Case Law Index Conservation Programs

September 12, 1990 – January 21, 2020


This index provides a comprehensive though not necessarily exhaustive compilation of reported and unreported federal and state court decisions involving the conservation programs that were decided between the dates listed above. The cases are listed in reverse chronological order. The “Text” link goes to the freely available Google Scholar text of the opinion.  These listings are for educational purposes only, and are not a substitute for legal counsel.


Graham County Soil & Water Conservation Dist. v. United States ex rel. Wilson, 545 U.S. 409 (2005) (False Claims Act)  Text


Marslette v. Glickman, No. Civ.A. 00-509-SLR, 2003 WL 21035015 (D. Del. April 28, 2003) (discrimination claim)

Marslette v. Glickman, No. Civ.A. 00-816-SLR, 2003 WL 1697535 (D. Del. March 26, 2003) (discrimination claim)


Bass v. Vilsack, 595 F. App’x 216 (4th Cir. 2014)) (wetland determination) Text

Davis v. Vilsack, No. 7:13cv00026, 2014 WL 2547746 (W.D. Va. June 5, 2014) (Agency erroneously terminated CREP contract) Text

U.S. ex rel. Wilson v. Graham County Soil & Water Conservation Dist., 528 F.3d 292 (4th Cir. 2008) (False Claim Act)  Text

Holly Hill Farm Corp. v. United States, 447 F.3d 258 (4th Cir. 2006) (Swampbuster benefit eligibility)  Text

United States ex rel. Wilson v. Graham County Soil & Water Conservation Dist., 224 F. Supp. 2d 1042 (W.D.N.C. 2002) (False Claims Act)  Text

United States ex rel. Wilson v. Graham County Soil & Water Conservation Dist., No. Civ. 2:01CV19, 2002 WL 31455718 (W.D.N.C. May 30, 2002) (False Claims Act)

United States ex rel. Wilson v. Graham County Soil & Water Conservation Dist., No. 2:01CV19-T, 2002 WL 487162 (W.D.N.C. Mar. 25, 2002) (False Claims Act)


Dawson Farms, LLC v. Farm Serv. Agency, 504 F.3d 592 (5th Cir. 2007) (failure to exhaust administrative remedies)  Text

Barrientos v. United States, Civil Action No. L-05-163, 2006 WL 2414348 (S.D. Tex. Aug. 14, 2006) (breach of contract)

In re Baker, 307 B.R. 860 (Bankr. N.D. Tex. 2003) (homestead exemption)  Text


Maple Drive Farms Ltd. Partnership v. Vilsack, 781 F.3d 837 (6th Cir. 2015) (prior-converted wetland determination) Text

Durbin v. Farm Serv. Agency, No. C2:05-CV-566, 2007 WL 1114986 (S.D. Ohio April 13, 2007) (wetland determination)


Close Armstrong, LLC v. Trunkline Gas Company, LLC, 434 F.Supp.3d 658, 2020 WL 363910, (N.D. Ind. 2020) (easements granted for gas company) Text

Mittelstadt v. Perdue, 913 F.3d 626 (7th Cir. 2019) (Agency did not abuse its discretion in denying reenrollment in CRP) Text

Boucher v. U.S. Dep’t of Agric., 934 F.3d 530 (7th Cir. 2019) (determination of converted wetland was arbitrary and capricious)

Reichenbach v. U.S. Dep’t. of Agric., No. 1:10-cv-994-WTL-TAB, 2013 WL 74608 (S.D. Ind. 2013) (wetland determination) Text

Bedeker v. United States, Nos. 07 C 6014, 08 C 1711, 2009 WL 691288 (N.D. Ill. Mar. 23, 2009) (violation of Swampbuster)

Horn Farms, Inc. v. Johanns, 397 F.3d 472 (7th Cir. 2005) (wetland conversion)  Text

Horn Farms, Inc. v. Veneman, 319 F. Supp. 2d 902 (N.D. Ind. 2004) (wetland conversion)  Text


Davids as Trustee of Harold D. v. U.S. Dep’t. of Agric., 367 F.Supp.3d 880 (N.D. Iowa 2019) (minimal effect on wetland exemption) Text

Kerber v. Carver County Farm Service Agency, No. 18-907 (MJD/BRT), 2018 WL 6529494 (D. Minn. Dec. 12, 2018) (lack of jurisdiction) Text

