Regulation & Requirements for Grain Warehouses

Elizabeth R. Rumley, Senior Staff Attorney
Jessica Fritts, Research Assistant
 

 

Warehouses are involved in the storage of grain.  Typically, ownership is maintained by the grower, rather than being transferred to the warehouse.  Warehouses are regulated by either state or federal government, depending on the entity with whom the warehouse is licensed. Warehouses are regulated by either state or federal government, depending on the entity with whom the warehouse is licensed.  To read more about warehouse licensing on the federal level, click here.  A factsheet generally addressing state v. federal warehouse regulation is available here, while another specific to the requirements of the state of Arkansas is available here.

The following compilation outlines state statutory requirements affecting grain dealers that have been enacted throughout the United States.  These compilations are only an aid to research. State courts and federal courts, including bankruptcy courts, have interpreted and continue to interpret these statutes. Further, this publication does not include case annotations, which a researcher must consult to thoroughly understand any particular statute. As such, these charts are intended for use solely as an educational tool and research aid, and not as a substitute for individual legal advice.

For each state, the first column of the chart includes a reference and link to the freely available text of the relevant chapter(s).  The following columns are more focused, and include links to only those sections relevant to the topic noted at the top of the column.

To review the sister compilation addressing regulation requirements for grain dealers, please click here.

 

 

