Case Law Index Landowner Liability

January 1, 1985 – November 8, 2021

This index provides a comprehensive though not necessarily exhaustive compilation of reported and unreported federal and state court decisions involving Landowner Liability that were decided between the dates listed above. The cases are listed in reverse chronological order.The “Text” link goes to the freely available Google Scholar text of the opinion.  These listings are for educational purposes only, and are not a substitute for legal counsel.

Editor’s Note: This index reflects only those Landowner Liability cases that deal with agricultural facts or agriculture issues. It should be remembered that non-agricultural facts or non-agriculture issues might be more analogous to a practitioner’s fact situation and should also be consulted.



Garvine v. Maryland, No. CV JMC-17-01013, 2018 WL 4206935 (D. Md. Sept. 4, 2018) (plaintiff fell off horse while participating in charity horse ride)

Zuckerman v. Coastal Camps, Inc., 716 F.Supp.2d 23, 2010 WL 2301145 (D. Me. 2010) (Maine Equine Activities Act) Text


Zenith Ins. Co. v. Wells Fargo Ins. Servs. of Pennsylvania, Inc., No. CIV.A. 10-5433, 2014 WL 54450 (E.D. Pa. Jan. 7, 2014)(struck by cow at bed and breakfast) Text

DeShields v. Int’l Resort Properties Ltd., 463 F. App’x 117 (3d Cir. 2012)(while vacationing rider was injured on horse trail ride) Text

Hickerson v. New Jersey, No. 08-1033 (AET), 2009 WL 3296529 (D.N.J. Oct. 13, 2009) (claim that state wildlife area was injuring organic farmland) Text

Mest v. Cabot Corp., 449 F.3d 502 (3d Cir. 2006) (tolling statute of limitations for discovery of land contamination)   Text

Reynolds v. Rick’s Mushroom Serv., Inc., 246 F.Supp.2d 449 (E.D. Pa. 2003) (Clean Water Act)   Text

United States v. Brace, 41 F.3d 117 (3d Cir. 1994) (alleged violation of Clean Water Act)  Text


Marks v. Scottsdale Ins. Co., 791 F.3d 448 (4th Cir. 2015)(non member of hunting club sued hunting club and insurer over being shot by member) Text

Maloney v. Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC, No. CA 8:11-381-HMH, 2011 WL 1343388 (D.S.C. Apr. 8, 2011)( injuries after falling from a rope swing) Text

United States v. Rinaudo, 684 F. Supp. 2d 675 (E.D.N.C. 2010) (prohibition on nudity not unconstitutional in wildlife refuge) Text

Am. Canoe Ass’n v. Murphy Farms, Inc., 326 F.3d 505 (4th Cir. 2003) (Clean Water Act)   Text


Brit UW Ltd. v. Hallister Prop. Dev., LLC, 6 F. Supp. 3d 1321 (N.D. Ga. 2014), appeal dismissed (Sept. 23, 2014)(insurer sues over indemnifying owner regarding person thrown from horse) Text

Longino v. U.S. Dep’t of Agric., 912 F. Supp. 2d 424 (W.D. La. 2012)(horse rider electrocuted by low hanging line) Text

Allement v. Ameristep Corp., No. CIV.A. 11-713-BAJ-CN, 2012 WL 676456 (M.D. La. Jan. 26, 2012) report and recommendation adopted, No. CIV.A. 11-713-BAJ-CN, 2012 WL 672583 (M.D. La. Feb. 29, 2012)(deer hunter sued landowner after falling out of deer stand)

Albert v. Peavey Co., No. 04-1611, 2009 WL 321934 (E.D. La. Feb. 6, 2009) (burden of establishing “generally accepted ag practices”)

Woods v. United States, 909 F. Supp. 437 (W.D. La. 1995) aff’d, 84 F.3d 432 (5th Cir. 1996) (alleging government’s failure to warn of possible danger at lake)   Text

Brown v. Scott Paper Co., 684 F. Supp. 1392 (S.D. Miss. 1987) (negligence action; “simple-negligence” exception)   Text

Harlan v. Frazier, 635 F. Supp. 718 (W.D. La. 1986) aff’d, 811 F.2d 601 (5th Cir. 1987) and aff’d, 811 F.2d 601 (5th Cir. 1987) (immunity of recreational land owner)   Text


Mobley v. United States, No. 3:15-CV-69, 2016 WL 5930957 (S.D. Ohio Oct. 12, 2016) (under the West Virginia Recreational Use Statute the U.S. was not liable when plaintiff was injured at national park)

Smith v. Holler Crawlers Off-Rd. Club, Inc., No. CIV. 6:13-200, 2014 WL 4795031 (E.D. Ky. Sept. 25, 2014)(atv operator injured by underage operator) Text

Malburg v. Grate, No. 11-14856, 2014 WL 4473786 (E.D. Mich. Sept. 9, 2014)(farm worker injured by tractor trailer while loading pigs) Text

Malburg v. Grate, No. 11-14856, 2013 WL 4784436 (E.D. Mich. Sept. 6, 2013)(farm worker injured by tractor trailer while loading pigs) Text

Meridan Citizens Mut. Ins. Co. v. Horton, No. 5:08-CV-302-KKC, 2010 WL 1253084 (E.D. Ky. Mar. 25, 2010) (coverage of insurance policy) Text

Young v. McCord, No. 05-358-KSF, 2007 WL 2407268 (E.D. Ky. Aug. 20, 2007) (proof of ownership of bull roaming “at large”) Text

Lawson v. Dutch Heritage Farms, Inc., 502 F.Supp.2d 698 (N.D. Ohio 2007) (state equine activity liability act)   Text

Gardner v. Simon, 445 F.Supp.2d 786 (W.D. Mich. 2006) (state equine liability act)  Text

Bradshaw v. Tri-County of Sw. Michigan Snowmobile Club, 1:93-CV-834, 1994 WL 841291 (W.D. Mich. Dec. 20, 1994) aff’d, 82 F.3d 417 (6th Cir. 1996) (negligence action)


Test Drilling Serv. Co. v. Hanor Co., Inc., 322 F.Supp.2d 965 (C.D. Ill. 2004) (property damage)   Text

Ansick v. Hillenbrand Indus., Inc., 933 F. Supp. 773 (S.D. Ind. 1996) (guest’s action against owner of recreational farm)   Text


Moss v. United States, No. 4:12-CV-4030, 2017 WL 1158087 (W.D. Ark. Mar. 28, 2017), aff’d, 895 f.3d 1091 (8th Cir. 2018) (campers died when campsite flooded; federal government immune under Arkansas Recreational Use Statute).

In re Hammen, 399 B.R. 867 (Bankr. N.D. Iowa 2009) (liability for building pond that encroached on neighbor’s property)  Text

Bailly v. Thompson, No. 06-4925 (RHK/AJB), 2008 WL 2229022 (D. Minn. May 27, 2008) (duty of care owed to entrants) Text

King v. Turtle River Riding Ranch, CIV A2-98-98, 1999 WL 33283360 (D.N.D. June 8, 1999) (horseback rider’s action for personal injuries)


Stringer v. United States Dep’t of Agric., 691 F. App’x 381 (9th Cir. 2017) (Oregon recreational use statute bared claim by snowmobiler injured in national forest)

Winters v. United States, 655 F. App’x 547 (9th Cir. 2016) (motorcyclists injured when he hit a pothole on the road in national forest; federal government immune under California recreational use statute)

Mohler v. Kipu Ranch Adventures, LLC, No. CIV. 13-00611 JMS, 2014 WL 5817538 (D. Haw. Nov. 7, 2014)(atv injury while on tour)

United States v. Sierra Pac. Indus., 879 F. Supp. 2d 1096 (E.D. Cal. 2012)(fire that spread onto federal lands) Text

Diamond State Ins. Co. v. Deardorff, No. 1:10-CV-004 AWI JLT, 2011 WL 1459018 (E.D. Cal. Apr. 15, 2011)(Subrogation claim against boarder of horses for deaths that occurred)

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2010 WL 1248286 (D. Idaho Mar. 24, 2010) (denying motion for new trial) Text

Britz Fertilizers, Inc. v. Bayer Corp., 665 F.Supp.2d 1142 (E.D. Cal. 2009) (claim for indemnity; damages from pesticide application)  Text

Ellwood v. United States, No. 07-6225-TC, 2009 WL 3125480 (D. Or. Sept. 25, 2009) (recreational use statute)

Red Rivers Farms v. United States, No. CV 08-2078-PHX-NVW, 2009 WL 2983195 (D. Ariz. Sept. 25, 2009) (reimbursement for oil spill clean up costs) Text

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2009 WL 2515848 (D. Idaho Aug. 11, 2009) (denying motion to limit testimony of crop expert witnesses in pesticide drift case) Text

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2009 WL 2584825 (D. Idaho Aug. 8, 2009) (denying agency’s motion for judgment on liability issue)

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2009 WL 2391982 (D. Idaho Aug. 2, 2009) (motion to exclude expert witness in pesticide drift case)

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2009 WL 2391996 (D. Idaho Aug. 1, 2009) (denying motion to strike expert witnesses)

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2009 WL 2139699 (D. Idaho July 14, 2009) (dismissal of fraud claim that drift pesticide would not persist in soil) Text

Adams v. United States, No. CV-03-49-E-BLW, 2009 WL 1758417 (D. Idaho June 18, 2009) (denial of motion to exclude testimony of crop experts) Text

Adams v. United States, No. CV-03-49-E-BLW, 2009 WL 1705671 (D. Idaho June 16, 2009) (objections to deposition of crop expert)

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2009 WL 1532282 (D. Idaho May 29, 2009) (challenging expert witness in pesticide drift case)

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2009 WL 1505280 (D. Idaho May 26, 2009) (denial of motion to exclude evidence in pesticide drift case)

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2009 WL 1505569 (D. Idaho May 22, 2009) (denial of motion to exclude testimony of crop damage experts)

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2009 WL 1371000 (D. Idaho May 13, 2009) (motion to exclude evidence in pesticide drift case)

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2009 WL 1324227 (D. Idaho May 7, 2009) (denying motion to exclude expert testimony) Text

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2009 WL 1269732 (D. Idaho May 6, 2009) (granting motion to exclude subsequent remedial measures evidence) Text

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2009 WL 1269725 (D. Idaho May 5, 2009) (granting exclusion of evidence in pesticide drift case) Text

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2009 WL 1259025 (D. Idaho May 4, 2009) (issue preclusion) Text

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2009 WL 1259019 (D. Idaho May 3, 2009) (motion in limine in pesticide drift case)

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2009 WL 1148232 (D. Idaho Apr. 27, 2009) (denying motion to exclude expert testimony)

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2009 WL 1117392 (D. Idaho Apr. 23, 2009) (denial of production of estimates on pesticide drift damages’ sheets) Text

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2009 WL 1079065 (D. Idaho Apr. 22, 2009) (motion to deny expert testimony of weed scientist)

