 1965

Agricultural Act of 1956

Full Text
Glossary
Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1956
Senate Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1956
Senate Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1956

Agricultural Act of 1954

Full Text
Glossary
Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1954
Senate Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1954

Agricultural Act of 1949

Full Text
Glossary
Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1949

Agricultural Act of 1948

Full Text
Glossary
Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1948
House Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1948

Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938

Full Text
Glossary
Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1938

Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933

Full Text
Glossary
Legislative History:

Conference Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1933
Senate Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1933
Senate Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1933
House Report to Accompany Agricultural Act of 1933

Additional Historical Farm Legislation

Amendments to the National Wool Act

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:
Library of Congress – Thomas

Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 (selected provisions)

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:
Library of Congress – Thomas

Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 (selected provisions)

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:
Library of Congress – Thomas 

Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1989(selected provisions)

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:
Library of Congress – Thomas 

Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987(selected provisions)

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:
Library of Congress – Thomas 

Food Security Improvements Act of 1986

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:
Library of Congress – Thomas

Technical Corrections to Food Security Act of 1985 Amendments

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:
Library of Congress – Thomas

Agricultural Programs Adjustment Act of 1984

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:
Library of Congress – Thomas

Dairy and Tobacco Adjustment Act of 1983

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:
Library of Congress – Thomas

Extra-Long Staple Cotton Act of 1983

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:
Library of Congress – Thomas 

Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1982 (selected provisions)

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:
Library of Congress – Thomas

Agricultural Act of 1964

Glossary
Full Text

Food and Agricultural Act of 1962

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:
Conference Report to Accompany Food and Agricultural Act of 1962

Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act of 1948

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:
Conference Report to Accompany Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act

Steagall Amendment of 1941 (Steagall Commodity Credit Act) of 1941

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:
Conference Report to Accompany Steagall Amendment of 1941

Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act of 1936

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:
Conference Report to Accompany Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act of 1936

Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act of 1935

Glossary
Full Text
Legislative History:
Senate Report to Accompany Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act
House Report to Accompany Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act