Regulation & Requirements for Grain Dealers

Elizabeth R. Rumley, Senior Staff Attorney
Jessica Fritts, Research Assistant
 

 

A grain dealer, someone who is in the business of buying, receiving, exchanging, or storing grain from the grower, is regulated very differently from state to state.  In some places, the state does not regulate the business at all, while in others, regulation includes everything from licensing to bonding, from statutory liens to state auditing of the dealer’s books.  The following compilation outlines statutory requirements affecting grain dealers that are in place throughout the United States.

 

These compilations are only an aid to research. State courts and federal courts, including bankruptcy courts, have interpreted and continue to interpret these statutes. Further, this publication does not include case annotations, which a researcher must consult to thoroughly understand any particular statute. As such, these charts are intended for use solely as an educational tool and research aid, and not as a substitute for individual legal advice.

 

For each state, the first column of the chart includes a reference and link to the freely available text of the relevant chapter(s).  The following columns are more focused, and include links to only those code sections relevant to the topic noted at the top of the column.

 

To review the sister compilation addressing regulation requirements for grain warehouses, please click here.

 

       

Relevant Sections Specific Provisions
Licensing Bonding Auditing Indemnity Fund Failure/Liquidation Prompt Payment Penalties Lien
Alabama Ala. Code Tit. 2, Ch. 31 Ala. Code §2-31-3; 7; 9; 11 to 13 Ala. Code §2-31-4 to 5; 8 Ala. Code §2-31-10 Ala. Code §2-31-17 to 19  
Alaska Not Regulated
Arizona Not Regulated
Arkansas Ark. Code Ann. Tit. 2, Ch. 24 Ark. Code Ann. §2-24-104; 105 Ark. Code Ann. §2-24-106 Ark. Code Ann. §2-24-107 Ark. Code Ann. §2-24-110 Ark. Code Ann. §2-24-108; 109
California Cal. Food & Agric. Div. 20, Ch. 7, Art. 1-20 Cal. Food & Agric. §56133.5; 56181 to 56194; 56252.2 to 56253; 56301 Cal. Food & Agric. §56133.5; 56189.5 Cal. Food & Agric. §56252.2; 56255; 56381 to 56383; 56442 Cal. Food & Agric. §56302 to 56302.5 Cal. Food & Agric. §56441 to 56503; 56602 to 56623; 56631 to 56639; 56651 to 56652
Colorado Colo. Rev. Stat. Tit. 12, Art. 16, Part 1 Colo. Rev. Stat. §12-16-104 to 105; 107 to 108 Colo. Rev. Stat. §12-16-106 Colo. Rev. Stat. §12-16-107; 110.5 to 112 Colo. Rev. Stat. §12-16-113 Colo. Rev. Stat. §12-16-107 to 109; 114 to 116
Connecticut Not Regulated
Delaware Del. Code Ann. Tit. 3, Part 2, Ch. 25 Del. Code Ann. tit.3, §2502 to 2504; 2506; 2510 Del. Code Ann. tit.3, §2504 to 2505 Del. Code Ann. tit.3, §2508 to 2509 Del. Code Ann. tit.3, §2510 to 2511
Florida Fla. Stat. Tit. XXXV, Ch. 604 Fla. Stat. §604.17 to 19; 25 Fla. Stat. §604.19 to 21; 33 Fla. Stat. §604.21 to 23 Fla. Stat. §604.34 Fla. Stat. §604.19; 30
Georgia GA. Code Ann. Ch. 9, Art. 2; GA. Code Ann. Ch. 4, Art. 1 GA. Code Ann. §2-9-31 to 34; 36 to 37 GA. Code Ann. §2-9-33 to 35; GA. Code Ann. §10-4-12 GA. Code Ann. §2-9-32; 41 GA. Code Ann. §2-9-43; 45
Hawaii Not Regulated
Idaho Idaho Code Ann. Tit. 45, Ch. 18; Idaho Code Ann. Tit. 69, Ch. 18 Idaho Code. Ann. §69-503 to 504; 507 to 509; 519 Idaho Code. Ann. §69-503; 506; 522 Idaho Code. Ann. §69-503; 511; 515; 521 Idaho Code. Ann. §69-510  Idaho Code. Ann. §69-512 to 513 Idaho Code. Ann. §45-1802 to 1810
Illinois 240 Il. Comp Stat Act 40 240 Il. Comp. Stat. 40/5-30 to 35; 40/10-5 to 25; 40/15-5 to 45; 40/35-5 240 Il. Comp. Stat. 40/5-25; 40/10-5; 40/10-10 240 Il. Comp. Stat. 40/5-30; 40/30-5 to 25 240 Il. Comp. Stat. 40/20-5 to 25; 240 Il. Comp. Stat. 40/35-5 240 Il. Comp. Stat. 40/15-45
