Case Law Index National Organic Program

January 1, 2000 – July 8, 2019

This index provides a comprehensive though not necessarily exhaustive compilation of reported and unreported federal and state court decisions involving the National Organic Program that were decided between the dates listed above. The cases are listed in reverse chronological order. The “Text” link goes to the freely available Google Scholar text of the opinion.  These listings are for educational purposes only, and are not a substitute for legal counsel.


SUPREME COURT

Monsanto Co. v. Geertson Seed Farms, 561 U.S. 139, 130 S. Ct. 2743, 177 L. Ed. 2d 461 (2010) (enjoining partial deregulation was an abuse of discretion) Text


FIRST CIRCUIT

Harvey v. Johanns, 494 F.3d 237 (1st Cir. 2007) (use of synthetic ingredients in processing organic foods)  Text

Mass. Indep. Certification, Inc. v. Johanns, 486 F.Supp. 2d 105 (D.Mass. 2007) (callenge to NOP certification requirements)  Text

Harvey v. Johanns, 462 F.Supp. 2d 69 (D.Me. 2006) (post-amendment utility of consent decree)  Text

Harvey v. Veneman, 396 F.3d 28 (1st Cir. 2005) (consistency of Act and final rule)  Text

Harvey v. Veneman, 222 F.R.D. 213 (D.Me. 2004) (parties’ proposed intervention in challenge to NOP)  Text

Harvey v. Veneman, 297 F.Supp. 2d 334 (D.Me. 2004) (consistency of Act and final rule)  Text

Harvey v. Veneman, No. Civ. 02-216-P-H, 2003 WL 22327171 (D.Me. Oct. 10, 2003) (Magistrate’s Decision – consistency of Act and final rule) Text


SECOND CIRCUIT

Patane v. Nestle Waters N. Am., Inc., 369 F. Supp. 3d 382 (D. Conn. 2019) (misrepresentation and failure to meet standard of law) Text

Marentette v. Abbott Labs., Inc., 886 F.3d 112 (2d Cir. 2018) (misrepresentation of labeling) Text

Birdsong v. Nurture, Inc., 275 F. Supp. 3d 384 (E.D.N.Y. 2017) (misrepresentation of labeling) Text

Marentette v. Abbott Labs., Inc., 201 F. Supp. 3d 374 (E.D.N.Y. 2016), aff’d, 886 F.3d 112 (2d Cir. 2018) (misrepresentation of labeling) Text

Singleton v. Fifth Generation, Inc., No. 515CV474BKSTWD, 2016 WL 406295, at *1 (N.D.N.Y. Jan. 12, 2016) (misleading advertising) Text

Segedie v. Hain Celestial Grp., Inc., No. 14-CV-5029 NSR, 2015 WL 2168374, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. May 7, 2015) (misrepresentation of labeling) Text

Segedie v. The Hain Celestial Grp., Inc., No. L 4-CV-5029 NSR, 2015 WL 5916002, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Oct. 7, 2015) (breach of implied warranty and misrepresentation) Text

In re Frito-Lay N. Am., Inc. All Nat. Litig., No. 12-MD-2413 RRM RLM, 2013 WL 4647512 (E.D.N.Y. Aug. 29, 2013) (mislabeling and suing under state law) Text

Organic Seed Growers & Trade Ass’n v. Monsanto Co., 851 F. Supp. 2d 544 (S.D.N.Y. 2012), aff’d, 718 F.3d 1350 (Fed. Cir. 2013) (patent infringement) Text

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THIRD CIRCUIT

Hickerson v. New Jersey, No. CIV. 08-1033 (AET), 2009 WL 5218065 (D.N.J. Dec. 31, 2009) (deprivation of property rights) Text

Hickerson v. N.J., No. 08-1033 (AET), 2009 WL 3296529 (D. N.J. Oct. 13, 2009) (deprivation of property rights)  Text

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FOURTH CIRCUIT

Handsome Brook Farm, LLC v. Humane Farm Animal Care, Inc., 193 F. Supp. 3d 556 (E.D. Va. 2016), aff’d, 700 F. App’x 251 (4th Cir. 2017) (action for mislabeling of eggs) Text

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FIFTH CIRCUIT

Gedalia v. Whole Foods Mkt. Servs., Inc., 53 F. Supp. 3d 943 (S.D. Tex. 2014) (false advertising and in violation of act) Text