Relevant Sections Specific Provisions
Licensing Bonding Auditing Indemnity Fund Failure/Liquidation Prompt Payment Penalties Lien
Alabama Ala. Code Tit. 2, Ch. 11, Art. 5 Ala. Code §2-11-91 to 100; 102 Ala. Code §2-11-103
Alaska Not Regulated
Arizona Not Regulated
Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. Ch. 17, Subch. 2 Ark. Code Ann. §2-17-206 to 208; 211 to 217; 237 Ark. Code Ann. §2-17-209 to 210; 226 Ark. Code Ann. §2-17-234 to 235 Ark. Code Ann. §2-17-236   Ark. Code Ann. §2-17-204 to 205
California Not Regulated
Colorado Colo. Rev. Stat. Tit. 12, Art. 16, Part 2 Colo. Rev. Stat. §12-16-203; 205 to 206.5 Colo. Rev. Stat. §12-16-216; 218 Colo. Rev. Stat. §12-16-215 Colo. Rev. Stat. §12-16-216 Colo. Rev. Stat. §12-16-206.5; 215; 219 to 219.5; 221 to 222
Connecticut Not Regulated
Delaware Del. Code Ann. Tit. 3, Part 2, Ch. 16 Del. Code Ann. tit.3, §1604 to 1605 Del. Code Ann. tit.3, §1602 to 1603 Del. Code Ann. tit.3, §1606 to 1607
Florida Not Regulated
Georgia GA. Code Ann. Ch. 4, Art. 1  GA. Code Ann. §10-4-10 to 11; 17; 29 to 30 GA. Code Ann. §10-4-12 to 14 GA. Code Ann. §10-4-5; 10; 15; 23 to 24; 29 GA. Code Ann. §10-4-32
Hawaii Not Regulated
Idaho Idaho Code Ann. Tit. 69, Ch. 2 Idaho Code. Ann. §69-203 to 204; 206 to 207; 211; 228; 241; 244; 247; 267 Idaho Code. Ann. §69-206; 208 to 210; 236; 260 Idaho Code. Ann. §69-205 to 206; 213; 220; 226 to 227; 230; 239; 250; 262 Idaho Code. Ann. §69-211; 256 to 259; 262 to 264; 266 to 267 Idaho Code. Ann. §69-236; 262 Idaho Code. Ann. §69-251 Idaho Code. Ann. §69-204; 223; 233; 242 to 243
Illinois 240 Il. Comp Stat Act 40 240 Il. Comp. Stat. 40/5-30 to 35; 40/10-5 to 25; 40/15-5 to 45; 40/35-5   240 Il. Comp. Stat. 40/5-30; 40/30-5 to 25 240 Il. Comp. Stat. 40/20-5 to 25; 40/35-5 240 Il. Comp. Stat. 40/15-45 810 Il. Comp. Stat. 5/7-201 to 210
Indiana Ind. Code Ann. Art. 3, Ch. 7; Ind. Code Ann. Art. 4, Ch. 1-8 Ind. Code Ann. 26-3-7-4 to 4.1; 6 to 6.1; 7 to 8.5; 17.1 to 18; 29; 35 Ind. Code  Ann. 26-3-7-9 to 10; 13 to 14; 16.5 Ind. Code Ann. 26-3-7-6.1; 16.5; 28; 33 Ind. Code Ann. 26-4-4-2 to 3; 8 to 9; Ind. Code Ann. 26-4-5-1 to 2; Ind. Code Ann. 26-4-6-1 to 8; Ind. Code Ann. 26-4-7-2 to 3 Ind. Code Ann. 26-3-7-17.1; 32; 34 Ind. Code Ann. 26-3-7-16.8
Iowa Iowa Code Ch. 203C; Iowa Code Ch. 203D Iowa Code §203C.1 – .3; §203C.6 – .12; §203C.13 – .24; §203C.28; §203C.33; §203C.34; §203C.37 Iowa Code §203C.11; §203C.13 -.15 Iowa Code 203C.2; §203C.11;  §203C.13; §203C.15; §203C.33; §203C.36; §203C.40 Iowa Code §203C.4; §203C.12 – .12A; §203C.33; §203D.2 -.6 Iowa Code §203C.3 to 203C.4 Iowa Code §203C.17 Iowa Code §203C.36 to 203C36A Iowa Code §203C.12A
Kansas Kan. Stat. Ann. Ch. 34, Art. 1 to 2 Kan. Stat. Ann. §34-228; 230; 298 to 299 Kan. Stat. Ann. §34-229; 2,104; 2,111 Kan. Stat. Ann. §34-228; 230A; 249A; 251; 295A to 295B; 2,104; 2,110 Kan. Stat. Ann. §34-2,104 Kan. Stat. Ann. §34-2,112 Kan. Stat. Ann. §34-102; 231; 293; 295; 298; 2,105 to 2,106 Kan. Stat. Ann. §34-266 to 276
Kentucky KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. Tit. XXI, Ch. 251; KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. Tit. XXIX, Ch. 359; KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. Tit. XXIX, Ch. 263 KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §251.430 to 440; 470; 710 to 720; KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §359.050 KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §251.451; 720; KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §359.060 KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §251.480 to 500; 640; 730; KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §363.410 to 440; KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §359.070; 090; 130 KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §251.640 to 680 KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §251.680 KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §251.990; KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §363.991; KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §359.040; 990
Louisiana La. Rev. Stat. Ann. Title 3, Ch. 21 La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §3:3405; 3408 to 3409; 3411.1 to 3412 La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §3:3410 to 3410.1; 3414.4 La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §3:3405 to 3406; 3419 La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §3:3410.2 La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §3:3407 La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §3:3414.1 to 3414.2; 3414.4 La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §3:3405 to 3406; 3414.4; 3424
Maine Not Regulated
Maryland Not Regulated
Massachusetts Not Regulated
Michigan Not Regulated
Minnesota Minn. Stat. Ch. 232 Minn. Stat. §232.17 Minn. Stat. §232.17 Minn. Stat. §232.17 Minn. Stat. §232.17
Mississippi Miss. Code Ann. Ch. 44 Miss. Code Ann. §75-44-9 to 27; 67 Miss. Code Ann. §75-44-29 to 35 Miss. Code Ann. §75-44-41 to 45 Miss. Code Ann. §75-44-71
Missouri Mo. Rev. Stat. Ch. 411 Mo. Rev. Stat. §411.255-268; .283; .311; .371; .671; .691; .755 Mo. Rev. Stat. §411.050; .260; .275-.281; .325 Mo. Rev. Stat. §411.070; .180-.200; .260; .271; .287; .517 Mo. Rev. Stat. §411.285-.287; .519 Mo. Rev. Stat. §411.325 Mo. Rev. Stat. §411.283; .295-.301; .371; .517; .523; .611-.661; .760; .770-.778 Mo. Rev. Stat. §411.800