Indiana Ind. Code Ann. Art. 3, Ch. 7; Ind. Code Ann. Art. 4, Ch. 1-8 Ind. Code Ann. 26-3-7-4 to 4.1; 6 to 6.1; 7 to 8.5; 17.1 to 18; 29; 35 Ind. Code Ann. 26-3-7-9 to 10; 13 to 14; 16.5 Ind. Code Ann. 26-3-7-6.1; 16.5; 28; 33 Ind. Code Ann. 26-4-4-2 to 3; 8 to 9; Ind. Code Ann. 26-4-5-1 to 2; Ind. Code Ann. 26-4-6-1 to 8; Ind. Code Ann. 26-4-7-2 to 3 Ind. Code Ann. 26-3-7-17.1; 32; 34 Ind. Code Ann. 26-3-7-16.8
Iowa Iowa Code Ch. 203; Iowa Code Ch. 203D Iowa Code §203.1 -.10; §203.12;  §203.15; §203D.1 -D.4 Iowa Code §203.1 – 203.2; §203.3; §203.12; §203.12B; §203.15 -.1616; §203.19 Iowa Code §203.2; §203.9; §203.22 Iowa Code §203.1; §203.2A; §203.4 -.6; §203.11A; §203.12 – .12A; §203.15 – .16; §203.19; §203.22 Iowa Code §203.8; §203.15 Iowa Code §203.11 to 203.11B Iowa Code §203.12A
Kansas Not Regulated
Kentucky KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. Tit. XXI, Ch. 251; KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. Tit. XXIX, Ch. 263 KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §251.430 to 440; 470; 710 to 720 KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §251.451; 720 KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §251.480 to 500; 640; 730; KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §363.410 to 440 KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §251.640 to 680 KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §251.680 KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §251.990; KY. Rev. Stat. Ann. §363.991
Louisiana La. Rev. Stat. Ann. Title 3, Chapter 21 La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §3:3405; 3408; 3411 to 3412 La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §3:3410 to 3410.1; 3414.4 La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §3:3405 to 3406; 3413; 3419 La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §3:3410.2 La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §3:3407 La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §3:3414.1 to 3414.2; 3414.4 La. Rev. Stat. Ann. §3:3405 to 3406; 3414.4; 3424
Maine ME. Rev. Stat. Ann. Tit. 7, Part 2, Ch. 101, Sub-Ch. 2A ME. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 7, §454 to 455; 457 ME. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 7, §455; 459 ME. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 7, §456 ME. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 7, §460
Maryland MD. Code Ann., Agric., Tit. 13; Sub-Tit. 2 MD. Code Ann., Agric. §13-203; 208 to 210 MD. Code Ann., Agric. §13-212 MD. Code Ann., Agric. §13-204 MD. Code Ann., Agric. §13-214 to 216
Massachusetts Not Regulated
Michigan Mich. Comp. Laws Ch. 285 Mich. Comp. Laws §285.63 to .70; .77; .82 Mich. Comp. Laws §285.63; .88 Mich. Comp. Laws §285.63; .67; .73; .75 to .76; .82 Mich. Comp. Laws §285.86   Mich. Comp. Laws §285.83 to .85
Minnesota Minn. Stat. Ch. 223
Minn. Stat. §223.17 Minn. Stat. §223.17 Minn. Stat. §223.17 Minn. Stat. §232.17
Mississippi Miss. Code Ann. Title 75, Ch. 45, Art. 7 Miss. Code Ann. §75-45-304; 307 to 309 Miss. Code Ann. §75-45-305; 311 Miss. Code Ann. §75-45-309 Miss. Code Ann. §75-45-311 Miss. Code Ann. §75-45-315
Missouri Mo. Rev. Stat. Ch. 276 Mo. Rev. Stat. §276.406 -.423; .451-.456; .491-.496; .506-.511; .531; .571; .582 Mo. Rev. Stat. §276.421; .426-.441; .576-.581 Mo. Rev. Stat. §276.421-.423; .471-.476; .481 Mo. Rev. Stat. §276.501 Mo. Rev. Stat. §276.461 Mo. Rev. Stat. §276.406-.421; .486; .501; .536; .582
Montana Mont. Code Ann. Tit. 80, Ch. 4, Part 4; Mont. Code Ann. Tit. 80, Ch. 4, Part 6 Mont. Code Ann. §80-4-404; 406; 421; Mont. Code Ann. §80-6-601 to 603; 605 Mont. Code Ann. §80-4-405; 425; Mont. Code Ann. §80-6-604; 612; 614 Mont. Code Ann. §80-4-407 to 410; Mont. Code Ann. §80-6-601; 606; 613 Mont. Code Ann. §80-4-416; 419; Mont. Code Ann. §80-6-612 Mont. Code Ann. §80-4-422; Mont. Code Ann. §80-6-607 to 608 Mont. Code Ann. §80-4-426 to 429; Mont. Code Ann. §80-6-612 Mont. Code Ann. §80-4-420
Nebraska Neb. Rev. Stat. Ch. 75, Art. 9 Neb. Rev. Stat. §75-903 to 904 Neb. Rev. Stat. §75-903(4); §75-905 to 906 Neb. Rev. Stat. §75-903; §75-907.01 Neb. Rev. Stat. §75-905 Neb. Rev. Stat. §75-908 to 910
