Statutes Regulating Ownership of

Agricultural Land

Compiled by:
Nick Spellman
Research Fellow
Micah Brown
Staff Attorney
National Agricultural Law Center
 

Foreign ownership of U.S. land, specifically agricultural lands, has been an issue dating back to the origins of the United States. In some states, foreign persons and entities have the same property rights as the citizens of those states, while in others, foreign ownership of land is prohibited or significantly limited within the boundaries of their state. Twelve states specifically forbid or limit nonresident aliens, foreign businesses and corporations, and foreign governments from acquiring or owning an interest in agricultural land within their state. Additionally, some states require foreign persons and entities to report their purchase or ownership interest in farmland within their state. Many of these state reporting statutes correspond with the federal reporting law under the Agricultural Foreign Investment Disclosure Act. The following compilation includes state statutory prohibitions on foreign ownership of agricultural land, reporting requirements, and corporate farming restrictions.

These compilations are only an aid to research. State courts and federal courts, including bankruptcy courts, have interpreted and continue to interpret these statutes. Further, this publication does not include case annotations, which a researcher must consult to thoroughly understand any particular statute. As such, these charts are intended for use solely as an educational tool and research aid, and not as a substitute for individual legal advice.

For each state, the first column of the chart includes a reference and link to the text of the relevant constitutional and statutory provisions. Each compilation contains the code sections relevant to the topics found at the head of the chart and are linked to the specific language at issue. This compilation was last updated in October 2021.

State Relevant Provision(s) Reporting Prohibition Corporate Farming
Alabama None
Alaska None
Arizona None
Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. § 2-3-111 Yes No No
California None
Colorado None
Connecticut None
Delaware None
Florida None
Georgia Ga. Code Ann. § 1-2-11 No Yes No
Hawaii None
Idaho None
Illinois 765 Ill. Comp. Stat. Ann. 50/1 to 50/8 Yes No No
Indiana None
Iowa Iowa Code Ann. §§ 9H.1 to 9H.5

Iowa Code Ann. §§ 9I.1 to 9I.12

Iowa Code Ann. §§ 10.1 to 10.14

Iowa Code Ann. §§ 10B.1 to 10B.7

Iowa Code Ann. §§ 202B.101 to 202B.402

Yes Yes Yes
Kansas Kan. Stat. Ann. § 17-5904

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 17-7505 (effective until Jan. 1, 2023)

Kan. Stat. Ann. § 17-7505 (effective Jan. 1, 2023)

Yes—applies to foreign for-profit corporations and cooperatives No Yes
Kentucky Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 381.300 No Yes No
Louisiana None
Maine Me. Rev. Stat. tit. 7, §§ 31 to 36 Yes—applies to corporations and partnerships No No
Maryland None
Massachusetts None
Michigan None
Minnesota Minn. Stat. Ann. §§ 500.24

Minn. Stat. Ann. §§ 500.221

Yes Yes Yes
Mississippi Miss. Const. Art. 4, § 84

Miss. Code Ann. § 89-1-23

No Yes No
Missouri Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 350.010 to 350.040

Mo. Rev. Stat. §§ 442.560 to 442.592

Yes Yes Yes
Montana None
Nebraska Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 76-402 to 76-415

Neb. Rev. Stat. §§ 76-1520 to 76-1524

Yes Yes Yes
Nevada None
New Hampshire None
New Jersey N.J. Stat. Ann. § 46:3-18 No Yes No
New Mexico None
New York None
North Carolina N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 64-1.1 Yes No No
North Dakota N.D. Cent. Code Ann. §§ 10-06.1-01 to 10-06.1-27

N.D. Cent. Code Ann. §§ 47-10.1-01 to 47-10.1-06

Yes Yes Yes
Ohio Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 5301.254 Yes No No
Oklahoma Okla. Const. art. XXII, § 1

Okla. Const. art. XXII, § 2

Okla. Stat. tit. 18, §§ 951 to 956

Okla. Stat. tit. 60, §§ 121 to 125

No Yes Yes
Oregon None
Pennsylvania 68 Pa. Stat. Ann. §§ 41 to 47 Yes Yes No
Rhode Island None
South Carolina S.C. Const. art. III, § 35

S.C. Code Ann. §§ 27-13-10 to 27‑13‑40

No Yes No
South Dakota S.D. Codified Laws §§ 43-2A-1 to 43‑2A-7

S.D. Codified Laws §§ 47-9A-1 to 47‑9A-23

No Yes Yes
Tennessee None
Texas None
Utah None
Vermont None
Virginia None
Washington None
West Virginia None
Wisconsin Wis. Stat. § 182.001

Wis. Stat. §§ 710.02 to 710.03

Yes Yes Yes
Wyoming None