Schmidt v. Hoover, No. C. 08-5809 PJH, 2009 WL 1011715 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 15, 2009) (open space; injuries caused by bull trampling)

Adams v. United States, 662 F.Supp.2d 996 (D. Idaho 2009) (motions to exclude certain evidence and other claims in pesticide drift case)

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2008 WL 5429801 (D. Idaho Dec. 31, 2008) (motion for protective order; motion to strike witnesses in pesticide drift case)

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2008 WL 4998393 (D. Idaho Nov. 21, 2008) (motion to exclude some expert testimony) Text

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2008 WL 2704553 (D. Idaho July 3, 2008) (discovery disputes in pesticide drift case)

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2008 WL 346017 (D. Idaho Feb. 6, 2008) (motion to exclude evidence and testimony in pesticide drift case) Text

Adams v. United States, No. 03-0049-E-BLW, 2006 WL 3314571 (D. Idaho Nov. 14, 2006) (discovery disputes in pesticide drift case) Text

O’Toole v. United States, 295 F.3d 1029 (9th 2002) (negligent maintenance of irrigation system)  Text

King v. CJM Country Stables, 315 F.Supp.2d 1061 (D. Haw. 2004) (recreational use statute)  Text

Hiebenthal v. Meduri Farms, 242 F.Supp.2d 885 (D. Or. 2002) (Clean Water Act)

Comm. Ass’n for Restoration of the Env’t v. Henry Bosma Dairy, 305 F.3d 943 (9th Cir. 2002) (Clean Water Act)   Text

Neal v. Bently Nevada Corp., 771 F. Supp. 1068 (D. Nev. 1991) aff’d, 5 F.3d 538 (9th Cir. 1993) (alleged negligence)   Text


Wales v. Farmers Stockyards, Inc., No. 5:14-CV-394-JMH, 2016 WL 927178 (E.D. Ky. Mar. 10, 2016) (child fell off catwalk while viewing livestock at stockyard; claim of common law negligence) Text

Welch v. Cabelka, No. 07-6298, 2008 WL 5160109 (10th Cir. Dec. 10, 2008) (wrongful death; driver hitting a wheat drill)

Christensen v. United States, No. 07-4133, 2008 WL 2694059 (10th Cir. July 9, 2008) (no breach of duty to protect against horse tripping)

Valley View Angus Ranch v. Duke Energy Field Serv., LP, No. CIV-04-191-D, 2009 WL 1902435 (W.D. Okla. Apr. 25, 2008) (real party in interest to bring a nuisance claim) Text

Christensen v. United States, No. 2:05CV55DAK, 2007 WL 1467347 (D. Utah May 18, 2007) (no breach of duty when horse tripped) Text

Valley View Angus Ranch v. Duke Energy Field Serv., LP, No. CIV-04-191-D, 2009 WL 1902435 (W.D. Okla. Apr. 25, 2008) (real party in interest to bring a nuisance claim)

Christensen v. United States, No. 2:05CV55DAK, 2007 WL 1467347 (D. Utah May 18, 2007) (no breach of duty when horse tripped)

Street v. Darwin Ranch, Inc., 75 F. Supp. 2d 1296 (D. Wyo. 1999) (horse rider’s action against dude ranch operator)   Text

Sulzen ex rel. Holton v. United States, 54 F. Supp. 2d 1212 (D. Utah 1999) (alleged failure to keep the area safe and failure to warn of a dangerous condition)   Text


Fisherman Against Destruction of Env’t, Inc. v. Closter Farms, Inc., 300 F.3d 1294 (11th Cir. 2002) (Clean Water Act)   Text


A Tumbling-T Ranches v. Flood Control Dist. of Maricopa County, 217 P.3d 1220 (Ariz. Ct. App. 2009) (claim of damages against flood control district)  Text

Pride of San Juan, Inc. v. Pratt, 212 P.3d 29 (Ariz. Ct. App. 2009) (vicarious liability for negligence of crop duster)  Text

Tumbling-T Ranches v. Flood Control Dist. of Maricopa County, 204 P.3d 1051 (Ariz. Ct. App. 2008) (damages from breach of dam and flooding) Text

Gill v. Sierra Farming P’ship, Nos. 2-CA-CV 2007-0115, 2 CA-CV 2008-0006, 2008 WL 2168015 (Ariz. Ct. App. May 23, 2008) (duty owed to trespasser)

Brookover v. Roberts Enter., Inc., 156 P.3d 1157 (Ariz. Ct. App. 2007) (duty of care owed in open range territory)   Text


Brewer v. Atkinson, 262 So. 3d 663 (Ala. Civ. App. 2018) (plaintiff brought action against cow owner, landowner, and nursery business operated by cow owner and landowner when he hit a cow on the highway)

Gebauer v. Lake Forest Prop. Owners Ass’n, Inc., 723 So. 2d 1288 (Ala. Civ. App. 1998) (failure to prove that keeping potbellied pig as pet created nuisance)   Text

Ford v. Bynum Livestock & Comm’n Co., Inc., 674 So. 2d 600 (Ala. Civ. App. 1995) (invitee’s action for injuries against landowner)   Text

Orr By & Through Orr v. Turney, 535 So. 2d 150 (Ala. 1988) (duty to exercise ordinary care toward visitor)   Text


Smith v. Almida Land & Cattle Co., LLC, No. 1 CA-CV 13-0757, 2015 WL 894519 (Ariz. Ct. App. Mar. 3, 2015)(motorcycle collided with fence) Text

Dawson v. Yuma Irr. Dist., No. 1 CA-CV 12-0017, 2012 WL 5857343 (Ariz. Ct. App. Nov. 15, 2012)(irrigation district released too much water and damaged property) Text

Conant v. Whitney, 947 P.2d 864 (Ariz. Ct. App. 1997) (action for injuries against cattle rancher)   Text

Callender v. MCO Properties, 885 P.2d 123 (Ariz. Ct. App. 1994) (alleging negligence and failure to warn)   Text

Carrow Co. v. Lusby, 804 P.2d 747 (Ariz. 1990) (heifer owner’s duty of ordinary care to travelers on public highway)   Text

Roer v. Buckeye Irr. Co., 809 P.2d 970 (Ariz. Ct. App. 1990) (alleged negligence had caused land to become waterlogged)   Text

Rodriguez v. Schlittenhart, 780 P.2d 442 (Ariz. Ct. App. 1989) (action for injuries on farm)   Text

Dolezal v. Carbrey, 778 P.2d 1261 (Ariz. Ct. App. 1989) (action to recover for injuries caused by runaway horse)   Text

Webster v. Culbertson, 761 P.2d 1063 (Ariz. 1988) (trespasser’s action for injuries)   Text


Wilson v. Greg Williams Farm, Inc., 2014 Ark. App. 334, 436 S.W.3d 485 (2014), reh’g denied (July 23, 2014) (aerial herbicide drift onto neighbor’s property) Text

Wrinkle v. Norman, 242 P.3d 1216 (Kan. Ct. App. 2010) (liability for injuries sustained herding cattle on neighboring property)  Text

Schmoll v. Hartford Cas. Ins. Co., 290 S.W.3d 41 (Ark. Ct. App. 2008) (liability for burial costs for cattle injured in truck collision)  Text

Vereen v. Hargrove, 96 S.W.3d 762 (Ark. Ct. App. 2003) (no breach of lease for providing water to neighbor)  Text

Mangrum v. Pigue, 198 S.W.3d 496 (Ark. 2004) (pesticide drift)   Text

McCorkle Farms, Inc. v. Thompson, 84 S.W.3d 884 (Ark. Ct. App. 2002) (pesticide drift)  Text

Arkansas State Highway Comm’n v. Townsend, 858 S.W.2d 66 (Ark. 1993) (precluding landowner from maintaining structures on highway)   Text

Dorton v. Francisco, 833 S.W.2d 362 (Ark. 1992) (injured nonemployee was implied invitee or licensee)   Text


Ruckman v. Wildwood Farms, 2021 Cal. App. Unpub. (2021) (plaintiffs injured by explosion on neighboring farm during third party excavation) Text

Wang v. Nibbelink, 4 Cal. App. 5th 1, 208 Cal. Rptr. 3d 461 (Cal. Ct. App. 2016) (plaintiff trampled by runaway horse on neighboring property sued meadow owners) Text

Barrett v. Leech, No. D063991, 2014 WL 3659366 (Cal. Ct. App. July 24, 2014)(Farrier died after being knocked over by horse, estate sued for premises liability) Text

Monroe v. Yurosek Farms LLC, No. F066028, 2014 WL 905330 (Cal. Ct. App. Mar. 7, 2014)(atv rider injured by cable) Text

Thomas v. Stenberg, 206 Cal. App. 4th 654, 142 Cal. Rptr. 3d 24 (2012)(motorcycle collision with cows on private road) Text

Reizner v. Avakian, No. F060787, 2011 WL 6145134 (Cal. Ct. App. Dec. 12, 2011)(injury when butted by ram) Text

Eriksson v. Nunnink, 120 Cal.Rptr.3d 90 (Cal. Ct. App. 2011) (wrongful death claim against equestrian coach)  Text

Kelly v. CB&I Constructors, Inc., 102 Cal. Rptr.3d 32 (Cal. Ct. App. 2009) (damages for fire at a ranch)   Text

Van Alstyne v. Carter, No. C056440, 2009 WL 990756 (Cal. Ct. App. Apr. 14, 2009) (no negligence in causing water table to rise and damaging neighbor’s alfalfa) Text

Cohen v. Five Brooks Stable, 159 Cal.App.4th 1476 (Cal. Ct. App. 2008) (extent of release; assumption of the risk)  Text

Eriksson v. Cal. State Univ., Fresno, No. F01229, 2007 WL 2729872 (Cal. Ct. App. Sept. 20, 2007) (assumption of the risk by horse rider) Text

Starrh & Starrh Cotton Growers v. Aera Energy LLC, 153 Cal.App.4th 583 (Cal. Ct. App. 2007) (subsurface trespass) Text

Christopherson v. Hamm, No. C051495, 2006 WL 3117840 (Cal. Ct. App. Nov. 3, 2006) (landlord liability for injuries caused by a tenant’s dog)

Austin v. Bear Valley Springs Ass’n, No. F047930, 2006 WL 2499135 (Cal. Ct. App. Aug. 30, 2006) (immunity from recreational use statute)

McDaniel v. Swarts, No. A108288, 2005 WL 2857760 (Cal. Ct. App. Oct. 31, 2005) (duty owed to child invitee)

Esraelo v. Chavez, No. F041502, 2004 WL 396875 (Cal. Ct. App. Mar. 4, 2004) (assumption of the risk)

Neil Bassetti Farms v. Tierra AG Spraying, Inc., No. F040302, 2003 WL 22079510 (Cal. Ct. App. Sept. 9, 2003) (pesticide drift)

