Case Law Index Renewable Energy

January 1, 2002 – September 19, 2023

This index provides a comprehensive though not necessarily exhaustive compilation of reported and unreported federal and state court decisions involving Renewable Energy that were decided between the dates listed above. The cases are listed in reverse chronological order. The “Text” link goes to the freely available Google Scholar text of the opinion.  These listings are for educational purposes only and are not a substitute for legal counsel.


HollyFrontier Cheyenne Refining, LLC v. Renewable Fuels Ass’n, 141 S.Ct. 2172 (2021) (small refinery may seek hardship exemption from renewable fuel program) Text


Melone v. Coit, 2023 WL 5002764 (D. Mass. Aug. 4, 2023) (Marine Mammal Protection Act challenge to wind farm off the coast of Martha’s Vineyard) Text

Nantucket Residents Against Turbines v. U.S. Bureau of Ocean Energy Mgmt., 2023 WL 3510955 (D. Mass. May 17, 2023) (failure to establish Endangered Species Act claim for proposed offshore wind farm) Text

Allco Renewable Energy v. Massachusetts Electric Company, 875 F.3d 54 (1st Cir. 2017) (solar generating facilities challenge to enforce PURPA against an electric company) Text

Maine Council of Atlantic Salmon Federation v. National Marine Fisheries Service, 858 F.3d 690 (1st Cir. 2017) (challenging NMFS’s Endangered Species Act biological opinions regarding impact of hydroelectric projects on endangered fish species) Text

Riggs v. Curran, 863 F.3d 6 (1st Cir. 2017) (utility ratepayer’s action against the approval of a new wind farm) Text

Town of Barnstable v. O’Connor, 786 F.3d 130 (1st Cir. 2015) (action brought regarding electric company contract to buy wind power from offshore wind farm) Text

United States Dept. of the Interior v. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, 876 F.3d 360 (1st Cir. 2015) (petition for review of an amendment to a hydroelectric utility license for a dam in a national historic park) Text

Friends of Merrymeeting Bay v. Hydro Kennebec, LLC, 759 F.3d 30 (1st Cir. 2014) (citizen enforcement action brought against operators of hydroelectric dams) Text

Friends of Boundary v. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 24 F.Supp.3d 105 (D. Maine 2014) (challenging permit that authorizes construction of a wind power project) Text

Beyond Nuclear v. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 704 F.3d 12 (1st Cir. 2013) (wind energy as a reasonable alternative source of baseload energy) Text

L.S. Starrrett Company v. F.E.R.C., 650 F.3d 19 (1st Cir. 2011) (petition for review of orders which require electricity producer to seek licensing for proposed changes to hydroelectric generating facility) Text

City of Lowell v. ENEL North America, Inc., 796 F.Supp.2d 225 (D. Mass. 2011) (civil suit brought against operator of hydroelectric dam) Text

Alliance To Protect Nantucket Sound, Inc. v. U.S. Dep’t of Army, 398 F.3d 105 (1st Cir. 2005) (suit to prevent the construction of a wind farm) Text

Ten Taxpayer Citizens Group v. Cape Wind Assocs., LLC, 373 F.3d 183 (1st Cir. 2004) (suit to prevent the construction of a wind farm) Text

Alliance To Protect Nantucket Sound, Inc. v. U.S. Dept. of Army, 288 F.Supp.2d 64 (D. Mass. 2003) (suit to prevent the construction of a wind farm) Text

Ten Taxpayer Citizens Group v. Cape Wind Assocs., LLC, 278 F.Supp.2d 98 (D. Mass. 2003) (suit to prevent the construction of a wind farm) Text


Mahoney v. U.S. Dep’t of Interior, 2023 WL 4564912 (E.D. N.Y. July 17, 2023) (residents lacked standing to challenge wind farm project) Text

Kinsella v. Bureau of Ocean Energy Mgmt., 2023 WL 3571300 (E.D. N.Y. May 18, 2023) (preliminary injunction to halt construction of wind farm denied) Text

Andre v. Invenergy LLC, 2022 WL 2759249 (W.D. N.Y. July 14, 2022) (denial of summary judgement on claims of nuisance and negligence against wind farm) Text

Mahoney v. U.S. Dep’t of Interior, 2022 WL 1093199 (E.D. N.Y. April 12, 2022) (denial of preliminary injunction to halt onshore trenching for wind farm) Text

