Disaster Assistance/Crop Insurance



The federal government plays a significant role in assisting agricultural producers cope with financial losses caused by natural disasters.  Three major ways this assistance is provided is through the federal crop insurance program, the Noninsured Disaster Assistance Program (NAP), and the Emergency Assistance Loan Program (EM).  These programs are permanently authorized under federal law.  The federal government also provides such assistance under disaster programs established under the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, commonly referred to as the 2008 Farm Bill. Read the full overview.


Note: Recently added resources are posted at the top of the applicable sections.

Major Statutes

Federal Crop Insurance Act, 7 U.S.C. §§ 1501-1524

Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance, 7 U.S.C. § 1531

Federal Arbitration Act, 9 U.S.C.  § 1, et seq.

Federal Crop Insurance Reform and Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act (National Appeals Division), 7 U.S.C. §§6991-7002

Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program, 7 U.S.C. § 7333

Dairy Indemnity Payment Program, 7 U.S.C. § 450j

Tree Assistance Program, 7 U.S.C. §§ 8201 – 8205

Agricultural Disaster Relief Trust Fund, 19 U.S.C. 2497a


Federal Crop Insurance Corporation Regulations, 7 C.F.R.  Parts 400-458

National Appeals Division, 7 C.F.R. Part 11

Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP), 7 C.F.R. §§ 1437.1-1437.505

Indemnity Payment Programs, 7 C.F.R. Part 760

Dairy Indemnity  Payment Program, 7 C.F.R. §§ 760.1 – 760.33

Dairy Disaster Assistance Payment Program, 7 C.F.R. §§ 786.100 – 786.115

Supplemental Agricultural Disaster Assistance Programs (General Provisions), 7 C.F.R. §§ 760.101-760.116

Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honeybees, and Farm-Raised Fish Program (ELAP), 7 C.F.R.  §§ 760.201-760.211

Livestock Forage Disaster Program, 7 C.F.R. §§ 760.301 – 760.307

Livestock Indemnity Program, 7 C.F.R. §§ 760.401 – 760.406

Tree Assistance Program, 7 C.F.R. §§ 500-507

Supplemental Revenue Assistance Payments Program (SURE), 7 C.F.R. §§ 760.601 – 760.650

Crop Disaster Assistance, 7 C.F.R. §§ 760.701-760.708

Federal Register Rules Open for Comment

Case Law

Case Law Index for Federal Crop Insurance Program

Administrative Law Decisions

Office of the Administrative Law Judges

Center published USDA Judicial Officer’s Decisions

Center Research Publications

A Practitioner’s Guide to the Litigation of Federally Reinsured Crop Insurance Claims (Ballard, 2013)

Crop Insurance Arbitration: What is Arbitration, When is it Required, and How Does it Work? (Ballard, 2012)

Crop Insurance for Edamame (R. Rumley, 2012)

The Federal Crop Insurance Program: Administration, Structure, and Operation (Ballard, 2012)

Filing a Crop Insurance Claim: An Overview for Producers (Ballard, 2012)

Scope of the Federal Crop Insurance Arbitration Clause (Fancher, 2002)

FCIC’s Standard Reinsurance Agreement (Fancher, 2002)

Congressional Research Service Reports

CRS Subject(s):

Disaster Impact and Assistance
Farm Bills

Agricultural Law Bibliography

Introduction   |   Keyword Search   |   Browse Categories

Legal publications on Crop Insurance & Disaster Assistance:

Administrative Law (Federal and State Farm Programs)
Finance and Credit
Domestic Farm Policy and Legislative Analysis

Reference Resources

Economic Research Service

Farm Economy:  Crop Yield and Revenue Insurance

Farm Economy:  Farm & Commodity Policy

Farm Practices and Management:  Risk Management

Changing Farm Structure and the Distribution of Farm Payments and Federal Crop Insurance (White and Hoppe 2012)

Identifying Overlap in the Farm Safety Net (O’Donoghue, et al. 2011)

Grassland to Cropland Conversion in the Northern Plains:  The Role of Crop Insurance, Commodity, and Disaster Programs (Claassen, et al. 2011)


Farm Service Agency

Disaster Assistance Programs

FSA Handbooks

FSA Handbooks for Disaster Assistance

Emergency Forest Restoration Program

Livestock Programs (4-DAP Revision 1)
Livestock Programs (4-DAP Revision 2)
Crop Disaster Programs (1-CAP)

Crop Disaster Program (5-DAP Revision 1)
Crop Disaster Program (5-DAP Revision 2)
Livestock Disaster Assistance Programs (1-LDAP)

Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program for 2001 and Subsequent Years (1-NAP Revision 1)

Supplemental Revenue Assistance Program (1-SURE)

Tree Assistance Program (1-TAP Revision 2)

Tree Assistance Program for 2008 through 2011 Crop Years (1-TAP Revision 3)

Disaster Designations (1-DIS)

Dairy Indemnity Payment Program (3-LD Revision 7)

Internal Revenue Service

Disaster Assistance and Emergency Relief for Individuals and Businesses

Crop Insurance and Crop Disaster Payments

Disaster Area Losses – Agriculture Tax Tips
Farmer’s Tax Guide

National Appeals Division

Laws and Regulations

               Search NAD Decisions

NAD Hearing Guide

Risk Management Agency (RMA)

Farm Risk Planning
RMA Fact Sheets
Laws and Regulations
Bulletins and Handbooks
Overview of Crop Policies
Federal Crop Insurance Corporation
Livestock Policies
Reinsurance Agreements

Common Crop Insurance Policy

Civil Rights and Community Outreach
History of the Crop Insurance Program
RMA Publications

Congressional Resources

Congressional Agriculture Committees

U.S. Senate Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee
U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Agriculture
U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on General Farm Commodities and Risk Management

Government Accountability Office (GAO) (Search Page)

Overview of Farm Safety Net Programs (CRS In Focus Summary)


SURE Program Now Available for 2008 and 2009 Crop Disaster Losses (FLAG, 2010)

Documenting Disaster Losses (FLAG, 2009)

What Help is Available for What Types of Disaster Losses (FLAG, 2009)

Pasture, Rangeland, Forage Insurance Program (FLAG, 2009)

Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP) (FLAG, 2009)

Livestock Risk Protection Insurance (FLAG, 2009)

Individual Crop Insurance (FLAG, 2009)

Group Risk Crop Insurance (FLAG, 2009)

Emergency Conservation Program (FLAG, 2009)

Adjusted Gross Revenue-Lite Insurance (FLAG, 2009)

Disaster Readiness and Recovery: Legal Considerations for Organic Farmers (FLAG, 2007)

Farmers’ Guide to Disaster Assistance (FLAG, Sixth Edition, 2008)

Additional Resources

Crop Insurance Posts (Ag & Food Law Blog)

American Arbitration Association Rules

Crop Insurance Terms and Definitions (TX A & M, Stokes, 1999)

Farmdoc – Crop Insurance (U. IL at Urbana)

National Ag Risk Education Library (U. MN)

Crop Insurance – Tools and Calculators (U. IL. iFarm Tools)