Sumpter v. Clark, Nos. A093280, A094053, 2002 WL 863173 (Cal. Ct. App. May 6, 2002) (trespass and nuisance by neighboring land owner)

Shipman v. Boething Treeland Farms, Inc., 77 Cal. App. 4th 1424 (Cal. Ct. App. 2000) disapproved of by Klein v. United States, 235 P.3d 42 (Cal. 2010) (duty of due care to trespasser under recreational use statute)   Text

Harrold v. Rolling J Ranch, 19 Cal. App. 4th 578 (Cal. Ct. App. 1993) (negligence action against resort and riding stable)   Text

Lucas v. George T. R. Murai Farms, Inc., 15 Cal. App. 4th 1578 (Cal. Ct. App. 1993) (action against landowner to recover for injuries caused by fire)   Text

Loving v. Tenneco W., Inc., 14 Cal. App. 4th 1272 (Cal. Ct. App. 1993) (negligence action against landowner by rescuer)

Ornelas v. Randolph, 847 P.2d 560 (Cal. 1993) (landowner’s immunity)   Text

County of Sonoma v. Rex, 231 Cal. App. 3d 1289 (Cal. Ct. App. 1991) (commercial bed and breakfast inn on agricultural land)   Text

Weaver v. Bishop, 206 Cal. App. 3d 1351 (Cal. Ct. App. 1988) (action to recover damages for land erosion)   Text

Lussier v. San Lorenzo Valley Water Dist., 206 Cal. App. 3d 92 (Cal. Ct. App. 1988) (action to recover for damages against water district)   Text

Charpentier v. Von Geldern, 191 Cal. App. 3d 101(Cal. Ct. App. 1987) (recreational trespasser’s action for injuries)   Text

Salton Bay Marina, Inc. v. Imperial Irr. Dist., 165 Cal. App. 3d 952 (Cal. Ct. App. 1985) (action for damages against irrigation district)

Davert v. Larson, 163 Cal. App. 3d 407 (Cal. Ct. App. 1985) (liability for damages caused by collision with a horse)   Text



Canody v. United States, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 39868 (D. Colo.) (state premises liability act) Text

Mikes v. Burnett, 2013 COA 97 (steer turned on neighbor who tried to help herd it back in) Text

Hamill v. Cheley Colorado Camps, Inc., 262 P.3d 945 (Colo. App. 2011) (horse riding injury) Text

Beaver Creek Ranch, Ltd. P’ship v. Gordman Leverich Ltd. Liab. Ltd. P’ship, 226 P.3d 1155, 2009 WL 1491296 (Colo. Ct. App. 2009) (adverse possession of ranch land) Text

Clyncke v. Waneka, 157 P.3d 1072 (Colo. 2007) (state equine activities act)   Text

Harsh v. Cure Feeders, L.L.C., 116 P.3d 1286 (Colo. Ct. App. 2005) (damage by trespassing animals)   Text

Oliver v. Amity Mut. Irrigation Co., 994 P.2d 495 (Colo. Ct. App. 1999) (suit against irrigation company for damage to property from flooding)   Text

Bittersweet Farms, Inc. v. Zimbelman, 976 P.2d 326 (Colo. Ct. App. 1998) (negligence and trespass actions against upstream farm owners)   Text

Bijou Irr. Dist. v. Empire Club, 804 P.2d 175 (Colo. 1991) (action to enjoin landowners’ use of reservoir)   Text

Heil Valley Ranch, Inc. v. Simkin, 784 P.2d 781 (Colo. 1989) (horseback rider’s action to recover damages against ranch)   Text

Gonzales By & Through Gonzales v. Bierman, 773 P.2d 629 (Colo. Ct. App. 1989) (landlord’s liability to victim injured when automobile struck tenants’ escaped horse)   Text

Denver & Rio Grande W. R. Co. v. Forster, 773 P.2d 612 (Colo. Ct. App. 1989) (denying railroad’s action to enjoin landowners from flood irrigating)   Text

Simkin v. Heil Valley Ranch, Inc., 765 P.2d 582 (Colo. Ct. App. 1988) rev’d, 784 P.2d 781 (Colo. 1989) (release agreement does not preclude suit against ranch)   Text



Vendrella v. Astriab Family Ltd. P’ship, No. CV085021342S, 2015 WL 4775334 (Conn. Super. Ct. July 2, 2015)(horse bite)

Squinobal v. Zenko, No. FBTCV116018033, 2015 WL 3555284 (Conn. Super. Ct. May 8, 2015)(injury while carrying bale of hay)

Vendrella v. Astriab Family Ltd. P’ship, 311 Conn. 301, 87 A.3d 546 (2014)(horse bite) Text

Vendrella v. Astriab Family Ltd. P’ship, 133 Conn. App. 630, 36 A.3d 707 (2012) aff’d, 311 Conn. 301, 87 A.3d 546 (2014)(horse bite) Text

Van Hoesen v. Dolen, 94 A.D.3d 1264, 942 N.Y.S.2d 650 (2012)(horse bite) Text

Reilly v. Leasure, No. FSTCV085009675S, 2011 WL 3427213 (Conn. Super. Ct. July 12, 2011)(negligence action after horse kick)

Reilly v. Leasure, No. FSTCV085009675S, 2010 WL 4611891 (Conn. Oct. 22, 2010) (negligence action after horse kick)

Vendrella v. Astrialab Family Ltd. Partnership, No. CV085021342S, 2010 WL 422076 (Conn. Super. Ct. Sept. 16, 2010) (owner of horse liable for injury only if constructive knowledge of vicious propensity is found)

Dow-Westbrook, Inc. v. Candlewood Equine Practice, 989 A.2d 1075, 2010 WL 724193 (Conn. App. Ct. 2010) (liability for injuries to a horse while at vet clinic) Text

Modugno v. Colony Farms of Colchester, Inc., 954 A.2d 270 (Conn. App. Ct. 2008) (liability for patron tripping at farm stand)  Text

Dow-West Brook, Inc. v. Candlewood Equine, No. CV064004668S, 2008 WL 2252589 (Conn. Super. Ct. May 14, 2008) (negligent boarding of a horse)

Reardon v. Windswept Farm, LLC, 905 A.2d 1156 (Conn. 2006) (release signed by horse rider) Text

Kolodziej v. Durham Agricultural Fair Ass’n, Inc., 901 A.2d 1242 (Conn. App. Ct. 2006) (duty of care owed to fair visitors)  Text

Malloy v. Town of Colchester, 858 A.2d 813 (Conn. App. Ct. 2004) (duty of care with roaming livestock)   Text

Pestey v. Cushman, 788 A.2d 496 (Conn. 2002) (private nuisance)  Text

Pestey v. Cushman, 1994 WL 720359 (Conn. Super. Ct. 1994) (action against dairy farmers, including nuisance claim)

Wilkinson v. Inland Wetlands & Watercourses Comm’n of Town of Killingworth, 586 A.2d 631 (Conn. App. Ct. 1991) (dispute over permit to conduct certain activities in a wetlands area)   Text


Kalb v. Council, No. CIV.A. N12C-02172EMD, 2013 WL 1934665 (Del. Super. May 8, 2013) appeal dismissed sub nom. Burnett v. Kalb, 69 A.3d 370 (Del. 2013)(kicked by horse) Text

Higgins v. Walls, 901 A.2d 122 (Del. Super. Ct. 2005) (public recreation statute)   Text


Fla. Power & Light Co. v. Morris, 944 So.2d 407 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2006) (livestock license imposed no duty to maintain fences)   Text

Fisel v. Wynns, 667 So. 2d 761 (Fla. 1996) (suit against owner of cow strayed onto road through open gate)   Text

Robins v. Walter, 670 So. 2d 971 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1995) (action to enjoin from operating bed and breakfast)   Text

Dyals v. Hodges, 659 So. 2d 482 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1995) (wrongful death action)   Text

Pasco County v. Tampa Farm Serv., Inc., 573 So. 2d 909 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1990) (waste disposal, right to farm)   Text


Newton v. Jacobs, 358 Ga. App. 180 (Ga. Ct. App. 2021) (Georgia Prescribed Burning Act shields Defendant from liability) Text

Burns v. Leap, 645 S.E.2d 751 (Ga. Ct. App. 2007) (vicious propensity of horse)   Text

Gibson v. Huffman, 540 S.E.2d 222 (Ga. Ct. App. 2000) (alleged violation of restrictive covenant by residential development)   Text

Bridges Farm, Inc. v. Blue, 472 S.E.2d 465 (Ga. Ct. App. 1996), aff’d in part, rev’d in part sub nom., Bridges Farms, Inc. v. Blue, 480 S.E.2d 598 (Ga. 1997) and vacated, 488 S.E.2d 130 (Ga. Ct. App. 1997) (farm visitor’s action for injuries against farm owner)   Text

Smoky, Inc. v. McCray, 396 S.E.2d 794 (Ga. Ct. App. 1990) (negligence action against ranch) Text

Holbrook v. Davison, 375 S.E.2d 840 (Ga. 1989) (alleged violation of restrictive covenants by using lots to maintain cows and horses)   Text



Spittler v. Charbonneau, 145 Haw. 204, 449 P.3d 1202 (Ct. App. 2019) (landowner alleged nuisance and trespass against adjoining landowners for trees dropping leaves and branches and roots creating poor growing conditions on landowner’s property) Text


Enriquez v. Idaho Power Co., 152 Idaho 562, 272 P.3d 534 (2012)(farm worker injured by electrically charged sprinkler) Text

McAnally v. Bonjac, Inc., 50 P.3d 983 (Idaho 2002) (jurisdiction)   Text

Bramwell v. S. Rigby Canal Co., 39 P.3d 588 (Idaho 2001) (negligence action against canal operator)   Text

Crea v. Crea, 16 P.3d 922 (Idaho 2000) (determination that expanded farrow-to-finish hog operation was private nuisance)   Text

Stott By & Through Dougall v. Finney, 950 P.2d 709 (Idaho 1997) (alleged failure of earthen dam constructed to provide wildlife habitat)   Text

Powell v. Sellers, 937 P.2d 434 (Idaho Ct. App. 1997) (dispute over terms of stipulation concerning drainage ditch between landowners)   Text


Raab v. Frank, 2019 IL 124641 (motorist collided with cow on highway and sued owner, owner filed third-party complaint against neighboring landowners) Text

Allendorf v. Redfearn, 2011 IL App (2d) 110130, 954 N.E.2d 414 (farm employee injured on ATV while rounding up livestock) Text

Toftoy v. Rosenwinkel, 2011 IL App (2d) 100565, 961 N.E.2d 363 rev’d, 2012 IL 113569, 983 N.E.2d 463 (nuisance claim regarding stable flies from neighbor) Text

Beggs v. Griffith, 913 N.E.2d 1230 (Ill. App. Ct. 2009) (damages for injuries caused by horses stabled on property)  Text