Nevada Not Regulated
New Hampshire Not Regulated
New Jersey Not Regulated
New Mexico N.M. Stat. Ann. Ch. 76, Art. 15 N.M. Stat. Ann. §76-15-14 to 15 N.M. Stat. Ann. §76-15-14 to 15; 21 N.M. Stat. Ann. §76-15-16 N.M. Stat. Ann. §76-15-19 to 20
New York Not Regulated
North Carolina N.C. Gen. Stat. Ch. 106, Art. 53 N.C. Gen. Stat. §106-602 to 604; 606 to 607; 610 to 611 N.C. Gen. Stat. §106-604 to 605 N.C. Gen. Stat. §106-609; 612 N.C. Gen. Stat. §106-614 to 615
North Dakota N.D. Cent. Code Ch 60-02.1 N.D. Cent. Code §60-02.1-07 to 07.1; 10 to 11; 22 N.D. Cent. Code §60-02.1-08 to 09; 30 to 31; 33 to 35; 37 N.D. Cent. Code §60-02.1-03 to 04; 16 to 17 N.D. Cent. Code §60-02.1-28; 30; 32 to 35; 37 N.D. Cent. Code §60-02.1-10; 13; 17; 25 N.D. Cent. Code §60-02.1-23
Ohio Ohio Rev. Code Ann. Ch. 926 Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §926.04 to .102; .12 to .13; .27 Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §926.11 Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §926.16 to .18 Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §926.14 to .141 Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §926.03; .15; .99 Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §926.021; .07
Oklahoma Not Regulated
Oregon OR. Rev. Stat. Ann. Tit. 47, Ch. 578; OR. Rev. Stat. Ann. Tit. 47, Ch. 576 OR. Rev. Stat. Ann. §578.110 OR. Rev. Stat. Ann. §578.190; 251 OR. Rev. Stat. Ann. §576.705 OR. Rev. Stat. Ann. §578.225; 260; 990
Pennsylvania Not Regulated
Rhode Island Not Regulated
South Carolina S.C. Code Ann. Tit. 46, Ch. 40; S.C. Code Ann. Tit. 46, Ch. 41, Art. 1; S.C. Code Ann. Tit. 46, Ch. 41, Art. 2;  S.C. Code Ann. Tit.46, Ch. 42 S.C. Code Ann. §46-41-40 to 50; 120 to 130 S.C. Code Ann. §46-41-60 to 70 S.C. Code Ann. §46-41-90 to 110; 240; S.C. Code Ann. §46-42-10 to 50 S.C. Code Ann. §46-40-40 to 100; S.C. Code Ann. §46-41-220 to 230; 250 S.C. Code Ann. §46-41-30; 170; S.C. Code Ann. §46-41-240; S.C. Code Ann. §46-42-80
South Dakota S.D. Codified Laws Ch. 49-43 S.D. Codified Laws §49-43-1; 3; 6 to 8; 16; 19; 28 S.D. Codified Laws §49-43-6; 9 to 9.1; 17 S.D. Codified Laws §49-43-13; 14; 18; 23; 26 S.D. Codified Laws §49-43-10 S.D. Codified Laws §49-43-9; 13.1; 14; 22; 25 to 27
Tennessee Tenn. Code Ann. Ch. 32 Tenn. Code Ann. §43-32-103; 105; 107; 109 Tenn. Code Ann. §43-32-106 Tenn. Code Ann. §43-32-107 Tenn. Code Ann. §43-32-202 to 213 Tenn. Code Ann. §43-32-108; 211 Tenn. Code Ann. §43-32-109
Texas Tex. Agric. Code Ann. Ch. 41 Tex. Agric. Code Ann. §41.206-.211; .214
Utah Not Regulated
Vermont Not Regulated
Virginia VA. Code Ann. Tit. 3.2; Sub-Tit. III; Ch. 47; Art. 4 VA. Code Ann. §3.2-4754 to 4755; 4760 to 4761 VA. Code Ann. §3.2-4755 to 4757 VA. Code Ann. §3.2-4759; 4762 VA. Code Ann. §3.2-4763
Washington Wash. Rev. Code Ann. Ch. 22.09 Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §22.09.035; .045; .055 to .080 Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §22.09.060, .090 to .100; .381; .570 to .615 Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §22.09.020; .170; .180; .200; .340 to 345; .381; .650; .830 Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §22.09.405 to 471 Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §22.09.150; .391 Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §22.09.620 to .630 Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §22.09.870; .890 to .895 Wash. Rev. Code Ann. §22.09.371; .391
West Virginia W.VA. Code Ann. Ch. 19, Art. 3 W.VA. Code Ann. §19-3-1; 3 W.VA. Code Ann. §19-3-2; 4 W.VA. Code Ann. §19-3-5
Wisconsin Wis. Stat. Ch. 126, Sub-Tit. 1, 2, 3, 7, 8 Wis. Stat. §126.11 Wis. Stat. §126.06; 16; 71 to 73 Wis. Stat. §126.13; 17; 70 Wis. Stat. §126.05; 14 to 15; 88 Wis. Stat. §126.85 to 87
Wyoming Wyo. Stat. Ann. Tit. 29, Ch. 8   Wyo. Stat. Ann. §29-8-102 to 108