Climate Change



Because greenhouse gas emissions are linked to almost every industry, including agriculture, manufacturing and transportation, they must be considered when looking at the future of all these industries. Agriculture and forestry are somewhat unique in their ability to both produce and reduce greenhouse gasses. According to the EPA, agriculture in the United States accounts for 7-8% of the nation’s total greenhouse gas emissions. The biological processes inherent in agriculture production, however, have the potential to allow agriculture to offset vastly more emissions than it produces. Read the full overview

Note: Recently added resources are posted at the top of the applicable sections.

Major Statutes

New legislation will be added to this section as it becomes law.

Conservation Stewardship Program, 7 CFR Part 1470
Federal Air Pollution and Control Act (a/k/a Clean Air Act), 42 U.S.C. §§ 7401-7671q
National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, 42 U.S.C. §§ 4321-4370f
Compilation of Current State and Federal Climate Change Statutes


Air Programs Regulations, 40 C.F.R. pts. 50-97
Energy Policy Regulations, 40 C.F.R. pts. 600-610
Air Pollution Controls Regulations, 40 C.F.R. pts. 1039-1068

Case Law

Case Law Index for Climate Change

Case Law Chart (compiled by Arnold and Porter LLP)

Administrative Law Decisions

EPA Office of Administrative Law Judges
Environmental Appeals Board
USDA Office of Administrative Law Judges
USDA National Appeals Division
USDA Judicial Officer’s Decisions

Center Research Publications

Current State and Federal Climate Change Statutes (Goeringer & Boling, 2009)

Dealing with the USDA: Federal Administrative Law Basics (Kelley)

Managing Carbon in a World Economy: The Role of American Agriculture (Garry)

Congressional Research Service Reports

Climate Change
Environmental Issues

Agricultural Law Bibliography

Introduction   |   Keyword Search   |   Browse Categories

Legal publications on Climate Change:

Environmental Issues
Land Use Regulation

Reference Resources

Agricultural Research Service (ARS)

Crop Systems & Global Change

ARS Global Change National Program

Economic Research Service (ERS)

Briefing Room: Climate Change


Agricultural Land Tenure and Carbon Offsets (Claassen and Morehart, 2009)

Environmental Credit Trading (Ribaudo, Amber Waves, 2006)

Carbon Sequestration in Agriculture Economically Feasible? (Lewandrowski, Amber Waves, 2004)

Economics of Sequestering Carbon in the U.S. Agricultural Sector (Lewandrowski, 2004)

Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change (Schimmelpfennig et al.)

Issues in Food Security: Climate Change and Food Security (Darwin, 2001)

World Agriculture and Climate Change: Economic Adaptations (Tsigas, 1995)

Department of Energy (DOE)

Carbon Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems

Fossil Energy: Partnerships Index Page

Fossil Energy: DOE’s Carbon Sequestration Research Program

Carbon Sequestration Video

Carbon Cycling and Sequestration

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center(CDIAC)

Terrestrial Carbon Management

National Energy Technology Lab (NETL)

Carbon Sequestration FAQs
Carbon Sequestration Links
Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the U.S. and Canada
NatCarb Home Page: A National Look at Carbon Sequestration
Carbon Sequestration Technology Roadmap and Program Plan

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Publication: Climate Change Indicators in the United States (2010)

Publication: Legislative Analyses of Potential Domestic Climate Change Mitigation Programs (EPA Analysis, 10/23/09)

Publication: 2009 U.S. Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report

Publication: 2011 U.S. Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report: Agriculture Cap and Trade

Endangerment and Cause or Contribute Findings for Greenhouse Gases under Section 202(a) of the Clean Air Act

State and Local Climate and Energy Programs

Farm Service Agency (FSA)

Conservation and Environmental Programs Division 2008 Annual Report

Conservation Reserve Program: Estimating Water Quality, Air Quality, and Soil Carbon Benefits of the CRP

Ecosystem Services Derived from Wetland Conservation

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)

Fish and Wildlife Service Climate Change Resource Index
Southeast Region Fish and Wildlife Service
Southeast Region Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration to Benefit Fish and Wildlife
Carbon Sequestration

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Global Climate Change
National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science Climate Change
Climate Program Office

Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS)

Global Climate Change

Opportunities for Managing Carbon Sequestration and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Agricultural Systems

Fact Sheet: NRCS and Climate Change

Voluntary Reporting Carbon Management Tool

National Water and Climate Center

Office of the Chief Economist (OCE)

Climate Change Program Office

Effects of Climate Change On Agriculture, Land Resources, Water Resources, and Biodiversity in the United States (2008)

U.S. Climate Change Science Program Synthesis and Assessment Product 4.3

A Preliminary Analysis of the Effects of HR 2454 on U.S. Agriculture (2009)

Congressional Resources

Congressional Budget Office Climate Change Special Collection
The Economic Effects of Legislation to Reduce Greenhouse-Gas Emissions (CBO, 2009)
The Use of Offsets to Reduce Greenhouse Gases (CBO, 2009)
Reports on Climate Change (Government Accountability Office)
Climate Change Trade Measures: Considerations for U.S. Policy Makers (GAO-09-724R, 2009)
Climate Change Trade Measures: Estimating Industry Effects (GAO-09-875T, 2009)
U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Energy and the Environment: Climate Change Hearings