Halpin v. Schultz, 917 N.E.2d 436 (Ill. 2009) (liability for damages to crops in repairing drainage tile)  Text

Halpin v. Schultz, 887 N.E.2d 811 (Ill. App. Ct. 2008) (asking for right to enter to repair drainage)  Text

File v. Duewer, 869 N.E.2d 432 (Ill. App. Ct. 2007) (state animal control act)  Text

Morris ex rel. Morris v. Williams, 834 N.E.2d 622 (Ill. App. Ct. 2005) (duty owed to trespassers)  Text

Kleiss v. Bozdech, 811 N.E.2d 330 (Ill. App. Ct. 2004) (herbicide drift)   Text

Bogner v. Villiger, 796 N.E.2d 679 (Ill. App. Ct. 2003) (injunction to prevent operation of irrigation equipment in cemetery)  Text

Geddes v. Mill Creek Country Club, Inc., 751 N.E.2d 1150 (Ill. 2001) (trespass and private nuisance claim against owner of golf course)   Text

Douglass v. Dolan, 675 N.E.2d 1012 (Ill. App. Ct. 1997) (alleged negligence and violation of the Domestic Animals Running at Large Act)   Text

Snyder v. Olmstead, 634 N.E.2d 756 (Ill. App. Ct. 1994) (no immunity to landowner who invited private guests onto property)   Text

Phillips v. Cmty. Ctr. Found. & Children’s Farm, 606 N.E.2d 447 (Ill. App. Ct. 1992) (personal injury action against owner of educational farm)   Text

Hutchings v. Bauer, 571 N.E.2d 169 (Ill. App. Ct. 1991) rev’d, 599 N.E.2d 934 (Ill. 1992) (landowner’s duty of care to motorcyclist who collided with barrier)   Text

Lane v. Titchenel, 562 N.E.2d 1194 (Ill. App. Ct. 1990 (defining recreational purposes, landowner’s immunity) Text

Hart v. Meredith, 553 N.E.2d 782 (Ill. App. Ct. 1990) (landowner’s strict liability under fence law)  Text

Mitchell v. Waddell, 544 N.E.2d 1261 (Ill. App. Ct. 1989) (recreational user’s action to recover for injuries) Text


Perkins v. Fillio, 119 N.E.3d 1106 (Ind. Ct. App. 2019) (invitee brought negligence claim against landowner when ram injured invitee on landowner’s property) Text

Einhorn v. Johnson, 996 N.E.2d 823 (Ind. Ct. App. 2013), reh’g denied (Dec. 17, 2013), transfer denied, 9 N.E.3d 170 (Ind. 2014)(volunteer at equestrian event for damages after being tramples) Text

Rocky River Farms, Inc. v. Porter, 925 N.E.2d 496 (Ind. Ct. App. 2010) (equestrian center employees not agricultural employees for the purpose of workers’ compensation)  Text

Pardue v. Perdue Farms Inc., 925 N.E.2d 482 (Ind. Ct. App. 2010) (nuisance action against turkey growers over contaminated groundwater)   Text

Guillaume v. Hall Farms, Inc., No. 42A01-0904-CV-163, 2009 WL 252589 (Table) (Ind. Ct. App. Aug. 19, 2009) (vicarious liability of company; persons not employees) Text

Long v. IVC Indus. Coatings, Inc., 908 N.E.2d 697 (Ind. Ct. App. 2009) (claim of negligence by neighbor causing sediment to run into a farm pond)  Text

Capps v. Abbott, 897 N.E.2d 984 (Ind. Ct. App. 2008) (adverse possession by farm fence)  Text

Rhodes v. Wright, 805 N.E.2d 382 (Ind. 2004) (duty of care owed a business invitee)   Text

Smith v. Baxter, 796 N.E.2d 242 (Ind. 2003) (duty to warn invitee)   Text

Cunningham v. Bakker Produce, Inc., 712 N.E.2d 1002 (Ind. Ct. App. 1999) (suit for injuries to child against landowner)   Text

Campbell v. Spade, 617 N.E.2d 580 (Ind. Ct. App. 1993) (action to prevent landowner from using driveway due to restrictive covenant)   Text

Forrest v. Gilley, 570 N.E.2d 934 (Ind. Ct. App. 1991) (personal injury suit against horse owner)  Text

Kidd v. Davis, 485 N.E.2d 156 (Ind. Ct. App. 1985) (holding that landowners owed no special duty to licensee)   Text


Sallee v. Stewart, No. 14-0734, 2015 WL 1817094 (Iowa Ct. App. Apr. 22, 2015)(injury during a school trip to dairy farm) Text

Freeman v. Grain Processing Corp., 848 N.W.2d 58 (Iowa) cert. denied, 135 S. Ct. 712, 190 L. Ed. 2d 440 (2014)(nuisance complaint against wet corn milling facility) Text

Sallee v. Stewart, 827 N.W.2d 128 (Iowa 2013)(injury during a school trip to dairy farm) Text

Sallee v. Stewart, 814 N.W.2d 622 (Iowa Ct. App. 2012) vacated, 827 N.W.2d 128 (Iowa 2013)(injury during a school trip to dairy farm) Text

Zimmer v. Vander Waal, No. 08-0662, 780 N.W.2d 730 (2010) (tractor with a trailer not a “motor vehicle” under state law)

Gannon v. Rumbaugh, 772 N.W.2d 258 (Iowa Ct. App. July 2, 2009) (flooding neighbors’ property; lowering a levee)  Text

Tetzlaff v. Camp, 715 N.W.2d 256 (Iowa 2006) (liability of landlord for tenant’s nuisance)  Text

Klobnak v. Wildwood Hills, Inc., 688 N.W.2d 799 (Iowa 2004) (duty of care for roaming livestock)  Text

State ex rel. Miller v. DeCoster, 596 N.W.2d 898 (Iowa 1999) (alleged violation of water pollution and animal control requirements)   Text

Gravert v. Nebergall, 539 N.W.2d 184 (Iowa 1995) (dispute over construction and maintenance of a partition fence)   Text

Scott v. Wright, 486 N.W.2d 40 (Iowa 1992) (suit on a theory of vicarious liability for negligent operation of tractor)   Text

Peterson v. Schwertley, 460 N.W.2d 469 (Iowa 1990) (landowner’s immunity from trespasser’s injuries claim)   Text


Sage v. Bird City Dairy, LLC, No. CIV.A. 13-4039-KHV, 2015 WL 1959679 (D. Kan. Apr. 29, 2015) (negligence in keeping cattle in) Text

Beneke v. Smith, No. 111722, 2015 WL 2137134 (Kan. Ct. App. May 1, 2015) (injuries after car struck cow in road)

Kiraly v. Smith, No. 111635, 2015 WL 2134571 (Kan. Ct. App. May 1, 2015) (injuries after car struck cow in road)

Wilson ex rel. Estate of Rice v. McDaniel, 327 P.3d 1052 (Kan. Ct. App. 2014) (car collided with mule)

Wrinkle v. Norman, 297 Kan. 420, 301 P.3d 312 (2013) (neighbor injured while herding cow back in) Text

Evenson v. Lilley, 295 Kan. 43, 282 P.3d 610 (2012) (liability for a controlled burn that got out) Text

Evenson v. Hind, 260 P.3d 101 (Kan. Ct. App. 2011) (trespass claim for entering property to repair fence)

Jewett v. Miller, 46 Kan. App. 2d 346, 263 P.3d 188 (2011) (car collided with horse) Text

Wrinkle v. Norman, No. 103,373, 2010 WL 4539371 (Kan. Ct. App. Nov. 12, 2010) (owner of animals is required to use reasonable care to confine animals) Text

Herrell v. Nat’l Beef Packing Co., 202 P.3d 691 (Kan. Ct. App. 2009) (premise liability for injuries caused to subcontractor’s employee)  Text

Lambert v. Cromer, 184 P.3d 993, 2008 WL 2370076 (Kan. Ct. App. 2008) (judge’s use of specialized fencing knowledge)

Spain v. Schroeder, 98 P.3d 303, 2004 WL 2238770 (Kan. Ct. App. 2004) (duty of care in livestock escape)

Norton Farms, Inc. v. Anadarko Petroleum Corp., 91 P.3d 1239 (Kan. Ct. App. 2004) (negligent construction of concrete bag ramps)   Text

Kaplan v. Bd. of County Comm’rs, Johnson County, 3 P.3d 1270 (Kan. 2000) (landowner’s costs of erecting fences)   Text

Koger v. Ferrin, 926 P.2d 680 (Kan. Ct. App. 1996) (denying claim for strict liability for failing to prevent spread of fire)   Text

Walborn v. Stockman, 706 P.2d 465 (Kan. Ct. App. 1985) (finding no failure to exercise due care in keeping livestock enclosed)   Text

Finlay v. Finlay, 856 P.2d 183 (Kan. Ct. App. 1993) (nuisance claim against cattle feeding operation)   Text


Moore v. Stills, 307 S.W.3d 71 (Ky. 2010) (recreational use statute barred adverse possession claim)  Text

Wright v. R&M Fence & Constr., Nos. 2007-CA-001000-MR, 2007-CA-001014-MR, 2009 WL 1347289 (Ky. Ct. App. May 15, 2009) (tree remover’s actions not foreseeable cause of horses death) Text

Johnson v. Patterson, No. 2007-CA-000884-MR, 2008 WL 746703 (Ky. Ct. App. Mar. 21, 2008) (reversing directed verdict for landowner in escaped livestock case) Text

Loveless v. Ringstaff, No. 2005-CA-000860-MR, 2007 WL 2142265 (Ky. Ct. App. July 27, 2007) (duty of care owed to licensee) Text

Barrister Farm, LLC v. Upson Downs Farms, LLC, No. 2004-CA-002651-MR, 2006 WL 319344 (Ky. Ct. App. Feb. 10, 2006) (landowner negligence in barn fire)

Baker v. McIntosh, 132 S.W.3d 230 (Ky. Ct. App. 2004) (duty of care not breached for licensee) Text

N. Hardin Developers, Inc. v. Corkran by Corkran, 839 S.W.2d 258 (Ky. 1992) (holding that livestock without dangerous propensities did not constitute a foreseeable risk of harm)   Text

Coursey v. Westvaco Corp., 790 S.W.2d 229 (Ky. 1990) (application of the recreational use statute)   Text


Chaney v. Vaughn, 51,795 (La. App. 2 Cir. 2/28/18), 245 So. 3d 1208 (ranchers liable when a driver hit their black cow on the highway)

Moore v. Rice-Land Lumber Co., 2014-2559 (La. 2/27/15), 160 So. 3d 583 Text

Cormier v. Louisiana Farm Bureau Cas. Ins. Co., 2012-892 (La. App. 3 Cir. 2/6/13), 109 So. 3d 509 writ denied sub nom. Cormier v. Louisiana Farm Bur. Cas. Ins. Co., 2013-0427 (La. 4/5/13), 110 So. 3d 596 (Driver that hit cow sued owner of the cow and the landowner) Text