Foster v. Vilsack, 820 F.3d 330 (8th Cir. 2016) (wetland determination) Text

Rodgers v. Vilsack, No. 2:14-CV-81 NAB, 2015 WL 4488078 (E.D. Mo. July 23, 2015) (conservation easement part of Wetlands Reserve Program) Text

Morehouse v. C.I.R., 769 F.3d 616 (8th Cir. 2014) (CRP payments to non-farmers excluded from self-employment tax) Text

Peterson v. U.S. Dep’t of Agric., No. 3:13-cv-34, 2014 WL 4809398 (D.N.D. Sept. 26, 2014) (misapplication of law by Agency in determination of convert wetland) Text

Herden v. United States, 726 F.3d 1042, 2013 WL 4033935 (8th Cir. 2013) (tort claim for action involving pasture land enrolled in conservation program) Text

B & D Land & Livestock Co. v. Schafer, 584 F.Supp.2d 1182 (N.D. Iowa 2008) (violations of Swampbuster)  Text

Clark v. U.S. Dep’t of Agric., 537 F.3d 934 (8th Cir. 2008) (wetlands determination)  Text

Wheeler v. USDA, No. Civ. 05-1052, 2008 WL 220614 (D. S.D. Jan. 24, 2008) (False claims)

In re Houston, 385 B.R. 268 (Bankr. N.D. Iowa 2008) (Fraudulent transfer of CRP payments)  Text

Groenendyk v. Johanns, No.4:06-CV-00212 JAJ, 2008 WL 428157 (S.D. Iowa Feb. 12, 2008) (review of wetlands determination)

Wolfhole, Inc. v. USDA, No. 1:07CV73 CDP, 2008 WL 1805369 (E.D. Mo. April 17, 2008) (Conservation Security Program)

B & D Land & Livestock Co. v. Conner, No. C 07-3070-MWB, 2008 WL 191892 (N.D. Iowa Jan. 22, 2008) (wetland conversion)

Clark v. USDA, 492 F. Supp. 2d 1085 (S.D. Iowa 2007) (wetland determination)  Text

Ballanger v. Johanns, 451 F. Supp. 2d 1061 (S.D. Iowa 2006) (Swampbuster benefit eligibility)  Text

Siebrasse v. USDA, 418 F.3d 847 (8th Cir. 2005) (fraudulent transfer of land)  Text

In re Schrandt, No. 04-04172, 2005 WL 1629798 (Bankr. N.D. Iowa July 11, 2005) (public assistance benefits exception)

B & D Land & Livestock Co. v. Veneman, 332 F. Supp. 2d 1200 (N.D. Iowa 2004) (wetland conversion)  Text

B & D Land & Livestock Co. v. Veneman, 231 F. Supp. 2d 895 (N.D. Iowa 2002) (wetland conversion)  Text

Branstad v. Veneman, 232 F. Supp. 2d 945 (N.D. Iowa 2002) (attorneys’ fees)  Text

Branstad v. Veneman, 212 F. Supp. 2d 976 (N.D. Iowa 2002) (administrative appeal)  Text

State of N.D. ex rel. Bd. Of University and School Lands v. Yeutter, 914 F.2d 1031 (8th Cir. 1990) (denial of application to place land in Conservation Reserve Program) Text


Koshman v. Vilsack, 865 F.Supp.2d (E.D. Cal. 2012) (USDA did not determine the rice farmer converted wetland on his property in accordance with the law) Text

Adam Bros. Farming, Inc. v. County of Santa Barbara, 604 F.3d 1142 (9th Cir. 2010) (challenge to wetland delineation as a taking)  Text

Nat’l Wildlife Fed’n v. Schaefer, No. CV08-1004-JCC (W.D. Wash. July 24, 2008) (allowing haying and grazing of CRP lands). Click here for the full text of the unreported decision.

