Case Law Index Animal Feeding Operations

January 1, 2002 – September 29, 2019

FIRST CIRCUIT

U.S. Public Interest Research Group v. Atlantic Salmon of Maine, 215 F.Supp.2d 239 (D.Me. 2002) (CWA citizen suit against salmon farm)  Text

U.S. Public Interest Research Group v. Stolt Sea Farm, Inc., 2002 WL 240386 (D.Me. 2002) (CWA citizen suit against salmon farm)

U.S. Public Interest Research Group v. Heritage Salmon, Inc., 2002 WL 240440 (D.Me. 2002) (CWA citizen suit against salmon farm)

SECOND CIRCUIT

Humane Soc’y of United States v. HVFG, LLC, No. 06 CV 6829(HB), 2010 WL 1837785 (S.D.N.Y. May 06, 2010) (private party action for a violation of the Clean Water Act)

Coon ex rel. Coon v. Willet Dairy, Ltd. P’ship, 536 F.3d 171 (2d Cir. 2008) (discharges by a dairy)  Text

Coon v. Willet Dairy, LP, 2007 WL 2071746 (N.D.N.Y. 2007) (CWA and RCRA claims)  Text

Waterkeeper Alliance, Inc. v. U.S. E.P.A., 399 F.3d 486 (2d Cir. 2005) (challenge to CAFO Act)  Text

THIRD CIRCUIT

Am. Farm Bureau Fed’n v. U.S. E.P.A., 984 F.Supp.2d 289 (M.D. Pa. 2013) (challenging Total Maximum Daily Load set for nitrogen, phosphorus, and sediment in the Chesapeake Bay)

Reynolds v. Rick’s Mushroom Service, Inc., 246 F.Supp.2d 449 (E.D. Pa. 2003) (waste from mushroom processor)  Text

FOURTH CIRCUIT

Gillis v. Murphy-Brown, LLC, No. 7:14-CV-185-BR, 2018 WL 5926605 (E.D.N.C. Nov. 13, 2018) (private nuisance case against a hog farm, Sholar Farm) Text

Humane Society of the United States v. Hanor Company of Wisconsin, LLC, 289 F.Supp.3d 692 (E.D.N.C. 2018) (animal protection organization brought a citizen suit alleging violation of EPCRA) Text

In re North Carolina Swine Farm Nuisance Litigation, No. 5:15-CV-00013-BR, 2017 WL 5178038 (E.D.N.C. Nov. 8,  2017) (North Carolina’s right to farm law) Text

Rose Acre Farms, Inc. v. North Carolina Dept. of Env’t and Nat. Res, 131 F.Supp.3d 496 (E.D.N.C. 2015) (requiring farm to obtain NPDES permit) Text

Alt v. U.S. E.P.A., 979 F.Supp.2d 701 (N.D. West Virginia 2013) (Farmer seeking declaratory relief due to EPA’s issuance of a finding of violation and order for compliance under the CWA) Text

Waterkeeper Alliance, Inc. v. Hudson 2012 WL 6651930 (D. Maryland 2012) (CWA citizen suit regarding discharge of pollutants) Text

FIFTH CIRCUIT

Nat’l Pork Producers Council v. EPA, No. 08-61093, 2011 WL 871736 (5th Cir. March 15, 2011) (challenge to EPA regulation of emission of water pollutants by feeding operations)

SIXTH CIRCUIT

Askins v. Ohio Dept. of Agriculture, 809 F.3d 868 (6th Cir. 2016) (citizen suit against the EPA alleging violation of the CWA agency permitting procedures)

Kentucky Waterways Alliance v. Johnson, 426 F.Supp.2d 612 (W.D.Ky. 2006) (EPA sued for approval of state’s water quality antidegradation rules)  Text

Johnson County Citizen Comm. for Clean Air & Water v. U.S. E.P.A., No. 3:05-0222, 2005 WL 2204953 (M.D.Tenn. 2005) (EPA NPDES discretion)