Fournerat v. Farm Bureau Ins. Co., 2011-1344 (La. App. 1 Cir. 9/21/12), 104 So. 3d 76 (La. Ct. App.) writ denied, 2012-2148 (La. 11/21/12), 102 So. 3d 59 (3 wheeler accident with drainage ditch) Text

Richard v. Louisiana Newpack Shrimp Co., 11-309 (La. App. 5 Cir. 12/28/11), 82 So. 3d 541 (La. Ct. App. 2011)(injury while on a boat dock) Text

Schysm v. Boyd, 47 So.3d 977 (La. Ct. App. 2010) (liability for loose horse on roadway)  Text

Schysm v. Boyd, No. 45,336-CA, 2010 WL 3213679 (La. Ct. App. Aug 16, 2010) (motorist strikes horse on road) Text

Everett v. State Farm Fire & Cas. Ins. Co., 37 So.3d 456, 2010 WL 1170202 (La. Ct. App. 2010) (damages from horseback riding accident) Text

Ables v. Minvielle, 22 So.3d 1129 (La. Ct. App. 2009) (landowner’s liability in death of four-wheeler rider)  Text

Carter v. Loyd, No. 08-529, 2008 WL 5401447 (La. Ct. App. Dec. 30, 2008) (no proof that defendants’ horse caused accident) Text

Hamel’s Farm, L.L.C. v. Muslow, 988 So.2d 882 (La. Ct. App. 2008) (ownership of lakebed)  Text

Kovac v. Spraymax, Inc., 911 So.2d 934 (La. Ct. App. 2005) (pesticide drift)   Text

Honeycutt v. State Farm Fire & Cas. Co., 890 So.2d 756 (La. Ct. App. 2004) (res ipsa loquitur in roaming animal case)   Text

Racca v. St. Mary Sugar Coop., Inc., 872 So.2d 1117 (La. Ct. App. 2004) (negligence action) Text

Buller v. Am. Nat’l Prop. & Cas. Cos., 838 So.2d 67 (La. Ct. App. 2003) (liability for roaming animals)   Text

LaBlanc v. Hayes, 827 So.2d 611 (La. Ct. App. 2002) (recreational use statute)   Text

Pillow v. Entergy Corp., 828 So.2d 83 (La. Ct. App. 2002) (duty owed by electric company in horse death)   Text

Cooper v. Cooper, 786 So. 2d 240 (La. Ct. App. 2001) (holding that landowner was immunized from liability by recreational use statute)   Text

Domingue v. Stanley, 784 So. 2d 844 (La. Ct. App. 2001) (landowners’ immunity under recreational use statutes)   Text

Johnson v. City of Morgan City, 787 So. 2d 326 (La. Ct. App. 2000) (immunity under recreational use statutes)   Text

Naquin v. Louisiana Power & Light Co., 768 So. 2d 605 (La. Ct. App. 2000) (action for damages against landowner)   Text

Reed v. Employers Mut. Cas. Co., 741 So. 2d 1285 (La. Ct. App. 1999) (hunting club officer’s immunity under recreational use statutes)   Text

Bradford v. Kaster, 732 So. 2d 827 (La. Ct. App. 1999) (action for damages against owner of pastureland and horse owner)   Text

Ebarb v. Guinn Bros., Inc., 728 So. 2d 487 (La. Ct. App. 1999) (action to recover damages; duty to warn)   Text

Taylor v. Moseley, 698 So. 2d 3 (La. Ct. App. 1997) (finding no landowners’ strict liability for worker’s death)   Text

Ebarb v. Guinn Bros., Inc., 691 So. 2d 228 (La. Ct. App. 1997) (no duty to warn)   Text

Florice v. Brown, 679 So. 2d 501 (La. Ct. App. 1996) (injuries in horseback riding accident)   Text

Ward v. Hermitage Ins. Co., 671 So. 2d 1229 (La. Ct. App. 1996) (suit against hunting club)   Text

Dear v. Crosby Chemicals, Inc., 670 So. 2d 775 (La. Ct. App. 1996) (landowner’s protection under recreational use statutes)   Text

Matherne v. Cheramie, 664 So. 2d 130 (La. Ct. App. 1995) (immunity under recreational use statute)   Text

Lewis v. State Farm Fire & Cas. Co., 654 So. 2d 883 (La. Ct. App. 1995) (action against fishing camp’s owner)   Text

Johnson v. Lloyd’s of London, 653 So. 2d 226 (La. Ct. App. 1995) (hunting club was “owner” rather than user)   Text

Cornish v. State, Dep’t. of Transp. & Dev., 647 So. 2d 1170 (La. Ct. App. 1994) (action against Department of Transportation and Development and owners of cattle guard)   >Text

Willis v. Lecompte, 640 So. 2d 304 (La. Ct. App. 1994) (landowners were not liable for damages caused by lessee’s horse)   Text

Ourso v. Grimm, 630 So. 2d 963 (La. Ct. App. 1994) (violation of state “stock law”)   Text

O’Quinn v. Power House Services, Inc., 633 So. 2d 707 (La. Ct. App. 1993) (negligence claim against landowner)  Text

Dartez v. W. World Ins. Co., Inc., 569 So. 2d 1089 (La. Ct. App. 1990) (action against hunting club)   Text

Castille v. Chaisson, 544 So. 2d 670 (La. Ct. App. 1989) (recreational use immunity, no duty to warn)   Text

Varnado v. Sanders, 477 So. 2d 1205 (La. Ct. App. 1985) (action recover against owner and operator of dairy farm)   Text


Dickinson v. Clark, 767 A.2d 303 (Me. 2001) (recreational use statute did not apply to claim for negligent supervision of machinery)   Text


Matthews v. Amberwood Associates Ltd. P’ship, Inc., 719 A.2d 119 (Md. 1998) (breach of duty to social guest)   Text

Briscoe v. Graybeal, 622 A.2d 805 (Md. Ct. Spec. App. 1993) (alleged strict liability claim against horse owner)   Text

Pahanish v. W. Trails, Inc., 517 A.2d 1122 (Md. Ct. Spec. App. 1986) (negligence action against owner of riding stable)   Text


MacFadyen v. Maki, 876 N.E.2d 437 (Mass. App. Ct. 2007) (failure to warn at tree farm)   Text

Krasnecky v. Meffen, 777 N.E.2d 1286 (Mass. App. Ct. 2002) (trespass by neighbors dogs)  Text

Powers v. Mukpo, 97-4891, 1999 WL 818062 (Mass. Super. Sept. 27, 1999) (personal injuries action by horseback rider)


Lapeer v. Ostego Cty. Fair Ass’n, 2021 Mich. App. LEXIS 2847 (Plaintiff’s claim barred by state Equine Activity Liability Act) Text

Whitby v. Wright, No. 321272, 2015 WL 4390061 (Mich. Ct. App. July 16, 2015) (car collided with cows) Text

Paqura v. Dep’t of Envtl. Quality, Nos. 286574, 291265, 2010 WL 624893 (Mich. Ct. App. Feb. 23, 2010) (removal of farm pond dam) Text

Schaendorf v. Consumer Energy Co., No. 281001, 2009 WL 563904 (Mich. Ct. App. Mar. 5, 2009) (evidence of exposure to stray voltage)

Wertz v. Schaper, No. 282721, 2009 WL 187573 (Mich. Ct. App. Jan. 27, 2009) (wrongful death suit) Text

Bragan ex rel. Bragan v. Symanzik, 687 N.W.2d 881 (Mich. Ct. App. 2004) (duty of care owed to child invitee)   Text

DeShambo v. Nielsen, 684 N.W.2d 332 (Mich. 2004) (independent contractor liability)   Text

Travis v. Preston, 643 N.W.2d 235 (Mich. Ct. App. 2002) (zoning law; right to farm)   Text

Steffens v. Keeler, 503 N.W.2d 675 (Mich. Ct. App. 1993) (holding that pig farmers were protected by Right to Farm Act from nuisance claims)   Text

Ellsworth v. Highland Lakes Dev. Associates, 498 N.W.2d 5 (Mich. Ct. App. 1993) (landowner’s immunity under recreational land use statute)   Text

Cypret v. Lea, 433 N.W.2d 413 (Mich. Ct. App. 1988) (recreational land use act does not apply to lands with artificial conditions)   Text

Wymer v. Holmes, 412 N.W.2d 213 (Mich. 1987) overruled by Neal v. Wilkes, 685 N.W.2d 648 (Mich. 2004) (alleged negligence, attractive nuisance, and failure to warn of pond’s claimed dangers)   Text

Witbeck v. Bill Cody’s Ranch Inn, 411 N.W.2d 439 (Mich. 1987) (personal injury action against dude ranch)   Text



Shegrud v. Eeg, No. A14-2027, 2015 WL 5196020 (Minn. Ct. App. Sept. 8, 2015)(multicar collision that resulted from brushfire smoke that obscured roadway visibility) Text

Lanpher v. Nygard, 829 N.W.2d 438 (Minn. Ct. App. 2013), review denied (June 26, 2013)(trespass against neighbor for painting and fixing wooden fence) Text

Salinger v. Leatherdale, No. A12-0215, 2012 WL 4476631 (Minn. Ct. App. Oct. 1, 2012)(rider injured on trail ride)

Johnson v. Paynesville Farmers Union Co-op. Oil Co., 817 N.W.2d 693 (Minn. 2012)(farmer sued neighbor and cooperative whose pesticides drifted onto organic farm) Text

Siewert v. N. States Power Co., 757 N.W.2d 909 (Minn. Ct. App. 2008) (damages to dairy cattle from stray voltage)  Text

Balen v. Peltier, No. A05-787, 2006 WL 163518 (Minn. Ct. App. Jan. 18, 2006) (duty of care owed to social guest)

Anderson v. State of Minn., Dep’t of Natural Res., 693 N.W.2d 181 (Minn. 2005) (duty of care for trespassing animals)   Text

Habeck v. Ouverson, 669 N.W.2d 907 (Minn. Ct. App. 2003) (recreational statute immunity; child-trespasser standard of care)   Text

Wendinger v. Forst Farms, Inc., 662 N.W.2d 546 (Minn. Ct. App. 2003) (nuisance and trespass) Text

Pike v. Nesset, No. C7-02-1882, 2003 WL 21060862 (Minn. Ct. App. May 13, 2003) (reasonable duty to protect from foreseeable injury)

In re Petition of Bailey, 626 N.W.2d 190 (Minn. Ct. App. 2001) (landowner’s contribution to cost of building fence)   Text

Wickoren v. Ranch, C9-92-2528, 1993 WL 173862 (Minn. Ct. App. May 25, 1993) (horseback rider’s action against ranch)


Olier v. Bailey, 164 So. 3d 982 (Miss. 2015)(injuries while fleeing from geese) Text

Ladnier v. Hester, 98 So. 3d 1025 (Miss. 2012)(motorist collided with horse) Text