Other Federal Resources

Climate Change(National Agricultural Library)

Climate Change and U.S. Agriculture (RMA)

United States Global Change Research Program

U.S. Global Change Research Program

U.S. Carbon Cycle Science Program

U.S. Global Change Research Program

Global Change Master Directory Web Site (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)

Global Change & Climate Programs (National Institute of Food and Agriculture)

Global Climate Change (U.S. Department of State)

Office of Global Change (U.S. Geological Survey)

Status and Trends of Biological Resources Program (U.S. Geological Survey)

National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center (U.S. Geological Survey)

International Resources

United Nations Environmental Programme – Climate Change
The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
Climate Change: Implications for Food Safety (FAO, 2008)
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Western Australian Department of Environmental Regulation: Climate Change
World Bank Climate Finance Website
Climate Change: Impact on Agriculture and Costs of Adaptation (International Food Policy Research Institute, 2009)

Regional Partnerships

Big Sky Carbon Sequestration Partnership
Midwest Geological Carbon Sequestration Consortium
Midwest Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership
Plains CO2 Reduction Partnership
Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative
Southeast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership
Southwest Partnership CO2 Sequestration
West Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership

Additional Resources

United States Climate Action Partnership

Climate Change Posts (Ag & Food Law Blog)

Center for Climate Change Law (Columbia Law School)

Center for Climate & Energy Solutions

Agriculture’s Role in Addressing Climate Change
Cost of Carbon Sequestration: Executive Summary
State- and Regional-Specific Actions on Climate Change

National Commission on Energy Policy

Carbon Sequestration FAQs (AL Forestry Commission)

Carbon Sequestration Research (Southeastern Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership)

Glossary of Terms Used in Greenhouse Gas Inventory (CA EPA)

Carbon Offsets (OK Forestry Services)

Agroecosystems / Carbon Sequestration (CO St. U.)

Idaho Soil Conservation Commission

Soil Carbon Center (KS St. U.)

Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative

Forest Carbon Portal

Nebraska Carbon Sequestration Program

Carbon Price and Market Information

Greenhouse Gas Online

Climate Exchange Plc.

Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX)

Approved Aggregators on CCX

European Climate Exchange

Chicago Climate Futures Exchange

Voluntary Carbon Reporting and Registration Programs:

Carbon Sequestration in Idaho
Georgia’s Carbon Sequestration Registry (Georgia Forestry Commission)
The Climate Registry
“Comet VR” USDA Voluntary Carbon Credit Reporting

Carbon Trading: A Primer for Forest Landowners (National Commission on Science for Sustainable Forestry)


The Effects of Climate Change on U.S. Ecosystems (USDA, 2009)
Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States (U.S. Global Change Research Program, 2010)
Analysis of the Implications of Climate Change and Energy Legislation to the Agricultural Sector (U. TN, 2009)
ABCs of Carbon Markets (Dickinson, Mackaman, Tyler and Hagan PC, 2009)
Climate Change: Impact on Agriculture and Costs of Adaptation (International Food Policy Research Institute, 2009)
Economic Implications of the EPA Analysis of the CAP and Trade Provisions of H.R. 2454 for U.S. Representative Farms (Agricultural and Food Policy Center, TX A&M, 2009)
The Effect of Higher Energy Prices from H.R. 2454 on Missouri Crop Production Costs (Food and Agriculture Policy Research Institute, University of Missouri, 2009)
Climate Change Home (The National Academies – NAS)
Climate Change Basics (NAS)
Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (NAS)
Understanding and Responding to Climate Change: Highlights of the National Academies Reports
International Climate Change Negotiations and Agriculture
The Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture, Land Resources, Water Resources, and Biodiversity (US Climate Science Program)
Opportunities for Greenhouse Gas Reduction Through Forestry and Agriculture in Florida (Mulkay, et al., 2008)
Carbon Sequestration on Idaho Agriculture and Forest Lands (ID Soil Conservation Comm’n, 2003)
Carbon Credits: A Non-Traditional Source of Revenue for Mississippi Forest Landowners (MS St. Extension)
Carbon Sequestration Policy and Global Warming: A Legal Analysis (Thorson, 2001)
A Landowner’s Guide to Carbon Sequestration Credits (Central MN Regional Sustainable Development Partnership)
The Role of Agriculture in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Recommendations for a National Cap-and-Trade Program (21st Century Agriculture Policy Project, 2008)
Offsetting Emissions: A Business Brief on the Voluntary Carbon Market (Ecosystem Marketplace and Business for Social Responsibility, 2006)
A Consumers Guide to Retail Offset Providers (Clean Air/Cool Planet, 2006)
Agriculture & Global Climate Change: A Review of Impacts to U.S. Agricultural Resources (Pew Center, Adams et. al., 1999)
Agriculture: The Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change for the United States (Reilly et. al., 2001)