O’Hagan v. Von Borstel, Adv. No. 03-3523, 2007 WL 3128360 (Bankr. D. Or. Oct. 24, 2007) (CRP contract as partnership asset)

O’Hagan v. Von Borstel, No. 03-3523, 2007 WL 1039202 (Bankr. D. Or. Mar. 29, 2007) (CRP contract as partnership asset)

Citizens for Honesty & Integrity in Reg’l Planning v. County of San Diego, 399 F.3d 1067 (9th Cir. 2005) (jurisdiction)  Text

Nat’l Wildlife Fed’n v. Johanns, No. C04-2169Z, 2005 WL 1189583 (W.D. Wash. May 19, 2005) (haying and grazing complaint, standing)

Citizens for Honesty & Integrity in Reg’l Planning v. County of San Diego, 258 F. Supp. 2d 1132 (S.D. Cal. 2003) (preemption)  Text

Big Meadows Grazing Ass’n v. United States, 344 F.3d 940 (9th Cir. 2003) (easement, landowner assent)  Text

Beard v. Glickman, 189 F.Supp.2d 994, 2001 WL 1807943, (C.D. Cal. 2001) (appealing denial of renewed participation in Conservation Reserve Program) Text

Winchell v. U.S. Dep’t of Agriculture, 961 F.2d 1442 (9th Cir. 1992) (Montana farmer forced into bankruptcy after participation in Soil Conservation Service) Text


Penner v. Vilsack, No. 11-1059-KHV, 2011 WL 6258820 (D. Kan. 2011) (failure to exhaust administrative remedies) Text

Biller v. Veneman, 150 Fed. App’x 834 (10th Cir. 2005) (failure to control noxious weeds)

Payton v. USDA, 337 F.3d 1163 (10th Cir. 2003) (jurisdiction)  Text

In re Clark, 288 B.R. 237 (Bankr. D. Kan. 2003) (Chapter 12 eligibility)  Text

Sanders Land & Cattle Co. v. Dep’t of Agric., 49 Fed. App’x 211 (10th Cir. 2002) (failure to show ownership)


Balfour Land Co., L.P. v. United States, No. 7:08-cv-34 (HL), 2009 WL 1796068 (M.D. Ga. June 22, 2009) (termination of CRP contracts by FSA for failing to get FSA approval in selling CRP land)


Multi AG Media LLC v. Dep’t of Agric., Civil Action No. 05-01908 (HHK), 2006 WL 2320941 (D.D.C. Aug. 9, 2006) (FOIA disclosure)

Strong v. Glickman, 50 F.Supp.2d 1, 1999 WL 336045, (D.D.C. Jan. 15, 1999) (Alleging violations of the APA by canceling farmer’s conservation Reserve Program) Text


James M. Fogg Farms, Inc. v. United States, 134 Fed.Cl. 363, 2017 WL 4275852 (Fed. Cl. 2017) (Conservation Security Program participants did not have a contractual right to anything provided in CSP statute) Text

Earman v. United States, 114 Fed.Cl. 81 (Fed. Cl. 2013) (Provision of CSP statute were not incorporated into participants contract, precluding breach of contract claims) Text

Doe v. United States, 106 Fed.Cl. 118 (Fed. Cl. 2012) (CSP contracts and administrative exhaustion)

Meyers v. United States, 96 Fed. Cl. 34 (Fed. Cl. 2010) (seeking damages under the Tucker Act for payments ranchers would have received if classified under the Conservation Security Program) Text

Rick’s Mushroom Serv., Inc. v. U.S., 521 F.3d 1338 (Fed. Cir. 2008) (dispute of cost-share agreement)  Text

Esch v. United States, 77 Fed. Cl. 582 (Fed. Cl. 2007) (offset of loan debt)

Cottrell v. United States, 71 Fed. Cl. 559 (Fed. Cl. 2006) (statute of limitations; failure to exhaust remedies)

Farmers & Merchants Bank of Eatonton, Georgia v. United States, 43 Fed.Cl. 38 (Fed. Cl. 1999) (lacking jurisdiction over breach of loan guarantee)


County of Colusa v. Cal. Wildlife Conservation Bd., 52 Cal. Rptr. 3d 1 (Cal. Ct. App. 2006) (Williamson Act challenge)  Text

Cal. Farm Bureau Fed’n v. Cal. Wildlife Conservation Bd., 49 Cal. Rptr. 3d 169 (Cal. Ct. App. 2006) (California Environmental Quality Act exemption)  Text


C.P. Bedrock, LLC v. Denver County Bd. Of Equalization, 259 P.3d 514 (Colo. Ct. App. 2011) (tax classification and treatment) Text

Hepp v. Boulder County Assessor, 113 P.3d 1268 (Colo. Ct. App. 2005) (tax classification and valuation)  Text