Ladnier v. Hester, 98 So. 3d 1074 (Miss. Ct. App. 2011) rev’d, 98 So. 3d 1025 (Miss. 2012)(motorist collided with horse) Text

Dillion v. Greenbriar Digging Serv., Ltd., 919 So.2d 172 (Miss. Ct. App. 2005) (liability for open trench)  Text

McMillan v. Rodriguez, 823 So.2d 1173 (Miss. 2002) (landowner liability for roaming bull)   Text

Harris v. Penn, 798 So. 2d 544 (Miss. Ct. App. 2001) (failure to prove negligence to maintain fence)   Text

Barrett v. Parker, 757 So. 2d 182 (Miss. 2000) (personal injury action against owner of cow)   Text


Ferguson v. Ewing, 437 S.W.3d 821 (Mo. Ct. App. 2014)(cost of shared fence repair) Text

Watson v. Mense, No. WD 69255, 2009 Mo. App. LEXIS 1715 (Mo. Ct. App. Dec. 16, 2008) (trespass damages by adverse possession) Text

State ex rel. Young v. Wood, 254 S.W.3d 871 (Mo. 2008) (recreational use statute; no liability in wrongful death)  Text

Humphrey v. Glenn, 167 S.W.3d 680 (Mo. 2005) (duty of reasonable care to warn trespassers)   Text

Duren v. Kunkel, 814 S.W.2d 935 (Mo. 1991) (failure to establish strict liability)   Text


Tally Bissell Neighbors, Inc. v. Eyrie Shotgun Ranch, LLC, 228 P.3d 1134, 2010 MT 63 (Mont. 2010) (private nuisance created by shooting range) Text

Peterson v. Eichhorn, 2008 MT 250 (Mont. 2008) (liability for abnormally dangerous domestic animal)

King v. Van Setten, No. 03-013, 2004 MT 171N, 2004 WL 1447736 (Mont. June 29, 2004) (irrigation flooding) Text

Madrid v. Fifth Judicial Dist. Court, 60 P.3d 438 (Mont. 2002) (strict liability)   Text

Madrid v. Zenchiku Land & Livestock, 51 P.3d 1137 (Mont. 2002) (strict liability for trespassing livestock)   Text

Wells v. Young, 47 P.3d 809 (Mont. 2002) (nuisance and trespass)   Text

Gaudreau v. Clinton Irrigation Dist., 30 P.3d 1070 (Mont. 2001) (action against irrigation district)  Text

Larson-Murphy v. Steiner, 15 P.3d 1205 (Mont. 2001) (action against livestock owners and landowners who leased property to livestock owners)   Text

Weitz v. Montana Dep’t of Natural Res. & Conservation, 943 P.2d 990 (Mont. 1997) (alleged violation of recreational use act)   Text

Schaubel v. Iversen, 848 P.2d 489 (Mont. 1993) (negligence action regarding overflow of drainage ditch)   Text


Kotrous v. Zerbe, 287 Neb. 1033, 846 N.W.2d 122 (2014)(contribution for fence building) Text

McLaughlin Freight Lines, Inc. v. Gentrup, 281 Neb. 725, 798 N.W.2d 386 (2011)(semi-trailer collided with cattle) Text

Bihuniak v. Roberta Corrigan Farm, 757 N.W.2d 725 (Neb. Ct. App. 2008) (no liability for increased water flow on lower stream landowners)

Spomer v. Greater Omaha Packing Co., Inc., No. A-01-1254, 2003 WL 21383261 (Neb. Ct. App. June 17, 2003) (res ipsa loquitur not allowed in cow trampling case)

McClure v. Forsman, 662 N.W.2d 566 (Neb. 2003) (negligent operation of irrigation system)  Text

Soukop v. ConAgra, Inc., 653 N.W.2d 655 (Neb. 2002) (right to farm)   Text

Sjuts v. Granville Cemetery Ass’n, 719 N.W.2d 236 (Neb. 2006) (no prescriptive easement across cemetery)  Text

Dykes v. Scotts Bluff County Agric. Soc., Inc., 617 N.W.2d 817 (Neb. 2000) (holding that viewing livestock at county fair is not “recreational purpose”) Text

Brown v. Wilson, 567 N.W.2d 124 (Neb. 1997) (application of state recreation liability act)   Text

Roberts v. Weber & Sons, Co., 533 N.W.2d 664 (Neb. 1995) (livestock owner’s liability in escaped livestock case)   Text

Holden By & Through Holden v. Schwer, 495 N.W.2d 269 (Neb. 1993) (landowner’s protection under recreation liability act)   Text

Grote v. Meyers Land & Cattle Co., 485 N.W.2d 748 (Neb. 1992) (action against ranch owner)  Text

Hickman v. Hunkins, 509 N.W.2d 220 (Neb. Ct. App. 1992) (breaching dike and replacing culvert, causing flooding)   Text

Tiede v. Loup Power Dist., 411 N.W.2d 312 (Neb. 1987) (no duty to warn of danger presented by power lines)   Text

Hahn v. Weber & Sons Co., 390 N.W.2d 503 (Neb. 1986) (alleged negligent weed spraying on noncultivated tract of land)   Text

Bohaty v. Briard, 361 N.W.2d 502 (Neb. 1985) (action to require landowners to remove earthen dam)   Text


Lee v. Lamar Cent. Outdoor, LLC, No. 63048, 2014 WL 1319180 (Nev. Mar. 31, 2014)(scooter driver injured when ran into barbed wire fence on owner’s property)


Wright v. Loon Mountain Recreation Corp., 663 A.2d 1340 (N.H. 1995) (rider’s action for injuries against equestrian center)   Text


Stoffels v. Harmony Hill Farm, 912 A.2d 184 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. 2006) (liability in horse accident)   Text


Leslie v. BNSF Ry. Co., No. 1:16-CV-1208-JCH-JHR, 2019 WL 4279177 (D.N.M. Sept. 10, 2019) (Plaintiffs hit cow on roadway; action against cow owner and railroad because alleged cow jumped over gate owned and maintained by railroad)

Noriega v. Stahmann Farms, Inc., 827 P.2d 156 (N.M. Ct. App. 1992) (alleged failure to keep area adjacent to ditchbank in safe condition)   Text


Thompson v. Brown, 167 A.D.3d 1310, 90 N.Y.S.3d 342 (N.Y. App. Div. 2018) (plaintiff struck bull on roadway)

Carey v. Schwab, 122 A.D.3d 1142, 997 N.Y.S.2d 180 (2014) leave to appeal dismissed, 25 N.Y.3d 1062, 33 N.E.3d 502 (2015)(horse broke free while at tavern and injured patron) Text

Sargent v. Mammoser, 117 A.D.3d 1533, 986 N.Y.S.2d 728 (2014)(motorcycle collided with cow) Text

Ferland v. GMO Renewable Res. LLC, 105 A.D.3d 1158, 963 N.Y.S.2d 428 (2013)(snowmobiler injured on logging road by a log truck) Text

Hastings v. Sauve, 21 N.Y.3d 122, 989 N.E.2d 940 (2013)(vehicle collided with cow) Text

Shay v. Contento, 92 A.D.3d 994, 937 N.Y.S.2d 706 (2012)(atv wreck on land) Text

Tennant v. Tabor, 89 A.D.3d 1461, 932 N.Y.S.2d 648 (2011)(vehicle collided with horse) Text

Sabia v. Niagara Mohawk Power Corp., 87 A.D.3d 1291, 930 N.Y.S.2d 160 (2011)(snowmobile crash into gate) Text

McKown v. Town of Waterford, 31 Misc. 3d 1207(A), 927 N.Y.S.2d 817 (Sup. Ct. 2011) aff’d, 94 A.D.3d 1182, 941 N.Y.S.2d 783 (2012)(atv collided with drainage ditch) Text

Moore v. 3 Phase Equestrian Ctr., Inc., 83 A.D.3d 677, 922 N.Y.S.2d 98 (2011)(rider injure at equestrian center) Text

Finnocchiaro v. Napolitano, 859 N.Y.S.2d 477 (N.Y. App. Div. 2008) (recreational use statute)   Text

Farnham v. Meder, 45 A.D.3d 1315 (N.Y. App. Div. 2007) (no assumption of the risk)   Text

Bard v. Jahnke, 848 N.E.2d 463 (N.Y. 2006) (no knowledge of vicious or violent propensities)  Text

Stickles v. Fuller, 2 Misc.3d 954 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 2004) (duty owed by landlord to tenant’s employees)   Text

Olson v. Brunner, 689 N.Y.S.2d 833 (N.Y. App. Div. 1999) (wrongful death action against landowner by survivors of hunter)   Text

Schwartz v. Armand Erpf Estate, 255 A.D.2d 35 (N.Y. App. Div. 1999) (action for injuries against farm owners, and owners of horse)   Text

Irish v. Deep Hollow Ltd., 251 A.D.2d 293 (N.Y. App. Div. 1998) (horseback rider’s action against ranch)   Text

Sauberan v. Ohl, 239 A.D.2d 891 (N.Y. App. Div. 1997) (action for injuries sustained in hunting accident)   Text

Rzeczkowski v. Kowalczik, 237 A.D.2d 342 (N.Y. App. Div. 1997) (dispute over immunity under recreational use statute)   Text

Elbert v. J.F.V. Enter. Co., 234 A.D.2d 413 (N.Y. App. Div. 1996) (denying horseback rider’s action to recover for personal injuries)   Text

Gough by Rousseau v. County of Dutchess, 638 N.Y.S.2d 290 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 1996) (duty to keep premises safe for hiking)   Text

Wardrop v. Koerner, 208 A.D.2d 1147 (N.Y. App. Div. 1994) (action to recover for injuries against landowner)   Text

Morrelli v. Giordano, 206 A.D.2d 464 (N.Y. App. Div. 1994) (denying personal injury claim against owner of corral)   Text

Valenti v. Lara, 613 N.Y.S.2d 221 (N.Y. App. Div. 1994) (alleging farmer’s negligence in allowing irrigation runoff to accumulate on roadway)   Text

Farnham v. Kittinger, 634 N.E.2d 162 (N.Y. 1994) (action for injuries against landowners)   Text

Jarvis v. Eastman, 202 A.D.2d 826 (N.Y. App. Div. 1994) (denying negligence action against barn owners)   Text

Pulis v. T.H. Kinsella, Inc., 593 N.Y.S.2d 959 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 1993)aff’d, 614 N.Y.S.2d 949 (N.Y. App. Div. 1994) (dispute over landowner’s immunity for injuries)   Text

Reid by Reid v. Kawasaki Motors Corp., U.S.A., 189 A.D.2d 954 (N.Y. App. Div. 1993) (farm owner’s immunity)   Text

Testani v. Northshore Equestrian Ctr., Inc., 595 N.Y.S.2d 653 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 1992) (denying landowners protection under recreational use statute)   Text

