Case Law Index Clean Water Act

January 1, 2002 – March 1, 2011


This index provides a comprehensive though not necessarily exhaustive compilation of reported and unreported federal and state court decisions involving the Clean Water Act that were decided between the dates listed above.  The cases are listed in reverse chronological order.The “Text” link goes to the freely available Google Scholar text of the opinion. These listings are for educational purposes only, and are not a substitute for legal counsel.




Couer Alaska, Inc. v. Se. Alaska Conservation Council, 129 S. Ct. 2458 (2009) (Corp was proper agency to get discharge permit from; defer to agency granting discharge permit)  Text

Nat’l Ass’n of Home Builders v. Defenders of Wildlife, 127 S. Ct. 2518 (2007) (criteria for EPA to transfer permitting authority to state)  Text

Rapanos v. U.S., 547 U.S. 715 (2006) (scope of the CWA to protect wetlands)  Text

S. Fla. Water Management Dist. v. Miccosukee Tribe of Indians, 541 U.S. 95 (2004) (scope of NPDES permit)  Text



Hernandez v. Esso Standard Oil Co., 599 F.Supp.2d 175 (D. P.R. 2009) (right to have jury hear CWA claims)  Text

U.S. v. Johnson, 467 F.3d 56 (1st Cir. 2006), cert. denied, 128 S. Ct. 375 (2007) (application of Rapanos)

Natural Res. Council of Me. v. Int’l Paper Co., 424 F.Supp.2d 235 (D. Me. 2006) (citizen suit standing, notice)  Text

U.S. Pub. Interest Research Group v. Atl. Salmon of Me., LLC., 339 F.3d 23 (1st Cir. 2003) (granting injunction to remedy past CWA violations)  Text

U.S. Pub. Interest Research Group v. Atl. Salmon of Me., LLC., 215 F.Supp.2d 239 (D. Me. 2002) (citizen suit against salmon farm)  Text

U.S. Pub. Interest Research Group v. Stolt Sea Farms, Inc., No. CIV.00-149-B-C, 2002 WL 240386 (D. Me. Feb. 19, 2002) (citizen suit, pollutant, navigable waters, point source)  Text

U.S. Pub. Interest Research Group v. Heritage Salmon, Inc., No. CIV.00-150-B-C, 2002 WL 240440 (D. Me. Feb. 19, 2002) (citizen suit, pollutant, navigable waters, point source)



Humane Soc’y of U.S. v. HVFG, No. 06 CV 6829(HB), 2010 WL 3322512 (S.D. N.Y. 2010) (violations for discharges by foie gras manufacturer)  Text

Humane Soc’y of United States v. HVFG, LLC, No. 06 CV 6829(HB), 2010 WL 1837785 (S.D.N.Y. May 06, 2010) (private party action for a violation of the Clean Water Act)

Peconic Baykeeper, Inc. v. Suffolk County, 600 F.3d 180 (2d Cir. 2010) (discharge of pesticide into “waters of the U.S.”)  Text

George v. Reisdorf Bros., Inc., — F.Supp.2d —, 2010 WL 502784 (W.D.N.Y. Feb. 10, 2010) (standing; jurisdiction of CWA; pollutant)  Text

Catskill Mountains Chapter of Trout Unlimited, Inc. v. U.S. Envtl. Prot. Agency, Nos. 08-CV-5606 (KMK), 08-CV-8430 (KMK), 2009 WL 1174802 (S.D. N.Y. Apr. 29, 2009) (EPA’s exclusion of water transfers from NPDES permit requirements)  Text

Coon v. Willet Dairy, Ltd. P’shp, Nos. 5:02-CV-1195 FJS/GJD, 5:04-CV-917-FJS/GJD, 2009 WL 890580 (N.D.N.Y. Mar. 31, 2009) (awarding attorneys’ fees under CWA and RCRA)  Text

Peconic Baykeeper, Inc. v. Suffolk County, 585 F.Supp.2d 377 (E.D.N.Y. 2008) (discharge of an adulticide was not in violation of CWA)  Text

