Disaster Assistance/Crop Insurance



The federal government plays a significant role in assisting agricultural producers cope with financial losses caused by natural disasters.  Three major ways this assistance is provided is through the federal crop insurance program, the Noninsured Disaster Assistance Program (NAP), and the Emergency Assistance Loan Program (EM).  These programs are permanently authorized under federal law.  The federal government also provides such assistance under disaster programs established under the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, commonly referred to as the 2008 Farm Bill. Read the full overview.


Note: Recently added resources are posted at the top of the applicable sections.

Major Statutes

Federal Crop Insurance Act, 7 U.S.C. §§ 1501-1524

Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance, 7 U.S.C. § 1531 (a)-(k)

Federal Arbitration Act, 9 U.S.C.  § 1, et seq.

Federal Crop Insurance Reform and Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act (National Appeals Division), 7 U.S.C. §§6991-7002

Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program, 7 U.S.C. § 7333

Dairy Indemnity Payment Program, 7 U.S.C. § 4551 – 4553

Tree Assistance Program, 7 U.S.C. §§ 8201 – 8205

Agricultural Disaster Relief Trust Fund, 19 U.S.C. 2497a



Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018 (2018 Farm Bill)

Internal Revenue Service: Publication 3833

Agricultural Disaster Indemnity Programs (2019)

Agriculture Risk Coverage and Price Loss Coverage Programs

Federal Crop Insurance Corporation Regulations, 7 C.F.R.  Parts 400-458

National Appeals Division, 7 C.F.R. Part 11

Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP), 7 C.F.R. §§ 1437.1-1437.505

Indemnity Payment Programs, 7 C.F.R. Part 760

Dairy Indemnity  Payment Program, 7 C.F.R. §§ 760.1 – 760.1718

Dairy Disaster Assistance Payment Program (DDAP-lll), 7 C.F.R. §§ 786.100 – 786.115

Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance Programs (General Provisions), 7 C.F.R. §§ 760.101-760.116

Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honeybees, and Farm-Raised Fish Program (ELAP), 7 C.F.R.  §§ 760.201-760.211

Livestock Forage Disaster Program, 7 C.F.R. §§ 760.301 – 760.307

Livestock Indemnity Program, 7 C.F.R. §§ 760.401 – 760.406

Tree Assistance Program, 7 C.F.R. §§ 760.500-760.507

Supplemental Revenue Assistance Payments Program (SURE), 7 C.F.R. §§ 760.601 – 760.650

Crop  Assistance Program, 7 C.F.R. §§ 760.701-760.708

Federal Register Rules Open for Comment

Case Law

Case Law Index for Federal Crop Insurance Program

Administrative Law Decisions

Office of the Administrative Law Judges

Center published USDA Judicial Officer’s Decisions

Center Research Publications

A Practitioner’s Guide to the Litigation of Federally Reinsured Crop Insurance Claims (Ballard, 2012)

Crop Insurance Arbitration: What is Arbitration, When is it Required, and How Does it Work? (Ballard, 2012)

Crop Insurance for Edamame (R. Rumley, 2012)

The Federal Crop Insurance Program: Administration, Structure, and Operation (Ballard, 2012)

Filing a Crop Insurance Claim: An Overview for Producers (Ballard, 2012)

Scope of the Federal Crop Insurance Arbitration Clause (Fancher, 2002)

FCIC’s Standard Reinsurance Agreement (Fancher, 2002)

Dealing with the USDA: Federal Administrative Law Basics (Kelley, 2002)

Congressional Research Service Reports

Reports– published and made available by CRS beginning in 2017

Subjects- published by CRS and made available by NALC until 2018:

Disaster Impact and Assistance
Farm Bills

Agricultural Law Bibliography

Introduction   |   Keyword Search   |   Browse Categories

Legal publications on Crop Insurance & Disaster Assistance:

Administrative Law (Federal and State Farm Programs)
Finance and Credit
Domestic Farm Policy and Legislative Analysis

Reference Resources

Economic Research Service

Suggested: Agricultural Act of 2014: Highlights and Implications

Suggested: Crop Insurance

Policy: Price Loss Coverage (PLC)  and Agricultural Risk Coverage

Farm Economy:  Farm & Commodity Policy

Government Programs and Risk: Major Risk Management Programs

Changing Farm Structure and the Distribution of Farm Payments and Federal Crop Insurance (White and Hoppe 2012)

Identifying Overlap in the Farm Safety Net (O’Donoghue, et al. 2011)

Agricultural Act of 2014 Highlights and Implications

Grassland to Cropland Conversion in the Northern Plains:  The Role of Crop Insurance, Commodity, and Disaster Programs (Claassen et al. 2011)

Farm Service Agency

Disaster Assistance Programs

Disaster Assistance Fact Sheet

Farm Loan Programs

Farm Bill Home

FSA Handbooks for Disaster Assistance

Emergency Forest Restoration Program

Livestock Programs (4-DAP Revision 1)