Sierra Club, Inc. v. Tyson Foods, Inc., 299 F.Supp.2d 693 (W.D. Ky. 2003) (definition of “facility” under CERCLA)  Text

SEVENTH CIRCUIT

Dalzell v. Country View Family Farms, 517 Fed.Appx. 518 (Mem) (7th Cir. 2013) (nuisance suit blocked by the Indiana Right to Farm Act)

Test Drilling Serv. Co. v. Hanor Co., 322 F.Supp.2d 965 (C.D. Ill. 2004) (property damage)  Text

Save The Valley, Inc. v. U.S. E.P.A., 223 F.Supp.2d 997 (S.D. Ind. 2002) (implementation of CWA)  Text

EIGHTH CIRCUIT

American Farm Bureau Federation v. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 863 F.3d 963 (8th Cir. 2016) (challenging the EPA’s disclosure of certain information about CAFOs)

Elliott v. Lake County, No. CIV 10-04001-RAL, 2010 WL 4553548 (D. S.D. Nov. 3, 2010) (zoning restrictions on feeding operations)  Text

Yankton Sioux Tribe Head Start Concerned Parents v. Longview Farms, LLP, No. CIV. 08-4058, 2009 WL 891866 (D. S.D. Mar. 31, 2009) (tribe had no authority to regulate non-Indian farrowing operation)   Text

Minnesota Ctr. for Envtl. Advocacy v. U.S. E.P.A, 2005 WL 1490331 (D. Minn. 2005) (challenge to EPA’s approval of TMDL levels)

Daniels v. Iowa, 2005 WL 1398498 (S.D. Iowa 2005) (constitutional challenge of DNR regulation)

Furnas County Farms v. Hayes County, 2002 WL 1796511 (D. Neb. 2002) (zoning)

Forrest v. Northland Cas. Co., 213 F.Supp.2d 1023, 1023-24 (W.D. Ark. 2002) (insurance policy dispute)  Text

NINTH CIRCUIT

Holdner v. Coba, No. 3:15-cv-2039-AC, 2018 WL 3233607 (D. Or. July 2, 2018) (challenging regulations of livestock operations)

Holdner v. Or. Dep’t of Agric., 676 F.Supp.2d 1141, 2009 WL 5149264 (D. Or. 2009) (discharges of pollutants by a CAFO)  Text

Ass’n of Irritated Residents v. Fred Schakel Dairy, No. 1:05-CV-00707, 2008 WL 850136 (E.D. Cal. Mar. 28, 2008) (motion to dismiss CAA challenge to dairy)  Text

Or. Natural Desert Ass’n v. U.S. Forest Serv., No. 07-634-AS, 2008 WL 140657 (D. Or. Jan. 10, 2008) (issue and claim preclusion)

Community Ass’n for Restoration of the Environment v. Henry Bosma Dairy, 305 F.3d 943 (9th Cir. 2002) (CWA challenge against dairy farm)  Text

Association to Protect Hammersley, Eld, and Totten Inlets v. Taylor Resources, Inc., 299 F.3d 1007 (9th Cir. 2002) (CWA challenge against shellfish producer)  Text

U.S. v. New Portland Meadows, Inc., 2002 WL 31180956 (D. Or. 2002) (discharge of pollutants from horse racetrack facility)

TENTH CIRCUIT

Oklahoma ex rel. Hunter v. U.S. E.P.A, No. 15-CV-0381-CVE-FHM, 2019 WL 2288446 (N.D. Okla. May 29, 2019) (challenge to the Clean Water Rule, there is an appeal pending as of Sept. 29, 2019)

Kersenbrock v. Stoneman Cattle Co., LLC, 2007 WL 2219288 (D. Kan. 2007) (citizen suit under the CWA)

Oklahoma ex rel Edmondson v. Tyson Foods, Inc. 2007 WL 649332 (N.D. Okla. 2007) (interrogatories, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure)

Sierra Club v. Seaboard Farms Inc., 387 F.3d 1167 (10th Cir. 2004) (definition of “facility” under CERCLA)  Text