Coon ex rel. Coon v. Willet Dairy, Ltd. P’ship, 536 F.3d 171 (2d Cir. 2008) (permit shield)  Text

Coon v. Willet Dairy, LP, Nos. 5:02-CV-1195 (FJS/GJD), 5:04-CV-917 (FJS/GJD), 2007 WL 2071746 (N.D.N.Y. July 17, 2007) (filling and diversion of streams and wetlands, permit shield)  Text

Simsbury-Avon Pres. Soc’y, LLC v. Metacon Gun Club, 472 F.Supp.2d 219 (D. Conn. 2007) (no significant nexus to navigable waters)   Text

No Spray Coal., Inc. v. City of N.Y., No. 00 Civ. 5395(GBD), 2005 WL 1354041 (S.D.N.Y. June 8, 2005) (discharge of pesticide)  Text

Waterkeeper Alliance, Inc. v. EPA, 399 F.3d 486 (2d Cir. 2005) (challenge to CAFO rules)  Text

No Spray Coal. v. City of New York, No. 00 Civ. 5395(GBD), 2005 WL 1354041 (S.D.N.Y. June 8, 2005)  Text

No Spray Coal., Inc. v. City of N.Y., 351 F.3d 602 (2d Cir. 2003) (citizen suit to enforce CWA)  Text

Altman v. Town of Amherst, N.Y., 47 F. App’x 62 (2d Cir. 2002) (FIFRA preemption of NPDES permits)




Thompson v. Horsham Twp., 576 F.Supp.2d 681 (E.D. Pa. 2008) (lack of subject matter over stormwater management)  Text

Reynolds v. Rick’s Mushroom Serv., Inc., 246 F. Supp. 2d 449 (E.D. Pa. 2003) (“point source”; “pollutant”)  Text

Am. Littoral Soc’y v. U.S. EPA, 199 F.Supp.2d 217 (D. N.J. 2002) (state approved CWA water bodies lists)  Text



Waltman v. King William County School Bd., No. 3:10CV72-HEH, 2010 WL 1006889 (E.D. Va. Mar. 16, 2010) (stormwater exemption)

Sierra Club v. Powellton Coal Co., No. 2:08-1363, 2009 WL 2524746 (S.D. W. Va. Aug. 18, 2009) (citizen suit under CWA was not precluded by state law)  Text

Ohio Valley Envtl. Coal. v. Hurst, 604 F.Supp.2d 860 (S.D. W. Va. 2009) (nationwide permit did not take into account all environmental impacts required)  Text

W. Va. Highlands Conservancy v. Huffman, 588 F.Supp.2d 678 (N.D. W. Va. 2009) (emitting pollutants without NPDES permit)  Text

The Piney Run Pres. Ass’n v. County Comm’rs of Carroll County, Md., 523 F.3d 453 (4th Cir. 2008) (“diligent” prosecution by state)  Text

Wyatt v. Sussex Surry, LLC, 482 F.Supp.2d 740 (E.D. Va. 2007) (CWA does not preempt state common law claims)  Text

Potomac Riverkeeper, Inc. v. U.S. EPA, No. RDB 04-38845, 2006 WL 890755 (D. Md. March 31, 2006) (lack of jurisdiction, time limits to create TMDLs)

Ohio Valley Envtl. Coalition v. Horinko, 279 F.Supp.2d 732 (S.D. W.Va. 2003) (state antidegradation policy)  Text

N.C. Shellfish Growers Ass’n v. Holly Ridge Assoc., L.L.C., 278 F.Supp.2d 654 (E.D.N.C. 2003) (jurisdiction, point source, pollutant, discharge)  Text

Am. Canoe Ass’n v. Murphy Farms, Inc., 326 F.3d 505 (4th Cir. 2003) (jurisdiction and standing)  Text

O’Brien v. Appomattox County, 213 F. Supp. 2d 627 (W.D. Va. 2002) (county ordinance to prevent the application of biosolids)  Text