SIXTH CIRCUIT

Int’l Dairy Foods Ass’n v. Boggs, No. 2:08-CV-628, 2009 WL 937045 (S.D. Ohio Apr. 2, 2009) (preemption; state labeling laws regarding use of rbST)

Int’l Dairy Foods Ass’n v. Boggs, 622 F.3d 628 (6th Cir. 2010), aff’g in part and rev’g in part, Nos. 2:08-CV-628, 2:08-CV-629, 2009 WL 937045 (S.D. Ohio Apr. 2, 2009) (preemption; state labeling laws regarding use of rbST)  Text


SEVENTH CIRCUIT

Cornucopia Inst. v. United States Dep’t of Agric., 884 F.3d 795 (7th Cir. 2018) (challenging of appointment of candidate) Text

Cornucopia Inst. v. United States Dep’t of Agric., 260 F. Supp. 3d 1061 (W.D. Wis. 2017), aff’d, 884 F.3d 795 (7th Cir. 2018) (challenging of appointment of candidate)Text

Turek v. Gen. Mills, Inc., 662 F.3d 423 (7th Cir. 2011) (action alleging violation of state law, mislabeling)Text

Turek v. Gen. Mills, Inc., 754 F. Supp. 2d 956 (N.D. Ill. 2010), aff’d as modified, 662 F.3d 423 (7th Cir. 2011) (action alleging violation of state law, mislabeling) Text

Cornucopia Inst. v. U.S. Dep’t of Agric., 560 F.3d 673 (7th Cir. 2009) (production of documents, attorney’s fees under the Freedom of Information Act) Text

Cornucopia Inst. v. U.S. Dep’t of Agric., No. 06-C-0182-C, 2007 WL 5414894 (W.D. Wis. Feb. 21, 2007) (production of documents, attorney’s fees under the Freedom of Information Act)


EIGHTH CIRCUIT

Ctr. v. Conagra Foods, Inc., No. 5:14-CV-05248, 2015 WL 4106473, (W.D. Ark. July 6, 2015) (deceptive and misleading labels) Text

Gabriele v. ConAgra Foods, Inc., No. 5:14-CV-05183, 2015 WL 3904386 (W.D. Ark. June 25, 2015) (deceptive and misleading labels) Text

Kelly v. Cape Cod Potato Chip Co., 81 F. Supp. 3d 754 (W.D. Mo. 2015) (action for false labeling) Text

In re Aurora Dairy Corp. Organic Milk Mktg. and Sales Practice Litig., 621 F.3d 781 (8th Cir. Sept. 2010), aff’g in part and rev’g in part, 2009 WL 1576928 (E.D. Mo. June 3, 2009) (preemption provision in Organic Foods Production Act)  Text


NINTH CIRCUIT

Ctr. for Food Safety v. Perdue, 320 F. Supp. 3d 1101 (N.D. Cal. 2018), appeal dismissed, No. 18-16378, 2018 WL 5304837 (9th Cir. Aug. 16, 2018) (challenging the process for certifying foods as “organic”) Text

Brown v. Danone N. Am., LLC, No. 17-CV-07325-JST, 2018 WL 2021340 (N.D. Cal. May 1, 2018) (alleging false advertising) Text

Pac. Botanicals, LLC v. Sego’s Herb Farm, LLC, No. 1:15-CV-00407-CL, 2017 WL 1536432, at *2 (D. Or. Apr. 26, 2017) (alleging preemption by the FDCA) Text

Ctr. for Food Safety v. Vilsack, No. 15-CV-01590-HSG, 2016 WL 4698901 (N.D. Cal. Sept. 8, 2016) (challenging order by the Secretary) Text

Ctr. for Envtl. Health v. Vilsack, No. 15-CV-01690-JSC, 2016 WL 3383954 (N.D. Cal. June 20, 2016) (violation of APA) Text

Ctr. for Food Safety v. Vilsack, No. 15-CV-01590-HSG, 2015 WL 5915409 (N.D. Cal. Oct. 9, 2015) (determining which substances may be used in food certified as “organic”) Text

Ctr. for Envtl. Health v. Vilsack, No. 15-CV-01690-JSC, 2015 WL 5698757 (N.D. Cal. Sept. 29, 2015) (violation of OFPA) Text