Sierra Club v. Seaboard Farms, Inc., 2002 WL 32443305 (W.D. Okla. 2002) (CERCLA)

D.C. CIRCUIT

Food & Water Watch v. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, No. 17-1714 (BAH), 2019 WL 2423833 (D.C. June 10, 2019) (challenging environmental assessment related to a poultry CAFO loan guarantee)

Association of Irritated Residents v. E.P.A., 494 F.3d 1027 (D.C. Cir. 2007) (review of EPA enforcement action)  Text

ARKANSAS

Scottsdale Insurance Company v. Morrow Land Valley Company, 411 S.W.3d 184 (Arkansas 2012) (Insurance policy for CAFO pollution exclusion) Text

CALIFORNIA

Asociacion De Gente Unida Por El Agua v. Central Valley Regional Water Quality Control Board, 210 Cal.App.4th 1255 (Cal. Ct. App. 2012) (challenge to order regulating discharge of waste from dairies)

Association of Irritated Residents v. San Joaquin Unified Air Pollution Control Dist., 168 Cal.App.4th 535 (Cal. Ct. App. 2008) (adopting CAA standards for non-attainment areas)

GEORGIA

Terrell v. Payne, 622 S.E.2d 330 (Ga. 2005) (nuisance)  Text

Payne v. Terrell, 604 S.E.2d 551 (Ga. Ct. App. 2004) (nuisance)  Text

IDAHO

In re Jerome County Board of Commissioners, 281 P.3d 1076 (Idaho 2012) (approval of a permit for a CAFO)

Idaho Dairymen’s Ass’n v. Gooding County, 227 P.3d 907 (Idaho 2010) (challenging county CAFO ordinance)  Text

Idaho Conservation League, Inc. v. Idaho State Dept. of Agriculture, 146 P.3d 632 (Idaho 2006) (disclosure of Nutrient Management Plans)  Text

Chisholm v. Twin Falls County, 75 P.3d 185 (Idaho 2003) (zoning)  Text

Scott v. Gooding County, 46 P.3d 23 (Idaho 2002) (zoning)  Text

Gooding County v. Wybenga, 46 P.3d 18 (Idaho 2002) (CAFO ordinance)  Text

ILLINOIS

In re Contempt of Turner, 69 N.E.3d 895 (Ill. App. Ct. 2016) (distribution of prejudicial material at a CAFO trial)

Rochester Buckhart Action Group v. Young, 887 N.E.2d 49 (Ill. App. Ct. 2008) (definition of “new facility” under state law)  Text

INDIANA

Himsel v. Himsel, 122 N.E.3d 935 (Ind. Ct. App. 2019) (nuisance, negligence, and trespass actions against CAFO and a challenge to the constitutionality of the RTFA)

Pardue v. Perdue Farms Inc., 925 N.E.2d 482 (Ind. Ct. App. 2010) (nuisance action against turkey growers over contaminated groundwater)  Text

Jennings Water, Inc. v. Office of Envtl. Adjudication, -909 N.E.2d 1020 (Ind. Ct. App. 2009) (denying petition review permit for construction of CFO)  Text

Thomas v. Blackford County Area Bd. of Zoning Appeals, 907 N.E.2d 988 (Ind. 2009) (no standing to challenge special exception to zoning law received by dairy)  Text

Benton County Remonstrators v. Bd. of Zoning Appeals of Benton County, 905 N.E.2d 1090 (Ind. Ct. App. 2009) (two special applications granted for CAFO construction; proper notice given to landowners)  Text

Lindsey v. DeGroot, 898 N.E.2d 1251 (Ind. Ct. App. 2009) (nuisances claims against a dairy)  Text

Save The Valley, Inc. v. Fergus, 896 N.E.2d 1205 (Ind. Ct. App. 2008) (injunction to prevent AFO being built)  Text

Thomas v. Blackford County Area Bd. of Zoning Appeals, No. 05A04-0711-CV-731, 2008 WL 2854526 (Ind. Ct. App. July 25, 2008) (standing to challenge grant of CAFO special zoning exemption)  Text