Nat’l Pork Producers Council v. E.P.A., No. 08-61093, 2011 WL 871736 (5th Cir. March 15, 2011) (petition for review of EPA rules regulating water pollutant emission by animal feeding operations)

Evntl. Conservation Org. v. City of Dallas, No. 07-11247, 2008 WL 5243638 (5th Cir. Dec. 17, 2008) (denial of attorneys’ fees under citizen suit provision)  Text

U.S. v. Lucas, 516 F.3d 316 (5th Cir. 2008) (discharges by septic tank into wetlands)  Text



Fitzgibbons v. Cook & Thorburn & Hancock County Drainage Dists., No. 1:08-CV-165, 2009 WL 2170364 (W.D. Mich. July 21, 2009) (denial of attorneys’ fees under CWA)  Text

United States v. Cundiff, 555 F.3d 200 (6th Cir. 2009) (jurisdiction over wetlands; “normal farming” exemption to permit)  Text

Nat’l Cotton Council of Am. v. U.S. Envtl. Prot. Agency, 553 F.3d 927 (6th Cir. 2009) (exemption of pesticides from the Clean Water Act)  Text

Ky. Waterways Alliance v. Johnson, 540 F.3d 466 (6th Cir. 2008) (review of state antidegradation water quality standards)  Text

Ky. Waterways Alliance v. Johnson, 426 F.Supp.2d 612 (W.D. Ky. 2006) (review of antidegradation standards, CAFO rules)  Text

Tungett v. Papierski, No. 3:05-CV-289, 2006 WL 51148 (E.D. Tenn. Jan. 10, 2006) (subject matter over citizen suits)

Johnson County Citizen Committee for Clean Air and Water v. EPA, No. 3:05-0222, 2005 WL 2204953 (M.D. Tenn. Sept. 9, 2005) (state NPDES permit)

Am. Canoe Ass’n, Inc. v. City of Louisa Water & Sewer Comm’n, 389 F.3d 536 (6th Cir. 2004) (standing to bring citizen suit)  Text



Domino v. Didion Ethanol, LLC, 670 F.Supp.2d 901 (W.D. Wis. 2009) (standing; violations of permit)  Text

United States v. Fabian, 522 F.Supp.2d 1078 (N.D. Ind. 2007) (significant nexus to navigable waters, CWA violation)  Text

Greenfield Mills, Inc. v. Macklin, 361 F.3d 934 (7th Cir. 2004) (§ 404 permit)  Text

Save the Valley, Inc. v. EPA, 223 F. Supp. 2d 997 (S.D. Ind. 2002) (implementation of CWA)  Text



Serv. Oil, Inc. v. EPA, 590 F.3d 545 (8th Cir. 2009) (authority under CWA to assess administrative penalties)  Text

Thomas v. Jackson, 581 F.3d 658 (8th Cir. 2009) (upholding Iowa’s water quality assessment and standards)  Text

United States v. Bailey, 571 F.3d 791 (8th Cir. 2009) (enforcement of Corps’ order to restore wetlands)  Text

Thomas v. U.S. EPA, No. C06-0115, 2007 WL 4439483 (N.D. Iowa Dec. 17, 2007) (removal and addition of impaired waterbodies)

U.S. v. Bailey, 516 F.Supp.2d 998 (D. Minn. 2007) (scope of wetlands protection)  Text

Green Acres Enter., Inc. v. United States, F.3d 852 (8th Cir. 2005) (taking, “incidental fallback”)   Text

Minn. Ctr. for Envtl. Advocacy v. U.S. EPA, No. CIV03-5450(DWF/SRN), 2005 WL 1490331 (D. Minn. June 23, 2005) (invalidating state TMDL)

Mo. Soybean Ass’n v. EPA, 289 F.3d 509 (8th Cir. 2002) (jurisdiction)  Text



Northwest Envtl. Defense Ctr. v. Brown, 617 F.3d 1176 (9th Cir. 2010) (discharge of stormwater from ditches without permits)  Text