Montana Mont. Code Ann. Tit. 80, Ch. 4, Part 4; Mont. Code Ann. Tit. 80, Ch. 4, Part 6 Mont. Code Ann. §80-4-404; 406; 421; Mont. Code Ann. §80-6-601 to 603; 605 Mont. Code Ann. §80-4-405; 425; Mont. Code Ann. §80-6-604; 612; 614 Mont. Code Ann. §80-4-407 to 410; Mont. Code Ann. §80-6-601; 606; 613 Mont. Code Ann. §80-4-416; 419; Mont. Code Ann. §80-6-612 Mont. Code Ann. §80-4-422; Mont. Code Ann. §80-6-607 to 608 Mont. Code Ann. §80-4-426 to 429; Mont. Code Ann. §80-6-612 Mont. Code Ann. §80-4-420
Nebraska Neb. Rev. Stat. Ch. 88, Art. 5 Neb. Rev. Stat. §88-527 – 529; §88-531 – 533; §88-546; §88-548 Neb. Rev. Stat. §88-530 Neb. Rev. Stat. §88-527 – 528; §88-542; §88-545.01; §88-550 Neb. Rev. Stat. §88-547 Neb. Rev. Stat. §88-534 Neb. Rev. Stat. §88-543  – 543.01; §88-545; 88-549  Neb. Rev. Stat. §88-547.01 to 547.02
Nevada Not Regulated
New Hampshire Not Regulated
New Jersey Not Regulated
New Mexico N.M. Stat. Ann. Ch. 76, Art. 15 N.M. Stat. Ann. §76-15-14 to 15 N.M. Stat. Ann. §76-15-14 to 15; 21 N.M. Stat. Ann. §76-15-16 N.M. Stat. Ann. §76-15-19 to 20
New York Not Regulated
North Carolina Not Regulated
North Dakota N.D. Cent. Code Ch 60-02 N.D. Cent. Code §60-02-07 to 07.2; 10 to 10.1; 35.1; 38; 40 to 42 N.D. Cent. Code §60-02-09 to 09.1 N.D. Cent. Code §60-02-03; 23 to 24 N.D. Cent. Code §60-02-25 N.D. Cent. Code §60-02-12; 21; 24; 29; 39 N.D. Cent. Code §60-02-18; 25.1; 36
Ohio Ohio Rev. Code Ann. Ch. 926 Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §926.04 to .102; .12 to .13; .27 Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §926.11 Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §926.16 to .18 Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §926.14 to .141 Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §926.03; .15; .99 Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §926.021; .07
Oklahoma Okla. Stat. tit. 2, Ch. 1, Art. 9A Okla. Stat. tit. 9, §9-22 to 24 Okla. Stat. tit. 9, §9-22; 24; 31 Okla. Stat. tit. 9, §9-25 Okla. Stat. tit. 9, §9-24; 42 to 45 Okla. Stat. tit. 9, §9-34 to 37; 46 to 47.1 Okla. Stat. tit. 9, §9-24
Oregon OR. Rev. Stat. Ann. Tit. 47, Ch. 576; OR. Rev. Stat. Ann. Tit. 47, Ch. 586 OR. Rev. Stat. Ann. §586.230; 270 to 290 OR. Rev. Stat. Ann. §586.300; 525 to 527; 561 OR. Rev. Stat. Ann. §586.382; 520 to 525; 550 to 555 OR. Rev. Stat. Ann. §586.395 to 400; 525 OR. Rev. Stat. Ann. §576.705 OR. Rev. Stat. Ann. §586.990
Pennsylvania Not Regulated
Rhode Island Not Regulated
South Carolina S.C. Code Ann. Tit. 39, Ch. 22; S.C. Code Ann. Tit. 46, Ch. 42 S.C. Code Ann. §39-22-10 S.C. Code Ann. §39-22-20 S.C. Code Ann. §39-22-130; 190; S.C. Code Ann. §46-42-10 to 50 S.C. Code Ann. §39-22-150 S.C. Code Ann. §39-22-90; S.C. Code Ann. §46-42-80
South Dakota S.D. Codified Laws Ch. 49-45 S.D. Codified Laws §49-45-4.2; 4.4 to 4.5; 5.1 to 5.2; 5.6; 61 S.D. Codified Laws §49-45-4.3; 5.3; 5.5; 5.7 to 5.9; 35 to 36; 59 S.D. Codified Laws §49-45-5.8; 9 to 10; 26; 38; 40; 58 S.D. Codified Laws §49-45-3 S.D. Codified Laws §49-45-2.1; 4.2 to 4.3; 9 to 10; 11; 26; 32 to 33; 41; 42; 44 to 49; 58; 62 to 63
Tennessee Tenn. Code Ann. Ch. 32 Tenn. Code Ann. §43-32-103; 105; 107; 109 Tenn. Code Ann. §43-32-106 Tenn. Code Ann. §43-32-107 Tenn. Code Ann. §43-32-202 to 213 Tenn. Code Ann. §43-32-108; 211 Tenn. Code Ann. §43-32-109
Texas Tex. Agric. Code Ann. Ch. 14, Ch. 41 Tex. Agric. Code Ann. §14.013-.024; §.051; §.072; §.083-.084 Tex. Agric. Code Ann. §14.014; .031-.035; .041-.043 .65 Tex. Agric. Code Ann. §14.012; .015; .57; .59; .82 Tex. Agric. Code Ann. §41.206-211; .214 Tex. Agric. Code Ann. §14.082 Tex. Agric. Code Ann. §14.071-079; .081; .085-.088
Utah Not Regulated
Vermont Not Regulated
Virginia Not Regulated
Washington Wash. Rev. Code Ann. Ch. 22.09 Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §22.09.030 to .080; .230 Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §22.09.060; .090 to .100; .300; .350 to .360; .381; .570 to .615 Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §22.09.020; .170; .180; .200; .340 to .361; .381; .650; .830 Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §22.09.405 to 471 Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §22.09.150; .350; .391 Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §22.09.620 to .630 Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §22.09.310; .870; .890 to .895 Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §22.09.371; .391
West Virginia W.VA. Code Ann. Chapt. 19, Art. 3
W.VA. Code Ann. §19-3-1; 3
W.VA. Code Ann. §19-3-2; 4 W.VA. Code Ann. §19-3-5
Wisconsin Wis. Stat. Ch. 126, Sub-Tit. 1, 2, 4, 7, 8 Wis. Stat. §126.26 Wis. Stat. §126.06; 31; 71 to 73 Wis. Stat. §126.28; 32; 70 Wis. Stat. §126.05; 29 to 30; 88 Wis. Stat. §126.85 to 87
Wyoming Wyo. Stat. Ann. Tit. 11, Ch. 11; Wyo. Stat. Ann. Tit. 29, Ch. 8 Wyo. Stat. Ann. §11-11-103 to 104; 116 Wyo. Stat. Ann. §11-11-105 to 106 Wyo. Stat. Ann. §11-11-107; 109 to 111; 115 Wyo. Stat. Ann. §11-11-114 Wyo. Stat. Ann. §11-11-117 to 121 Wyo. Stat. Ann. §29-8-102 to 108