Terra Nova Dairy, LLC v. Wabash County Bd. of Zoning Appeals, 890 N.E.2d 98 (Ind. Ct. App. 2008) (denial of improvement location permit for new dairy)  Text

Thomas v. Oolman Dairy, LLC, 858 N.E.2d 256 (Ind. Ct. App. 2006) (zoning)  Text

Breitweiser v. Indiana Office of Environmental Adjudication, 810 N.E.2d 699 (Ind. 2004) (administrative procedures)  Text

Breitweiser v. Indiana Office of Environmental Adjudication, 775 N.E.2d 1175 (Ind. Ct. App. 2002) (judicial review)  Text

IOWA

Honomichl v. Valley View Swine, 914 N.W.2d 223 (Iowa 2018) (negligent operation of CAFOs)

Kramer v. Board of Adjustment for Sioux County, 795 N.W.2d 86 (Iowa Ct. App. 2010) (permit for wastewater storage lagoon)

Jongma v. Grand Pork, Inc., No. 08-1640, 2009 WL 3381518 (Iowa Ct. App. Oct. 21, 2009) (interpretation of manure easement)  Text

Daniels v. Iowa, No. 07-1275, 2008 WL 4569870 (Iowa Ct. App. Oct. 15, 2008) (redress of civil penalties for violations of AFO waste handling requirements)  Text

Simpson v. Kollasch, 749 N.W.2d 671 (Iowa 2008) (failure to prove anticipatory negligence by neighbors of a hog farm)  Text

Worth County Friends of Agriculture v. Worth County, 688 N.W.2d 257 (Iowa, 2004) (home rule authority)  Text

Gacke v. Pork Xtra, L.L.C., 684 N.W.2d 168 (Iowa 2004) (validity of right to farm law)  Text

Sierra Club v. Wayne Weber, L.L.C., 689 N.W.2d 696 (Iowa 2004) (nuisance action)  Text

KANSAS

Herd v. Shrauner Feedyard, No. 116,193, 2017 WL 2617647 (Kan. Ct. App. June 16, 2017) (nuisance action against CAFO)

David v. Board of Com’rs of Norton County, 89 P.3d 893 (Kan. 2004) (county CAFO law challenged)  Text

MARYLAND

Assateague Coastkeeper v. Maryland Dept. of Environment, 28 A.3d 178 (Md. Ct. Spec. App. 2011) (petition for review regarding general discharge permit for animal feeding operations) Text

MICHIGAN

Michigan Farm Bureau v. Dept. of Environmental Quality, 807 N.W.2d 866 (Mich. Ct. App. 2011) (challenging a rule requiring all CAFOs to apply for permits under NPDES)

Sierra Club Mackinac County v. Dep’t of Envtl. Quality, 766 N.W.2d 857 (Mich. 2009) (upholding reversal of declaratory judgment for state CAFO program)  Text

Sierra Club Mackinac Chapter v. Dept. of Envtl. Quality, 747 N.W.2d 321 (Mich. Ct. App. 2008) (review of state general CAFO permit)  Text

MINNESOTA

In re Reichmann Land and Cattle, 867 N.W.2d 502 (Minn. 2015) (NPDES and SDS permits for winter cattle feeding lands)

In re Dairy Dozen-Thief River Falls, LLP, Nos. A09-936, A09-1406, 2010 WL 2161781 (Minn. Ct. App. June 01, 2010) (timeliness of appeal for feedlot permit)

Daley Farms of Lewiston v. Habben, No. A07-1050, 2008 WL 2105980 (Minn. Ct. App. May 20, 2008) (discovery of defective dairy manure lagoons)

Wakefield Pork, Inc. v. Ram Mut. Ins. Co., 731 N.W.2d 154 (Minn. Ct. App. 2007) (odor within pollution exclusion)  Text

Berne Area Alliance for Quality Living v. Dodge County Bd. of Com’rs, 694 N.W.2d 577 (Minn. Ct. App. 2005) (Environmental Impact Statement)  Text