O’Neill v. Town of Middletown, C.A. No. 2478-VCN, 2007 WL 1114019 (Del. Ch. Mar. 29, 2007) (zoning, Source Water Protection Program)


Coulter v. St. John’s Water Mgmt. Dist., 799 So. 2d 267 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 2001) (sales transaction involving Wetlands Reserve Program)  Text


Kruse v. DeKalb County Plan Comm’n, 29 N.E.3d 821 (Ind. Ct. App. 2015) (violated zoning ordinance)

Webb v. Schleutker, 891 N.E.2d 1144 (Ind. Ct. App. 2008) (CSP payments are marital property)  Text

Graham Creek Farms v. Ind. Dep’t of State Revenue, 819 N.E.2d 151 (Ind. Tax Ct. 2004) (tax exemption)  Text


Mart v. Mart, 824 N.W.2d 535 (Iowa Ct. App. 2012) (landlords are not entitled to forcible entry and detainer when farm tenant cured material breach by restoration of wetlands and landlords incurred no damages) Text


Steffen v. S & S Oil, 237 P.3d 668 (Kan. Ct. App. 2010) (individual must assume CRP contract after purchasing tract of land)

Markel Properties, LLC v. Siebler, No. 94,314, 2006 WL 538554 (Kan. Ct. App. Mar. 3, 2006) (adverse possession)

In re Protest of Smith, 39 P.3d 66 (Kan. 2002) (tax classification)  Text


Morgan v. Pardue, 206 So.3d 280 (La. Ct. App. 2016) (failed to succeed CRP contract) Text


K & G Farms v. Monroe County Serv. Co., 134 S.W.3d 40 (Mo. Ct. App. 2003) (landlord’s payment of expenses)  Text


Hjartarson v. Hjartarson, 147 P.3d 164 (Mont. 2006) (designated operator change)  Text

Weter v. Archambault, 61 P.3d 771 (Mont. 2002) (wrongful occupation)  Text

Henderson v. Estate of Henderson, No. 00-489, 2002 WL 473539 (Mont. Mar. 28, 2002) (breach of contract)


Alberts v. Alberts, No. A-18-075, 2019 WL 719001 (Neb. Ct. App. 2019) (CRP payments considered postfiling assets and not part of the marital estate) Text

Camden v. Papio-Missouri River Natural Resources District, 854 N.W.2d 334 (Neb. Ct. App. 2014) (failed to show reasonable attempt to induce acceptance of offer to acquire easement) Text

Barthel v. Liermann, 842 N.W.2d 624 (Neb. Ct. App. 2014) (no breach of duty to clean shared drainage ditch) Text


Jicarilla Apache Nation v. Rodarte. 103 P.3d 554 (N.M. 2004) (tax assessment)   Text

Jicarilla Apache Nation v. Rodarte, 92 P.3d 642 (N.M. Ct. App. 2004) (tax assessment)  Text


Schmidt v. Wittinger, 687 N.W.2d 479 (N.D. 2004) (duty of joint tenants)  Text


Wetland Preservation Ltd. v. Corlett, 975 N.E.2d 1033 (Ohio Ct. App. 2012) (tax valuation) Text

Hardy v. Delaware County Bd. of Revision, 835 N.E.2d 348 (Ohio 2005) (property tax rate)

Wetland Resource Ctr., L.L.C. v. Marion County Auditor, 809 N.E.2d 1202 (Ohio Ct. App. 2004) (tax valuation)


Bridgeview Vineyards, Inc. v. State Land Bd. of Or., 154 P.3d 734 (Or. Ct. App. 2007) (state fill and removal law)  Text


Vivian Loomis Family, LLC v. Bell, No. 36200-1-III, 2019 WL 2241854 (Wash. Ct. App. May 23, 2019) (buildings were not a subordinate part of CRP contracts) Text

Muriby v. Anderson, 172 Wash. Ct. App. 1007 (Wash. Ct. App. 2012) (accord and satisfaction) Text

Cox v. Klicker, 139 Wash. Ct. App. 1003 (Wash. Ct. App. 2007) (division of property)


Winter v. Wis. Dep’t of Revenue, No. 2005AP2376, 2007 WL 59371 (Wis. Ct. App. Jan. 10, 2007) (assessment)

Fee v. Bd. of Review for Florence, 657 N.W.2d 112 (Wis. Ct. App. 2002) (taxation)  Text