DiMaria v. Coordinated Ranches, Inc., 138 A.D.2d 445 (N.Y. App. Div. 1988) (action for personal injuries against dude ranch)   Text

Klump v. Bowman, 117 A.D.2d 857 (N.Y. App. Div. 1986) (personal injury action against owner of “pick your own” apple farm)   Text

Morell v. Peekskill Ranch, Inc., 476 N.E.2d 645 (N.Y. 1985) (personal injury action against dude ranch)   Text


Rolan v. N.C. Dep’t of Agric. & Consumer Servs., 756 S.E.2d 788 (N.C. Ct. App. 2014) (State fair patrons who contracted bacterial infection from visiting petting zoo) Text

Clontz v. St. Mark’s Evangelical Lutheran Church, 578 S.E.2d 654 (N.C. Ct. App. 2003) (premise liability)   Text

Parker v. Barefoot, 502 S.E.2d 42 (N.C. Ct. App. 1998) rev’d, 519 S.E.2d 315 (N.C. 1999) (nuisance claim against hog farmer)   Text

Garrett v. Overman, 404 S.E.2d 882 (N.C. Ct. App. 1991) (action against owners of horse boarding stables)   Text


Minto Grain, LLC v. Tibert, 776 N.W.2d 549 (N.D. 2009) (damages for neighbors interfering with expansion plans of grain elevator)  Text

Kappenman v. Klipfel, 765 N.W.2d 716 (N.D. 2009) (wrongful death on section line road; no recreation use statute immunity)

Hassan v. Brooks, 566 N.W.2d 822 (denying action for injuries and damages against cattle owner)   Text

Bellemare v. Gateway Builders, Inc., 420 N.W.2d 733 (N.D. 1988) (tenant’s action against landlord and contractor for injuries)   Text


Hendrickson v. Grider, 2016-Ohio-8474, 70 N.E.3d 604 (owner of lot where horses were kept was not liable for motor vehicle accident when horses escaped from the lot)

Sanders v. Frank, 2015-Ohio-3644, 37 N.E.3d 1305 (neighbor injured while trying to retain horse)

Von Stein v. Phenicie, 2014-Ohio-4872 appeal not allowed, 2015-Ohio-2104, 142 Ohio St. 3d 1476, 31 N.E.3d 655 (landowner sued neighbor over flooding and drainage issues) Text

Thomas v. Strba, 2013-Ohio-3869 appeal not allowed, 2014-Ohio-566, 138 Ohio St. 3d 1414, 3 N.E.3d 1216(injury while trying to repair a wood deer stand) Text

United Ohio Ins. Co. v. Schaeffer, 2014-Ohio-3854, 18 N.E.3d 863 (liability of tractor owner for tractor used in “bar crawl” hayride) Text

Booth v. Walls, 2013-Ohio-3190 (minor was struck in the face by the throwing arm of a clay target machine) Text

Merino v. Salem Hunting Club, 2012-Ohio-4553 (neighboring landowner sued gun club over ricochets and stray bullets) Text

State v. Riegel, 2012-Ohio-4517 (conviction for animals at large) Text

White v. Elias, 2012-Ohio-3814, 4 N.E.3d 391 (kicked by escaped horse)

Parker v. Patrick, 2012-Ohio-3312 (farm atv accident) Text

Morgan v. Ohio Conference of United Church of Christ, 2012-Ohio-453 (hiker injured on trail) Text

Snyder v. Myers, 940 N.E.2d 615 (Ohio Ct. App. 2010) (danger of falling through hay drop in barn not reasonably discoverable by barn owner)  Text

Brennan v. Schappacher, No. CA2008-09-231, 2009 WL 501639, 2009 -Ohio- 927 (Ohio Ct. App. Mar. 2, 2009) (injuries sustained during hayride; assumption of risk; negligent assumption of risk)

Getsy v. Eastham, No. 2008-T-0032, 2008 WL 5274850 (Ohio Ct. App. Dec. 16, 2008) (scope of recreational use statute)

Rutkai v. Freeland, No. 24267, 2008 WL 5159030 (Ohio Ct. App. Dec. 10, 2008) (premise liability owed to invitee)

Merino v. Salem Hunting Club, No. 07 CO 16, 2008 WL 5124549 (Ohio Ct. App. Dec. 4, 2008) (claim of damages caused by neighboring landowner)

Moody v. Wiza, No. OT-07-005, 2007 WL 2897633 (Ohio Ct. App. Oct. 5, 2007) (permanent injunction from maintaining livestock in spite)

Aponte v. Castor, 802 N.E.2d 171 (Ohio Ct. App. 2003) (duty of care owed to licensee or trespasser; attractive nuisance)   Text

Horsley v. Essman, 145 Ohio App. 3d 438, 2001-Ohio-2557, 763 N.E.2d 245 (duty of ordinary care to prevent livestock from escaping)   Text

Williams v. Cook, 725 N.E.2d 339 (Ohio Ct. App. 1999) (duty of ordinary care)   Text

Bainbridge v. Walnut Twp. Trustees, 18-CA-1994, 1994 WL 667984 (Ohio Ct. App. Oct. 24, 1994) (landowner’s share in partition fence)

Tanker v. N. Crest Equestrian Ctr., 621 N.E.2d 589 (Ohio Ct. App. 1993) (“release” agreement and liability for horseback rider’s injuries)   Text

Brand v. Marion Twp.Trustees, 90-CA-12, 1991 WL 156400 (Ohio Ct. App. Aug. 8, 1991) (dispute over construction of fence between landowners)

Rayner v. Lowe, 572 N.E.2d 245 (Ohio Ct. App. 1989) (finding no duty to fence land to protect it from trespassing animals)   Text


Lierly v. Tidewater Petroleum Corp., 139 P.3d 897 (Okla. 2006) (malicious prosecution)   Text

Lohrenz v. Lane, 787 P.2d 1274 (Okla. 1990) (holding that pond was not an attractive nuisance)   Text


Coleman v. Or. Parks & Recreation Dep’t ex rel. Oregon, 217 P.3d 651 (Or. 2009) (recreational use statute)  Text

Worman v. Columbia County, 195 P.3d 414 (Or. Ct. App. 2008) (pesticide drift damage against county government)  Text

Manderscheid v. Dutton, 88 P.3d 281 (Or. Ct. App. 2004) (adverse possession)   Text

Odneal v. Arlint, 919 P.2d 508 (Or. Ct. App. 1996) (no failure to warn of dangerous condition on land)   Text


Garcia v. Mt. Creek Riding Stable, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 111961 (M.D. Pa. 2021) (Plaintiff thrown from horse after ignoring spoken instructions)

Murtha v. Joyce, 875 A.2d 1154 (Pa. Super. Ct. 2005) (recreational use statute)   Text

Kinley v. Bierly, 876 A.2d 419 (Pa. Super. Ct. 2005) (knowledge of viciousness of animal)   Text

Diffenderfer v. Staner, 722 A.2d 1103 (Pa. Super. Ct. 1998) (negligence, nuisance, and strict liability claim against dairy farm owner)   Text

Fogle v. Malvern Courts, Inc., 701 A.2d 265 (Pa. Super. Ct. 1997) aff’d, 722 A.2d 680 (Pa. 1999) (landowner who does not keep livestock is not required to share cost of fence)   Text



Morabit v. Hoag, 80 A.3d 1 (R.I. 2013) (damage to historical stone wall) Text

Johnston v. Poulin, 844 A.2d 707 (R.I. 2004) (strict liability for animals “at large”)   Text


Rawl v. Dick’s Sporting Goods, Inc., 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 110914 (D. S.C. 2021) (no premises liability for faulty tree stand brought onto the property by Plaintiff)

Williams v. Smalls, 701 S.E.2d 772 (S.C. Ct. App. 2010) (negligence action by car driver against owner of cattle)  Text

Williams v. Smalls, No. 4755, 2010 WL 4183837 (S.C. Ct. App. Oct. 20, 2010) (no strict liability for personal injuries suffered when automobile struck escaped livestock)



Lindblom v. Sun Aviation, Inc., 2015 S.D. 20, 862 N.W.2d 549 (liability of aerial spray on neighbor’s property)

Adrian v. Vonk, 2011 S.D. 84, 807 N.W.2d 119 (trespass of prairie dogs from federal lands) Text

Alvine Family Ltd. P’ship v. Hagemann, 780 N.W.2d 507 (S.D. 2010) (trespass action because of manure washing onto adjoining property)  Text

Alvine Family Ltd. P’ship v. Hagemann, 780 N.W.2d 507, 2010 WL 970912 (S.D. 2010) (trespass from manure) Text

State Farm Auto Ins. Co. v. Gertsema, 778 N.W.2d 609 (S.D. 2010) (permission to drive ATV)  Text

Luke v. Deal, 692 N.W.2d 165 (S.D. 2005) (duty to warn invitees of known, concealed dangers)  Text

Collins v. Barker, 668 N.W.2d 548 (S.D. 2003) (independent contractor liability)   Text

Zoss v. Schaefers, 598 N.W.2d 550 (S.D. 1999) (livestock trespass action)   Text

Reis v. Miller, 1996 SD 75, 550 N.W.2d 78 (challenging the constitutionality of statute allowing hunting, fishing and trapping on easements)   Text


Wilson v. Dossett, No. E2012-01251-COA-R3CV, 2013 WL 3021307 (Tenn. Ct. App. June 14, 2013)(motorcycle wreck on private property) Text

Ownby v. Tenn. Farmers Coop. Corp., No M2008-00878-COA-R3-CV, 2009 WL 1392574 (Tenn. Ct. App. May 18, 2009) (duty of care owed to a independent contractor’s employee; premise liability)

Richardson v. Stacey, No. M2001-02167-COA-R3-CV, 2002 WL 1838154 (Tenn. Ct. App. Aug. 13, 2002) (enjoining neighboring landowner from trespassing)


Lobue v. Hanson, 625 S.W.3d 543 (Tex. App. 2021) (Farm Animal Act shields landowner from liability for horse bite) Text

Garcia v. Pruski, No. 18-0953, 2020 WL 499768 (Tex. Jan. 31, 2020) (owner of bull can only be liable when the owner of bull knowingly permits animal to roam)

Garcia v. Pruski, 563 S.W.3d 333 (Tex. App. 2018), review granted (June 28, 2019) (driver injured when vehicle collided with bull on highway; held that driver could recover against owner of bull for accident without showing owner knowingly permitted bull to roam)

Ceniceros v. Pletcher, No. 07-15-00427-CV, 2017 WL 2829325 (Tex. App. June 29, 2017) (driver struck black cow roaming at large at night)

Envtl. Processing Sys., L.C. v. FPL Farming Ltd., 457 S.W.3d 414 (Tex. 2015), reh’g denied (May 1, 2015)(suit against wasterwater injection well that migrated to neighbor’s property) Text