Vasgaard v. Murray County Bd. of Com’rs, 2003 WL 21962493 (Minn. Ct. App. 2003) (challenge to denial of petition for Environmental Assessment Worksheet)

Wendinger v. Forst Farms, Inc., 662 N.W.2d 546 (Minn. Ct. App. 2003) (farming operation challenged)  Text

Schwardt v. County of Watonwan, 656 N.W.2d 383 (Minn. 2003) (farming permit granted)  Text

MISSISSIPPI

Taylor v. Mississippi Environmental Quality Permit Bd., 205 So.3d 1129 (Miss. Ct. App. 2016) (appeal from buffer zone variance and issuing permits for a poultry CAFO)

Sierra Club v. Mississippi Environmental Quality Permit Bd., 943 So.2d 673 (Miss. 2006) (challenge to issuance of air pollution control permit)  Text

MISSOURI

K Tre Holdings, LP v. Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources, No. SD 35512, 2019 WL 3369270 (Mo. Ct. App. July 26, 2019) (judicial review of decision by CWC to issue CAFO operating permit)

State ex rel. Missouri Parks Ass’n v. Missouri Dep’t of Natural Res., 316 S.W.3d 375, 2010 WL 1608839 (Mo. Ct. App. 2010) (challenge to CAFO construction permit)  Text

Bd. of Dirs. of Richmond Twp. v. Kenoma, LLC, 284 S.W.3d 672 (Mo. Ct. App. 2009) (town lacked authority to regulate hog farm)  Text

Shuler v. Premium Standard Farms, Inc., 148 S.W.3d 1 (Mo. Ct. App.  2004) (wrongful discharge)  Text

NEBRASKA

Thieman v. Cedar Valley Feeding Co., 789 N.W.2d 714 (Neb. Ct. App. 2010) (violation of zoning regulations restricting expansion of nonconforming use by a CAFO)

Farmers Elevator, Inc. v. Harford Fire Ins. Co., No. A-09-005, 2009 WL 3654739 (Neb. Ct. App. Nov. 3, 2009) (confined hog deaths not covered by policy)  Text

Sand Livestock Sys., Inc. v. Svoboda, 17 Neb. App. 28 (Neb. Ct. App. 2008) (slander suit by hog farm against environmental group)  Text

Johnson v. Knox County P’ship, 728 N.W.2d 101 (Neb. 2007) (feedlot as a private nuisance)  Text

D.B. Feedyards, Inc. v. Envtl. Sci., Inc., 745 N.W.2d 593 (Neb. Ct. App. 2008) (breach of environmental consulting service contract)  Text

Hanchera v. Board of Adjustment, 694 N.W.2d 641 (Neb. 2005) (zoning)  Text

Premium Farms v. County of Holt, 640 N.W.2d 633, (Neb. 2002) (county regulatory authority)  Text

NEW YORK

 

NORTH CAROLINA

Neuse River Found., Inc. v. Smithfield Foods, Inc., 574 S.E.2d 48 (N.C. Ct. App. 2002) (standing to challenge misuse of hog waste)  Text

NORTH DAKOTA

Coon v. North Dakota Department of Health, 901 N.W.2d 718 (N.D. 2017) (appeal from decision to issue an animal feeding operation permit)

Hagerott v. Morton County Bd. of Comm’rs, 778 N.W.2d 813 (N.D. 2010) (permit for feedlot)  Text

OHIO

Meerland Dairy L.L.C. v. Ross Twp., — N.E.2d —, 2008 WL 1991886 (Ohio Ct. App. 2008)  (city’s ability to control CAFOs)  Text

OKLAHOMA

In re Canadian River Land & Cattle Co. v. State of Oklahoma ex rel., 269 P.3d 40 (Ct. Civ. App. 2011) (transfer of license)

Hummer v. State ex re. Oklahoma Bd. of Agric., 245 P.3d 1244 (Ct. Civ. App. 2010) (affected landowner seeks to force review of approval for swine feeding operation)