Compassion Over Killing v. Food & Drug Admin., No. 13-CV-01385-VC, 2014 WL 7336231, at *1 (N.D. Cal. Dec. 23, 2014), aff’d sub nom. Compassion Over Killing v. U.S. Food & Drug Admin., 849 F.3d 849 (9th Cir. 2017) (action for regulations on egg productions) Text

Garrison v. Whole Foods Mkt. Grp., Inc., No. 13-CV-05222-VC, 2014 WL 2451290 (N.D. Cal. June 2, 2014) (deceptive labeling) Text

Bohac v. Gen. Mills, Inc., No. 12-CV-05280-WHO, 2014 WL 1266848, at *1 (N.D. Cal. Mar. 26, 2014) (deceptive labeling) Text

Dronkers v. Kiss My Face, LLC, No. 12CV1151 JAH (WMC), 2013 WL 12108663, at *1 (S.D. Cal. Sept. 26, 2013) (alleging false advertising)

Rocky Mountain Farmers Union v. Corey, 730 F.3d 1070 (9th Cir. 2013) (challenging corn ethanol regulation) Text

Brown v. Hain Celestial Grp., Inc., No. C 11-03082 LB, 2012 WL 4364588 (N.D. Cal. Sept. 24, 2012) (violation of OFPA) Text

Jones v. ConAgra Foods, Inc., 912 F. Supp. 2d 889 (N.D. Cal. 2012) (alleging misleading and deceptive labeling) Text

All One God Faith, Inc. v. Hain Celestial Grp., Inc., No. C 09-3517 SI, 2012 WL 3257660 (N.D. Cal. Aug. 8, 2012) (amend complaint, products do not meet NOP standard) Text

Brown v. Hain Celestial Grp., Inc., No. C 11-03082 LB, 2012 WL 3138013 (N.D. Cal. Aug. 1, 2012) (violation of OFPA, subject matter jurisdiction) Text

United States v. Townsley, No. C 10-00428 CRB, 2012 WL 3137989 N.D. Cal. Aug. 1, 2012) (fraudulently representing organic farming operation) Text

All One God Faith, Inc. v. Hain Celestial Grp., Inc., No. C 09-03517 JF HRL, 2011 WL 4433817 (N.D. Cal. Sept. 22, 2011) (claim that products do not meet the NOP standards)

All One God Faith, Inc. v. Hain Celestial Group, Inc., No. C09-03517 JF (HRL), 2010 WL 2133209 (N.D.Cal. May 24, 2010) (jurisdiction)

All One God Faith, Inc. v. Hain Celestial Group, Inc., No. C 09-03517 JF (HRL), 2009 WL 4907433 (N.D. Cal. Dec. 14, 2009) (claim that products do not meet the NOP standards)

Geertson Seed Farms v. Johanns, 570 F.3d 1130 (9th Cir. 2009) (upholding injunction for not complying with NEPA)  Text

Geertson Farms Inc. v. Johanns, No. C-06-01075 CRB, 2007 WL 1839894 (N.D. Cal. June 26, 2007) (storage, cleaning, and public disclosure of fields of Roundup Ready alfalfa)

Geertson Farms Inc. v. Johanns, No. C-06-01075 CRB, 2007 WL 1302981 (N.D. Cal. May 3, 2007) (denying reconsideration ordering enjoining APHIS from deregulating Roundup Ready alfalfa)

Geertson Farms Inc. v. Johanns, No C-06-01075 CRB, 2007 WL 776146 (N.D. Cal. Mar. 12, 2007) (granting preliminary injunction to prevent planting of Roundup Ready alfalfa)

Geertson Farms Inc. v. Johanns, No C-06-01075 CRB, 2007 WL 518624 (N.D. Cal. Feb. 13, 2007) (APHIS violated NEPA when deregulating Roundup Ready alfalfa)  Text

In re Washington State Apple Advert. Comm’n, 257 F. Supp. 2d 1290 (E.D. Wash. 2003) (mandatory assessments) Text

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TENTH CIRCUIT

United States v. Wall, No. CR 15-621 MV, 2017 WL 6375603 (D.N.M. Dec. 13, 2017) (false statement and violation of NOP) Text

