Packers and Stockyards

packersandstockyardsOverview

The Packers and Stockyards Act of 1921 (“PSA” or “Act”), 7 U.S.C. §§ 181-229, is designed to assure effective competition and integrity in livestock, meat, and poultry markets. It was enacted in response to concerns that the “Big Five” large meat packers- Swift & Company, Armour & Company, Cudahy Packing Company, Wilson & Company, and Morris & Company- had engaged in anti-competitive practices that had a deleterious effect on producers and consumers. Read the full overview.

Note: Recently added resources are posted at the top of the applicable sections.


Major Statutes

Packers and Stockyards Act of 1921, as amended, 7 U.S.C. §§ 181-229


Regulations

Packers and Stockyards Regulations 9 C.F.R. Parts 200-206

Rules of Practice Governing Formal Adjudicatory Proceedings, 7 C.F.R. §§ 1.130-1.151

Federal Register Rules Open for Comment


Case Law

Case Law Index for Packers and Stockyards Act. (Cases for the Supreme Court and Federal Circuit Courts of Appeal begin at September 1921 and lower court decisions at January 1985.)


Administrative Law Decisions

USDA Office of Administrative Law Judges

USDA National Appeals Division

Enforcement Actions (Grain Inspection Packers and Stockyards Administration)

Center published Judicial Officer’s Decisions


Center Research Publications

Outline of GIPSA’s Proposed Rule Changes – Workshop Handout (Center Staff, 2010)

GIPSA’s Proposed Rule Changes: What Are They? How Might They Affect You? How Can You Affect Them – PowerPoint Presentation (Center Staff, 2010)

GIPSA’s Proposed Rule Changes: A Presentation for Livestock and Poultry Producers – Webinar Recording (Center Staff, 2010)

The Farmer’s Legal Guide to Producer Marketing Associations (O’Brien, Hamilton & Luedeman, 2006)

Market Concentration, Horizontal Consolidation, and Vertical Integration in the Hog and Cattle Industries: Taking Stock of the Road Ahead (Pittman, 2005)

Developments in Horizontal Consolidation and Vertical Integration (O’Brien, 2005)

Concentration Concerns in the American Livestock Sector (Lauck, 2004)

An Overview of the Packers and Stockyards Act (Kelley, 2003)


Congressional Research Service Reports

CRS Subject(s):

Animal Agriculture

Trade Regulation and Antitrust


Agricultural Law Bibliography

Introduction   |   Keyword Search   |   Browse Categories

Legal publications on Packers and Stockyards :

Agribusiness Corporations

Animals – Animal Rights

Bankruptcy

Corporate Farming (Restrictions on Corporate Farming/Family Farm Preservation)

Farmer-Processor Bargaining – Production Contract

Livestock & Packers & Stockyards

Trade Regulation and Antitrust

Veterinary Law


Reference Resources

Economic Research Service (ERS)

Hogs and Pork Policy  (2012)

Cattle and Beef Policy (2012)

Poultry Policy (2012)

The Economic Organization of U.S. Broiler Production (2008)

Economic and Structural Relationships in U.S. Hog Production  (2003)

Structural Change in U.S. Chicken and Turkey Slaughter (2000)

Consolidation in U.S. Meatpacking (1999)

Grain Inspection Packers and Stockyards Administration (GIPSA)

PSA Forms

GIPSA Livestock and Meat Marketing Study  (Prepared by RTI International for GIPSA, 2007)

GIPSA Annual Reports Assessments of the Cattle & Hog Industries

Concentration in the Red Meat Packing Industry (1996)


Congressional Resources

Government Accountability Office Reports

Economic Models of Cattle Prices: How USDA Can Improve Models to Explain Cattle Prices (2002)

Packers and Stockyards Programs: USDA’s Response to Studies on Concentration in the Livestock Industry (1997)

Packer Marketing Concentration and Cattle Prices (1990)


Publications

Concentration in Beef Packing and Slaughter Cattle Pricing (Love, Capps, Jr., Williams, TAMRC, 2009)

The Dilemma of Contracting: Risk Management or Risky Business? (FLAG CLE seminar, 2006)

Contract Poultry Growers Have Rights Under Federal Law (FLAG, 2005)

Market Structure Issues in the Livestock Industry (Taylor, Auburn U., 2002)


Additional Resources

Packers and Stockyards Posts (Ag & Food Law Blog)

 

GIPSA Structure and Organization