Patzkowsky v. Oklahoma ex rel. Okla. Bd. of Agric., 217 P.3d 146 (Okla. Civ. App. 2008) (review of decision to grant CAFO permit)  Text

PENNSYLVANIA

Burlingame v. Dagostin, 183 A.3d 462 (Penn. 2018) (private nuisance actions against CAFO) Text

Berner v. Montour Township Zoning Hearing Board, 176 A.3d 1058 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 2018) (appeal from denial of a special exception zoning ordinance) Text

Latimore Township v. Latimore Township Zoning Hearing Board, 58 A.3d 883 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 2013) (appeal from a zoning decision allowing a poultry CAFO) Text

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania v. Locust Township, 49 A.3d 502 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 2012) (challenging the validity of ordinance regulating intensive animal operations) Text

SOUTH DAKOTA

Hoffman v. Van Wyk, 900 N.W.2d 596 (S.D. 2017) (application for a writ of mandamus to revoke a swine CAFO building permit)

Grant County Concerned Citizens v. Grant County Bd. of Com’rs, 794 N.W.2d 462 (S.D. 2011) (proposed increase of setbacks for CAFOs was not a legislative decision and not referable to a referendum vote)

Andersen v. Town of Badger, 769 N.W.2d 834 (S.D. 2009) (challenging city waiving required distance from town CAFO could be built)  Text

Woodruff v. Bd. of Comm’rs for Hand County, 741 N.W.2d 746 (S.D. 2007) (challenge of AFO zoning ordinance)  Text

Schafer v. Deuel County Bd. of Com’rs, 725 N.W.2d 241 (S.D. 2006) (zoning)  Text

Jensen v. Lincoln County Bd. of Com’rs, 718 N.W.2d 606 (S.D. 2006) (preexisting use)  Text

Bechen v. Moody County Bd. of Com’rs, 703 N.W.2d 662 (S.D. 2005) (zoning)  Text

Elliott v. Board of County Com’rs of Lake County, 703 N.W.2d 361 (S.D. 2005) (zoning)  Text

Hay v. Board of Com’rs for Grant County, 670 N.W.2d 376 (S.D. 2003) (zoning)  Text

In re Yankton County Com’n, 670 N.W.2d 34 (S.D. 2003) (zoning)  Text

Kirschenman v. Hutchinson County Bd. of Com’rs, 656 N.W.2d 330 (S.D. 2003) (zoning)  Text

In re Conditional Use Permit Denied to Meier, 645 N.W.2d 579 (S.D. 2002) (denial of farming permit)  Text

TEXAS

Texas Commission on Environmental Quality v. Bosque River Coalition, 413 S.W.3d 403 (Tex. 2013) (amending of an existing CAFO permit)

Barrera v. Hondo Creek Cattle Co., 132 S.W.3d 544 (Tex. App. 2004) (right to farm)  Text

Collins v. Texas Natural Resource Conservation Com’n, 94 S.W.3d 876 (Tex. App. 2002) (permit to change waste management system challenged)  Text

City of Waco v. Texas Natural Resource Conservation Com’n, 83 S.W.3d 169 (Tex. App. 2002) (regulation of CAFO permits)  Text

VIRGINIA

Chesapeake Bay Foundation v. Commonwealth of Virginia ex rel. Virginia State Water Control Board, 90 Va. Cir. 392 (2015) (appealing from amendments to the Virginia Pollution Abatement General Permit Regulation for Animal Feeding Operations)

WASHINGTON

Community Association for Restoration of Environment v. State Dep’t of Ecology, 205 P.3d 950 (Wash. Ct. App. 2009) (general pollution discharge permit to CAFOs did not require groundwater monitoring)

Dep’t of Ecology v. Douma, 193 P.3d 1102, 2008 WL 4567130 (Wash. Ct. App. 2008) (dairy not a significant contributor to water pollution)  Text

WISCONSIN

Adams v. Livestock Facilities Siting Review Bd., 787 N.W.2d 941 (Wis. Ct. App. 2010) (town’s additional zoning restrictions preempted)