Sequoia Forestkeeper v. U.S. Forest Serv., No. 1:09-cv-00392-LJO-JLT, 2010 WL 2464857 (E.D. Cal. June 12, 2010) (alleged failure to provide an Environmental Impact Statement)

Wild Fish Conservancy v. EPA, No. C08-0156-JCC, 2010 WL 1734850 (W.D. Wash. April 28, 2010) (challenge to state regulations exempting salmon farms)  Text

Wild Fish Conservancy v. Quilcene Nat’l Fish Hatchery, No. C08-5585BHS, 2009 WL 3380655 (W.D. Wash. Oct. 19, 2009) (fish hatchery under CWA)

St. John’s Organic Farm v. Gem County Mosquito Abatement Dist., 574 F.3d 1054 (9th Cir. 2009) (citizen suit by organic farm for pesticide discharges without a permit; plaintiff entitled to attorney’s fees)  Text

Ctr. For Biological Diversity v. Wagner, No. 08-302-CL, 2009 WL 21706049 (D. Or. June 20, 2009) (best management practices did not violate CWA)  Text

Barnum Timber Co. v. U.S. Envtl. Prot. Agency, No. C 08-01988 WHA, 2008 WL 5115088 (N.D. Cal. Dec. 4, 2008) (retention of water body on state’s impair list)

Barnum Timber Co. v. U.S. Envtl. Prot. Agency, No. C 08-01988 WHA, 2008 WL 4447690 (N.D. Cal. Sept. 29, 2008) (challenging EPA’s list of impaired state waters)

Coldani v. Hamm, No. 2:07-CV-0660- JAM EFB, 2008 WL 4104292 (E.D. Cal. Sept. 3, 2008) (joinder of necessary party in CWA suit against dairy)

Our Children’s Earth Found. v. U.S. E.P.A., 527 F.3d 842 (9th Cir. 2008) (review of EPA’s review of effluent guidelines)  Text

Coldani v. Hamm, No. Civ. S-07-660 RRB EFB, 2007 WL 2345016 (E.D. Cal. Aug. 16, 2007) (citizen suit requirements, navigable waters)

City of Los Angeles v. County of Kern, 509 F.Supp.2d 865 (C.D. Cal. 2007) (no preemption of land applications of biosolids)  Text

Lindner v. Meadow Gold Dairies, Inc., 515 F.Supp.2d 1154 (D. Haw. 2007) (the CWA did not frustrate a lease)  Text

N. Cal. River Watch v. City of Healdsburg, 496 F.3d 993 (9th Cir. 2007) (significant nexus to navigable waters)  Text

U.S. v. Moses, 496 F.3d 984 (9th Cir. 2007) (water of the United States, what is a discharge)  Text

San Francisco Baykeeper v. Cargill Salt Div., 481 F.3d 700 (9th Cir. 2007) (waters of the United States)  Text

Envtl. Prot. Info. Ctr. v. Pac. Lumber Co., 469 F.Supp.2d 803 (N.D. Cal. 2007) (discharge, point source, navigable waters)  Text

Or. Natural Desert Ass’n v. U.S. Forest Serv., No. 07-634-AS, 2007 WL 140657 (D. Or. Jan. 10, 2007) (grazing runoff is not a point source)  Text

Baccarat Fremont Developers, LLC v. U.S. Army Corps Eng’rs, 425 F.3d 1150 (9th Cir. 2005) (jurisdiction over wetlands)  Text

Fairhurst v. Hagener, 422 F.3d 1146 (9th Cir. 2005) (pesticide applications)  Text

U.S. v. Adam Bros. Farming, Inc., No. CV-00-7409 CAS (RNBx), 2005 WL 5957827 (C.D. Cal. Jan. 25, 2005) (control of discharges in waters of the U.S.)