In re Santa Fe Nat. Tobacco Co. Mktg. & Sales Practices & Prod. Liab. Litig., 288 F. Supp. 3d 1087 (D.N.M. 2017) (action for misleading label) Text

Diatect Int’l Corps. v. Organic Materials Review Inst., No. 2:05 CV 00465, 2007 WL 752165 (D. Utah Mar. 7, 2007) (failure to obtain organic certification) Text

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ELEVENTH CIRCUIT

Reilly v. Chipotle Mexican Grill, Inc., 711 F. App’x 525 (11th Cir. 2017) (action for false advertising, appeal from summary judgement) Text


D.C. CIRCUIT

Organic Trade Ass’n v. United States Dep’t of Agric., 370 F. Supp. 3d 98 (D.D.C. 2019) (challenging the withdrawal of USDA rule) Text

Cornucopia Inst. v. United States Dep’t of Agric., No. CV 16-148 (RC), 2018 WL 4637004 (D.D.C. Sept. 27, 2018) (action under the Freedom of Information Act) Text

Organic Consumers Ass’n v. R.C. Bigelow, Inc., 314 F. Supp. 3d 344 (D.D.C. 2018) (law preempted by OFPA) Text

Organic Consumers Ass’n v. Hain Celestial Grp., Inc., 285 F. Supp. 3d 100 (D.D.C. 2018) (law preempted by OFPA) Text

Cornucopia Inst. v. United States Dep’t of Agric., 282 F. Supp. 3d 150 (D.D.C. 2017) (challenging agency’s response to FOIA request) Text

Partlo v. Johanns, No. Civ.A.04-1462 CKK, Civ.A.04-1779 CCK, 2006 WL 1663380 (D.D.C. June 11, 2006) (disaster assistance for organic crops)  Text


CALIFORNIA

Organic Consumers Ass’n v. Honest Co., Inc., No. B280836, 2018 WL 2931978 (Cal. Ct. App. June 12, 2018) (misrepresentation of label) Text

Quesada v. Herb Thyme Farms, Inc., 62 Cal. 4th 298, 361 P.3d 868 (2015) (challenging labeled product as organic) Text

Quesada v. Herb Thyme Farms, Inc., 222 Cal. App. 4th 642, 166 Cal. Rptr. 3d 346 (2013), review granted and opinion superseded sub nom. Quesada v. Herb Thyme Farms, 323 P.3d 1 (Cal. 2014), and rev’d, 62 Cal. 4th 298, 361 P.3d 868 (2015) (challenging labeled product as organic) Text

Jacobs Farm/Del , Inc. v. W. Farm Serv., Inc., 119 Cal.Rptr.3d 529 (Cal. Ct. App. 2010) (negligence and trespass actions against pesticide applicator by organic farmer)

All One God Faith, Inc. v. Organic and Sustainable Indus. Standards, Inc., 107 Cal.Rptr.3d 861 (N.D. Cal. 2010) (organic certification activities as free speech in connection with a public issue)  Text

Moroccanoil, Inc. v. Dermorganic Labs., Inc., No. CV 09-4257 CBM (PAX), 2009 WL 10675634 (C.D. Cal. Nov. 9, 2009) (injunctive relief and request for judicial notice)

Horne v. Global Organics, Ltd., No. F050698, 2007 WL 4157598 (Cal. Ct. App. Nov. 26, 2007) (contractual interpretation of “organic”)  Text

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MINNESOTA

Johnson v. Consumers Coop. Ass’n of Litchfield, No. A18-0517, 2019 WL 1233263 (Minn. Ct. App. Mar. 18, 2019), review denied (May 28, 2019) (suspension of organic certification) Text

Johnson v. Paynesville Farmers Union Co-op. Oil Co., 817 N.W.2d 693 (Minn. 2012) (pesticide drift, loss of organic certification) Text

Johnson v. Paynesville Farmers Union Co-op. Oil Co., 802 N.W.2d 383 (Minn. Ct. App. 2011), aff’d in part, rev’d in part, 817 N.W.2d 693 (Minn. 2012) (pesticide drift, loss of organic certification) Text

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TEXAS

Gedalia v. Whole Foods Mkt. Servs., Inc., 53 F. Supp. 3d 943 (S.D. Tex. 2014) (allegation of mislabeling) Text