Billelo v. Grayson-Collin Elec. Co-op., Inc., No. 05-10-01357-CV, 2012 WL 3133774 (Tex. App. Aug. 2, 2012)(liability claim against an electric utility for cutting a fence allowing a cow to escape)

Hilz v. Riedel, No. 02-11-00288-CV, 2012 WL 2135648 (Tex. App. June 14, 2012)(horse riding accident)

Pool v. River Bend Ranch, LLC, 346 S.W.3d 853 (Tex. App. 2011)(nuisance claim against landowner operating atv park) Text

Billelo v. SLC McKinney Partners, L.P., 336 S.W.3d 852 (Tex. App. 2011)(landowner liability for a cow that was struck by vehicle) Text

Davis v. Jordan, 305 S.W.3d 895, 2010 WL 547088 (Tex. App. 2010) (pesticide drift liability) Text

Rose v. Ben C. Hebert Heirs, 305 S.W.3d 874 (Tex. App. 2010) (roaming livestock liability)  Text

Britt v. Jones, No. 14-08-00331-CV, 2009 WL 30000822 (Tex. App. Sept. 22, 2009) (proximate cause; injuries sustained by cattle on the road)

Paselk v. Rabun, 293 S.W.3d 600 (Tex. App. 2009) (claims dairy caused the death of neighbors’ horses)  Text

Herring v. Haydon, No. 07-08-0360-CV, 2009 WL 1361654 (Tex. App. May 13, 2009) (wrongful death suit; no evidence caused by defective ladder)

Granillo v. McKinzie, No. 11-07-00241-CV, 2009 WL 262113 (Tex. App. Feb. 5, 2006) (vicarious liability)

Kennamer v. Estate of Noblitt, No. 01-08-00134-CV, 2009 WL 40024 (Tex. App. Jan. 8, 2009) (negligence claim; damages from wild cow)

Little v. Needham, 236 S.W.3d 328 (Tex. App. 2007) (state equine activity liability act)   Text

Van Horne v. Harris, No. 2-06-183-CV, 2007 WL 865801 (Tex. App. March 22, 2007) (liability for animals at large)

Holubec v. Brandenberger, 214 S.W.3d 650 (Tex. App. 2006) (nuisance; right to farm)   Text

Gamble v. Peyton, 182 S.W.3d 1 (Tex. App. 2005) (state equine activities liability act)   Text

Pierce v. Holiday, 155 S.W.3d 676 (Tex. App. 2005) (duty of care owed invitees)   Text

Holubec v. Brandenberger, 111 S.W.3d 32 (Tex. 2003) (nuisance; right to farm)   Text

Goode v. Bauer, 109 S.W.3d 788 (Tex. App. 2003) (negligence per se with roaming animals)  Text

Lee v. Huntsville Livestock Serv., Inc., No. 14-02-00182-CV, 2003 WL 1738418 (Tex. App. Apr. 3, 2003) (no res ipsa loquitur with escaped livestock)

Hicks v. Lee, No. 04-02-00049-CV, 2003 WL 1090599 (Tex. App. Mar. 12, 2003) (no trespass by roaming animals)

Johnson v. Smith, 88 S.W.3d 729 (Tex. App. 2002) (equine activity to fall under equine activities statute)   Text

Nugent v. Pilgrim’s Pride Corp., 30 S.W.3d 562 (Tex. App. 2000) (action against neighboring landowners following dumping of chicken waste)   Text

Straitway Transp., Inc. v. Mundorf, 6 S.W.3d 734 (Tex. App. 1999) (negligence action against rancher who kept calves)   Text

Gibbs v. Jackson, 959 S.W.2d 668 (Tex. App. 1997) rev’d, 990 S.W.2d 745 (Tex. 1999) (duty to keep livestock from roaming at large)   Text

McMillan v. Parker, 910 S.W.2d 616 (Tex. App. 1995) (state recreational-use statute does not apply to social guest)   Text

Lipton v. Wilhite, 902 S.W.2d 598 (Tex. App. 1995) (social guest’s negligence action against landowner)   Text

Smith v. Andrews, 832 S.W.2d 395 (Tex. App. 1992) (no duty to warn visitor that horses may kick)   Text

Hollingsworth v. King, 810 S.W.2d 772 (Tex. App. 1991) writ denied, 816 S.W.2d 340 (Tex. 1991) (action to recover damages against horse owners)   Text

Gray v. Davis, 792 S.W.2d 856 (Tex. App. 1990) (action to recover for injuries sustained as result of escape stallions)   Text



Liley v. Cedar Springs Ranch Inc., 2017 UT App 166, 405 P.3d 817 (motorist hit cow and sued landowner, landowner did not own cow; reversed ruling that landowner owed duty to motorist)

Perrine v. Kennecott Min. Corp., 911 P.2d 1290 (Utah 1996) (denying protection to landlord; defining “public”)   Text

Whipple v. Am. Fork Irr. Co., 910 P.2d 1218 (Utah 1996) (wrongful death action against landowner)   Text

Golding v. Ashley Cent. Irr. Co., 902 P.2d 142 (Utah 1995) (wrongful death suit against canal owner)   Text

Cornia v. Wilcox, 898 P.2d 1379 (Utah 1995) (action for damages for trespassing livestock)   Text

Smurthwaite v. Painter, 755 P.2d 753 (Utah Ct. App. 1988) (action against landowner to recover for loss of animals)   Text


Zukatis by Zukatis v. Perry, 682 A.2d 964 (Vt. 1996) (trespasser’s personal injury action against landowner)   Text


Shoemaker v. Funkhouser, 299 Va. 471 (Va. 2021) (state recreational immunity statute does not cover a landowner granting permission to shoot targets on their property) Text

Bd. of Sup’rs of Rockingham County v. Stickley, 556 S.E.2d 748 (Va. 2002) (raising wild birds not allowed)   Text

Rowe v. Holly Hill Farm Corp., 19 Va. Cir. 344 (Va. Cir. Ct. 1990) rev’d, 404 S.E.2d 48 (Va. 1991) (landowner’s contribution to cost of fencing)  Text (for 404 S.E.2d 48)



Painter v. Sullivan, 198 Wash. App. 1061 (2017) (plaintiff brought negligence claim against landlord when she fell near horse corral on landlord’s property

Cline Smith Cattle Co. Inc. v. Kinch Farms, Inc., No. 32314-5-III, 2015 WL 5314256 (Wash. Ct. App. Sept. 10, 2015)(fire escaped and damaged adjacent project) Text

Hurley v. Port Blakely Tree Farms L.P., 182 Wash. App. 753, 332 P.3d 469 (2014) review denied sub nom. Hurley v. Campbell Menasha, LLC, 182 Wash. 2d 1008, 344 P.3d 688 (2015)(liability of landowner for landslides) Text

Jackass Mt. Ranch, Inc. v. S. Columbia Basin Irr. Dist., 175 Wash. App. 374, 305 P.3d 1108 (2013)(cherry orchard damaged by land slide) Text

Eastwood v. Horse Harbor Foundation, 241 P.3d 1256 (Wash. 2010) (lessee liability for physical damage to leasehold)  Text

Ruiz v. Washington, 225 P.3d 458 (Wash. Ct. App. 2010) (immunity under Forest Practices Act) Text

Hickle v. Whitney Farms, Inc., 64 P.3d 1244 (Wash. 2003) (hazardous wastes on farmland)   Text

Trevino v. Pacificorp, 109 Wash. App. 1053 (Wash. Ct. App. 2001) (landowner immunity under recreational use statute)

City of Benton City v. Adrian, 748 P.2d 679 (Wash. Ct. App. 1988) (suit arising out of discharge of excess irrigation water)   Text


Wilson Mut. Ins. Co. v. Falk, 2014 WI 136, 360 Wis. 2d 67, 857 N.W.2d 156 (insurer denied duty to defend regarding manure leaching into neighbor’s well) Text

Bickford Farms, Inc. v. Alliant Energy Corp., No. 2009AP1323-FT, 2009 WL 2882825 (Sept. 10, 2009) (stray voltage)

Heritage Farms, Inc. v. Markel Ins. Co., 762 N.W.2d 652 (Wis. 2009) (upholding statute awarding double damages for fire set under set circumstances)  Text

Gumz v. N. States Power Co., 742 N.W.2d 271 (Wis. 2007) (stray voltage)   Text

Bryhan v. Pink, 718 N.W.2d 112 (Wis. Ct. App. 2006) (damages for trespassing cattle)   Text

Johnson v. Nat’l Fire Ins. Co. of Hartford, 562 N.W.2d 927 (Wis. Ct. App. 1997) (injuries action, defining “owner” under recreational immunity law)

Verdoljak v. Mosinee Paper Corp., 547 N.W.2d 602 (Wis. 1996) (landowner’s limited liability for an injury)   Text

Sievert v. Am. Family Mut. Ins. Co., 528 N.W.2d 413 (Wis. 1995) (walking on dock to greet neighbor is not “recreational activity”)   Text

Hudson v. Janesville Conservation Club, 484 N.W.2d 132 (Wis. 1992) (immunity from liability for injuries caused by wild animal)   Text

Lee v. Elk Rod & Gun Club, Inc., 473 N.W.2d 581 (Wis. Ct. App. 1991) (personal injuries action against hunting and fishing club)   Text

Hall v. Turtle Lake Lions Club, 431 N.W.2d 696 (Wis. Ct. App. 1988) (injuries sustained during agricultural fair, definition of “owner”)   Text

White v. Leeder, 424 N.W.2d 722 (Wis. Ct. App. 1988) rev’d, 440 N.W.2d 557 (Wis. 1989) (herdsman’s action to recover for injuries sustained when bull butted him)   Text


Johnson v. Dale C. & Helen W. Johnson Family Revocable Trust, 2015 WY 42, 345 P.3d 883 (Wyo. 2015)(fall from hay wagon)

Beckwith v. Weber, 2012 WY 62, 277 P.3d 713 (Wyo. 2012)(fall from horse while on trail ride) Text

Long v. Daly, 156 P.3d 994 (Wyo. 2007) (duty of care in maintaining fences)   Text

Foote v. Simek, 139 P.3d 455 (Wyo. 2006) (recreational ranch owner’s duty of care to employee)   Text

Reed v. Cloninger, 131 P.3d 359 (Wyo. 2006) (irrigation flooding)   Text

White v. Allen, 115 P.3d 8 (Wyo. 2005) (enjoining servient estate holder from placing gates on cattle guard)  Text

Dorsett v. Moore, 61 P.3d 1221 (Wyo. 2003) (liability for fence repairs)   Text

Andersen v. Two Dot Ranch, Inc., 49 P.3d 1011 (Wyo. 2002) (duty of care for open range cattle)  Text

Halpern v. Wheeldon, 890 P.2d 562 (Wyo. 1995) (liability under recreation safety act)   Text

Haderlie v. Sondgeroth, 866 P.2d 703 (Wyo. 1993) (personal injury action)   Text