U.S. v. Adam Bros. Farming, Inc., 369 F.Supp.2d 1180 (C.D. Cal. 2004) (jurisdiction of the CWA)  Text

U.S. v. Phillips, 367 F.3d 846 (9th Cir. 2004) (navigability of waters)  Text

U.S. v. Adam Bros. Farming, Inc., 369 F.Supp.2d 1166 (C.D. Cal. 2003) (jurisdiction of the CWA)  Text

Friends of Wild Swan v. U.S. EPA, 74 F. App’x 718 (9th Cir. 2003) (review of state’s TMDLs for water quality limited segments)

City of Arcadia v. U.S. EPA, 265 F.Supp.2d 1142 (N.D. Cal. 2003) (approval of state-submitted TMDLs)  Text

N. Plains Res. Council v. Fid. Exploration & Dev. Co., 325 F.3d 1155 (9th Cir. 2003) (state created CWA permit exemption)  Text

Nw. Envtl. Advocates v. U.S. EPA, 268 F.Supp.2d 1255 (D. Or. 2003) (water quality standards and antidegradation plan)  Text

Hiebenthal v. Meduri Farms, 242 F. Supp. 2d 885 (D. Or. 2002) (jurisdiction)  Text

League of Wilderness Defenders/Blue Mountains Biodiversity Project v. Forsgren, 309 F.3d 1181 (9th Cir. 2002) (“point source”)  Text

Comty. Ass’n for Restoration of the Env’t v. Henry Bosma Dairy, 305 F.3d 943 (9th Cir. 2002) (“citizen suit,” “navigable waters”)  Text

United States v. New Portland Meadows, Inc., No. 00-507-AS, 2002 WL 31180956 (D. Or. Sept. 9, 2002) (discharges by racetrack)

Ass’n to Protect Hammersley, Eld, and Totten Inlets v. Taylor Resources, Inc., 299 F.3d 1007 (9th Cir. 2002) (mussel farming discharges)  Text

San Francisco BayKeeper v. Whitman, 297 F.3d 877 (9th Cir. 2002) (state submitted TMDLs)  Text

Pronsolino v. Nastri, 291 F.3d 1123 (9th Cir. 2002), cert. denied, 539 U.S. 926 (2003) (TMDL authority)  Text

Cal. Sportfishing Prot. Alliance v. Diablo Grande, Inc., 209 F.Supp.2d 1059 (E.D. Cal. 2002) (standing, navigable water, discharge)  Text

Borden Ranch P’ship v. U.S. Army Corps of Eng’rs, 261 F.3d 810 (9th Cir. 2001), aff’d by an equally divided court, 537 U.S. 99 (2002) (normal farming exemption, recapture provision)  Text



New Salida Ditch Co. v. United Fire & Cas. Ins. Co., No. 08-cv-00391-JLK, 2009 WL 5126498 (D. Colo. Dec. 18, 2009) (insurance duty to defend; unpermitted discharge of fill material)  Text

Ctr. for Native Ecosystems v. Cables, 509 F.3d 1310 (10th Cir. 2007) (grazing permits did not violate CWA)  Text

Kersenbrock v. Stoneman Cattle Co., LLC, No. 07-1044-MLB, 65 ERC 2016, 2007 WL 2219288 (D. Kan. July, 30, 2007) (standing to bring citizen suit)  Text

Karr v. Hefner, 475 F.3d 1192 (10th Cir. 2007) (diligent prosecution by EPA, adequacy of notice)   Text

U.S. v. Hubenka, 438 F.3d 1026 (10th Cir. 2006) (tributary rule, dredge and fill by irrigation district)  Text

Defenders of Wildlife v. U.S. EPA, 415 F.3d 1121 (10th Cir. 2005) (state water quality standards)  Text

Swartz v. Beach, 229 F. Supp. 2d 1239 (D. Wyo. 2002) (CWA violations, takings issues)  Text



New Hope Power Co. v. U.S. Army Corps of Eng’rs, No. 10-22777-CIV, 2010 WL 3834991 (S.D. Fla. Sept. 29, 2010) (Corps violated APA by adopting rules related to prior converted croplands without public notice period)

Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Fla. v. U.S. — F.Supp.2d —-, 2010 WL 1506267 (S.D. Fla. 2010) (challenge forcing EPA to modify water quality standards and NPDES permits)  Text

Friends of Everglades v. S. Fla. Water Mgmt. Dist., 570 F.3d 1210 (11th Cir. 2009) (transfer of pollutant from one navigable body of water to another did not require NPDES permit)  Text

Ogeechee-Canoochee Riverkeeper, Inc. v. U.S. EPA, No. 606CV102, 2008 WL 2199369 (S.D. Ga. May 27, 2008) (silviculture exemption to § 404)  Text

U.S. v. Robison, 505 F.3d 1208 (11th Cir. 2007) (“navigable waters” under the Clean Water Act)  Text

Sierra Club, Inc. v. Leavitt, 488 F.3d 904 (11th Cir. 2007) (impaired waters list)  Text

Sierra Club v. U.S. EPA, 377 F.Supp.2d 1205 (N.D. Fla. 2005) (EPA’s review of state’s NPDES authorization)  Text

Fla. Pub. Interest Research Group Citizen Lobby, Inc. v. EPA, 386 F.3d 1070 (11th Cir. 2004) (state’s impaired waters list)  Text

Sierra Club v. Hankinson, 351 F.3d 1358 (11th Cir. 2003) (attorney’s fees for citizen suit)  Text

Fishermen Against Destruction of Env’t, Inc. v. Closter Farms, Inc., Sierra Club v. Meiburg, 296 F.3d 1021 (11th Cir. 2002) (TMDL standards, abuse of court’s discretion), 300 F.3d 1294 (11th Cir. 2002) (“stormwater discharge”)  Text



Nat’l Ass’n of Home Builders v. U.S. Army Corps of Eng’r, 699 F.Supp.2d 209 (D. D.C. 2010) (challenge of permit issued under CWA based upon interpretation of “navigable waters”)  Text

New Hope Power Co. v. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, — F.Supp.2d —-, 2010 WL 2838538 (D.D.C. 2010) (prior converted croplands; renewable energy; jurisdiction on CWA)  Text

Weaver’s Cove Energy, LLC v. R.I. Dep’t of Envtl. Mgmt., 524 F.3d 1130 (D.C. Cir. 2008) (lack of standing to challenge dredge and fill inaction)

Friends of Earth, Inc. v. EPA, 446 F.3d 140 (D.C. Cir. 2006) (EPA approved TMDLs)  Text

Gem County Mosquito Abatement Dist. v. Envtl. Prot. Agency, 398 F.Supp.2d 1 (D.D.C. 2005) (declaratory judgment that NPDES permit not required)  Text

Bravos v. Green, 306 F.Supp.2d 48 (D.D.C. 2004) (state implementation TMDL plan)  Text

Friends of Earth v. U.S. EPA, 333 F.3d 184 (D.C. Cir. 2003) (lack of subject matter jurisdiction to review TMDL)  Text



Brace v. United States, 72 Fed. Cl. 337 (Fed. Cl. 2006), aff’d, 250 F. App’x 359 (Fed. Cir. 2007), cert. denied, 128 S. Ct. 1658 (2008) (CWA restoration plan was not a taking)

Brace v. United States, 51 Fed. Cl. 649 (Fed. Cl. 2002)(“navigable waters”, takings)



Ala. Dep’t of Envtl. Mgmt. v. Ala. Rivers Alliance, Inc., 14 So.3d 853 (Ala. Civ. App. 2007) (reversing approval of NPDES permit)  Text

Ala. Dep’t of Envtl. Mgmt. v. Legal Envtl. Assistance Found., Inc., 922 So.2d 101 (Ala. Civ. App. 2005) (review of water quality antidegradation regulations)  Text

Ex parte Legal Envtl. Assistance Found., Inc., 832 So.2d 61 (Ala. 2002) (review of antidegradation policy)  Text



Cmtys. for a Better Env’t v. State of Water Res. Control Bd., 109 Cal.App.4th 1089 (Cal. Ct. App. 2003) (water quality-based effluent limitations did not need to be numeric standards)  Text