Livestock Programs (4-DAP Revision 2)

Crop Disaster Programs (1-CAP)

Crop Disaster Program (5-DAP Revision 1)

Crop Disaster Program (5-DAP Revision 2)

Livestock Disaster Assistance Programs for 2011 and Subsequent Years (1-LDAP Revision 1)

Livestock Disaster Assistance Programs (1-LDAP)

Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program for 2015 and Subsequent Years (1-NAP Revision 2)

Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program for 2001 and Subsequent Years (1-NAP Revision 1)

Supplemental Revenue Assistance Program (1-SURE)

Tree Assistance Program Updated July 2018 (1-TAP Revision 4)

Tree Assistance Program (1-TAP Revision 2)

Tree Assistance Program for 2008 through 2011 Crop Years (1-TAP Revision 3)

Disaster Designations (1-DIS)

Dairy Indemnity Payment Program (3-LD Revision 7)

Wildfires and Hurricanes Indemnity Program (1-WHIP)

Internal Revenue Service

Disaster Assistance and Emergency Relief for Individuals and Businesses

Crop Insurance and Crop Disaster Payments

Tax Law Provisions for Disaster Areas

Farmer’s Tax Guide (Publication 225, 2017)

Tax Relief in Disaster Situations

National Appeals Division

Guidance, Regulations, and Statutes

               Search NAD Determinations

NAD Hearing Guide

Risk Management Agency (RMA)

Risk Management Agency Strategic Plan 2018-2022
RMA Fact Sheets
Laws and Regulations
Bulletins and Handbooks
Overview of Crop Policies
2018 Crop Policies and Pilots
Federal Crop Insurance Corporation
Livestock Policies
Reinsurance Agreements
Common Crop Insurance Policy
Civil Rights and Community Outreach
History of the Crop Insurance Program
RMA Publications

Crop Insurance Decision Tool


United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)

Farmers’ Guide to 2018 USDA Farm Bill Programs

Emergency Farm Loans

Reference Guide: USDA Disaster Resources for Farmers, Ranchers and Communities

Farmers.gov: Recover

Congressional Resources

Congressional Agriculture Committees

U.S. Senate Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee
U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Agriculture
U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on General Farm Commodities and Risk Management

Government Accountability Office (GAO) (Search Page)

Overview of Farm Safety Net Programs (CRS In Focus Summary)


Agricultural Disaster Assistance (Congressional Research Service, June 11, 2019)

Disaster Assistance For Ag Producers (ATTRA Sustainable Agriculture)

Topic: Risk Management Publications (Farmer’s Legal Action Group)

Farmers’ Guide to Disaster Assistance, “Volume 3: Livestock Indemnity Program” (FLAG, 2019)

Farmers Guide to Disaster Assistance, “Volume 4: Emergency Loans” (FLAG 2019)

Farmers Guide to Disaster Assistance, “Volume 5: Disaster Set Aside Program (FLAG, 2019)

Farmers’ Guide to Disaster Assistance, “Volume 6: Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program” (FLAG, 2019)

Organic Farmers in Disasters-Flooding and whole Farm Revenue Crop Insurance  (1/31/2018)

Updated: Navigating Disaster Assistance for Farmers: Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Marie (10/6/2017)

Navigating Disaster Assistance for Farmers: Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Marie (9/20/2017)

Farmers’ Guide to Disaster Unemployment Assistance (9/6/2017)

What Help is Available for What Types of Disaster Losses (10/26/2015)

SURE Program Now Available for 2008 and 2009 Crop Disaster Losses (FLAG, 2010)

Documenting Disaster Losses (FLAG, 2009)

What Help is Available for What Types of Disaster Losses (FLAG, 2009)

Pasture, Rangeland, Forage Insurance Program (FLAG, 2009)

Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP) (FLAG, 2009)

Livestock Risk Protection Insurance (FLAG, 2009)

Individual Crop Insurance (FLAG, 2009)

Group Risk Crop Insurance (FLAG, 2009)

Emergency Conservation Program (FLAG, 2009)

Adjusted Gross Revenue-Lite Insurance (FLAG, 2009)

Disaster Readiness and Recovery: Legal Considerations for Organic Farmers (FLAG, 2007)

Farmers’ Guide to Disaster Assistance (FLAG, Sixth Edition, 2008)

Additional Resources

Crop Insurance Posts (Ag & Food Law Blog)

Crop Insurance – Tools and Calculators (U. IL. Extension iFarm Tools, 2019)

2013 Federal Crop Insurance Program Handbook (National Association of Insurance Commissioners)

2018 Farm Bill Strengthens Crop Insurance

American Arbitration Association Rules

Crop Insurance Terms and Definitions (TX A & M, Stokes, 1999)

Farmdoc – Crop Insurance (U. IL at Urbana)

National Ag Risk Education Library (U. MN)