Asarco, Inc. v. State, 69 P.3d 139 (Idaho 2003) (invalidating state TMDLs)  Text



Valstad v. Cipriano, 828 N.E.2d 854 (Ill. Ct. App. 2005) (state fees for NPDES permits)  Text



Sierra Club Mackinac County v. Dep’t of Envtl. Quality, 766 N.W.2d 857 (Mich. 2009) (upholding reversal of declaratory judgment for state CAFO program)  Text

Sierra Club Mackinac Chapter v. Dep’t of Envtl. Quality, 747 N.W.2d 321 (Mich. Ct. App. 2008) (invalidating state general CAFO permit)  Text



Coal. of Greater Minn. Cities v. Minn. Pollution Control Agency, 765 N.W.2d 159 (Minn. Ct. App. 2009) (standing to challenge pre-enforcement of phosphorus effluent discharges)  Text

Hentges v. Minn. Bd. of Water and Soil Res., 638 N.W.2d 441 (Minn. Ct. App. 2002) (denial of wetlands exemption)  Text



Mo. Soybean Ass’n v. Mo. Clean Water Comm’n, 102 S.W.3d 10 (Mo. 2003) (subject-matter jurisdiction to review state list of rivers)  Text



Clark Fork Coal. v. Mont. Dep’t of Envtl. Quality, 197 P.3d 482 (Mont. 2008) (granting of state discharge permit)  Text



D B Feedyards, Inc. v. Envtl. Sci., Inc., 745 N.W.2d 593 (Neb. Ct. App. 2008) (breach of CWA consulting agreement)  Text



In re Freshwater Wetlands Prot. Act Rules, 852 A.2d 167 (N.J. 2004) (allowing expansion of cranberry operations)  Text



The Regents of Univ. of Cal. v. N.M. Water Quality Control Comm’n, 94 P.3d 788 (N.M. Ct. App. 2004) (water quality standards for waters used for fisheries)  Text



Catskill Mountains Chapter of Trout Unlimited, Inc. v. Sheehan, 892 N.Y.S.2d 651 (N.Y. App. Div. 2010) (“water transfer” exemption from NPDES permit requirement)  Text



New Manchester Resort & Golf v. Douglasville Dev., No. 1:09-CV-504-TWT, 2010 WL 3271509 (N.D. Ga. Aug. 16, 2010) (CWA action for storm-water discharges and placement of fill material)  Text



Bridgeview Vineyards, Inc. v. State Land Bd., 154 P.3d 734 (Or. Ct. App. 2007), review denied, 174 P.3d 1016 (Or. 2007) (state dredge and fill permit exemptions)  Text

Hawes v. State, 125 P.3d 778 (Or. Ct. App. 2005) (load limits for nonpoint source streams)   Text

Owen v. Div. of State Lands, 76 P.3d 158 (Or. Ct. App. 2003) (farm road maintenance exempted from permit requirements)  Text



City of Waco v. Tex. Natural Res. Conservation Comm’n, 83 S.W.3d 169 (Tex. App. 2002) (CAFO permits)  Text



Crutchfield v. State Water Control Bd., 612 S.E.2d 249 (Va. Ct. App. 2005) (farmers challenging approval of NPDES permit)  Text



Cmty. Ass’n for Restoration of Env’t v. Dep’t of Ecology, 205 P.3d 950 (Wash. Ct. App. 2009) (state approval of general permit for livestock operations)  Text

Dep’t of Ecology v. Douma, 193 P.3d 1102, 2008 WL 4567130 (Wash. Ct. App. June 24, 2008)(violation of state clean water act by diary)  Text

Uselmann v. Clark County, 114 Wash. App. 1045, 2002 WL 31630855 (Wash. Ct. App. 2002) (upholding regulatory fee for storm water regulation)



Wyo. Outdoor Council v. Wyo. Dep’t of Envtl. Quality, 225 P.3d 1054 (Wyo. 2010) (water quality rules)  Text