Dynamic Energy Solutions, LLC v. Pinney, 387 F.Supp.3d 176 (N.D.N.Y. 2019) (breach of contract claim against landowner following dispute over lease of land for solar energy project) Text

LifeTree Trading Pte. v. Washakie Renewable Energy, LLC, 14-CV-9075 (JPO), 2018 WL 2192186 (S.D.N.Y. 2018) (breach of contract regarding biofuel) Text

Allco Finance Limited v. Klee, 861 F.3d 82 (2nd Cir. 2017) (challenging the requirement that state’s utilities must produce renewable energy themselves or buy renewable energy credits) Text

Otter Creek Solar LLC v. Green Mountain Power Corporation No. 1:16-cv-00013-jgm, 2016 WL 5349739 (D. Vermont 2016) (suit brought for alleged violation of PURPA for failure to purchase energy from solar projects at the long-term rate) Text

Empower Energies, Inc. v. Solarblue, LLC, 16cv3220 (DLC), 2016 WL 5338555 (S.D.N.Y. 2016) (breach of contract for development of a solar energy project) Text

Hudson River-Black Ricer Regulating Dist. v. Erie Blvd. Hydropower, L.P., No. 6:14-CV-173, 2014 WL 5502375 (N.D.N.Y. 2014) (seeking declaratory relief against assessments imposed on a dam) Text

Alpha Capital Anstalt v. New Generation Biofuels, Inc., No. 13-CV-5586 (VEC), 2014 WL 6466994 (S.D.N.Y. 2014) (action against biofuel company alleging securities fraud) Text

Environmental Services, Inc. v. Recycle Green Services, Inc., 7 F.Supp.3d 260 (E.D.N.Y. 2014) (RICO claim against competitor waste oil processing companies)

Vermonters for a Clean Environment, Inc. v. Madrid, 73 F.Supp.3d 417 (D. Vermont 2014) (suit brought alleging violation of NEPA for permit authorizing a wind farm in national forest) Text

Mitsubishi Chem. Corp. v. Barr Laboratories, 718 F.Supp.2d 382 (S.D. N.Y. 2010) (patent infringement regarding ethanol dissolution) Text

Gissin v. Endres, No. 09 Civ. 9338(SAS), 2010 WL 3468508 (S.D. N.Y. Sept. 1, 2010) (securities fraud class action against ethanol producer for false and misleading statements) Text

Global Energy & Mgmt., LLC v. Xethanol Corp., No. 07 Civ. 11049(NRB), 2009 WL 464449 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 24, 2009) (claim of fraudulently inducing investment in ethanol plant)

Wheelabrator Lisbon, Inc. v. State of Conn. Dep’t of Pub. Utility Control, 2008 WL 2513754 (2d Cir. 2008) (transfer of renewable energy credits) Text

In re Xethanol Corp. Sec. Litig., 2007 WL 2572088 (S.D.N.Y. 2007) (securities case involving an ethanol producing company)

Ecogen, LLC v. Town of Italy, 461 F.Supp.2d 100 (W.D.N.Y. 2006) (city sues to prevent wind farm developer from lifting a moratorium on a wind farm) Text

Ecogen, LLC v. Town of Italy, 438 F.Supp.2d 149 (W.D.N.Y. 2006) (wind farm developer sued to lift the moratorium on a wind farm) Text

Wheelabrator Lisbon Inc. v. Conn. Dep’t of Pub. Utility Control, 526 F.Supp.2d 295 (D. Conn. 2006) (challenging the requirement of the transfer of renewable energy credits) Text

Oxygenated Fuels Ass’n, Inc. v. Pataki, 293 F.Supp.2d 170 (N.D.N.Y. 2003) (challenge to N.Y. law prohibiting additives to fuel including ethanol) Text

LaFleur v. Whitman, 300 F.3d 256 (2d Cir. 2002) (challenge to the construction of a cellulose-based ethanol plant) Text


United Refining Co. v. U.S. Envtl. Prot. Agency, 64 F.4th 448 (3rd Cir. 2023) (denial of refinery’s request from hardship exemption from RFS program was reasonable) Text

United States v. Keystone Biofuels, 350 F.Supp.3d 310 (M.D. Penn. 2018) (indictment regarding regulatory issues for blended biofuel) Text

Duckweed, USA, Inc. v. Behrens, No. 15–5387, 2016 WL 1241869 (E.D. Penn. March 30, 2016) (patent infringement on the production of a renewable petroleum oil substitute from algae, waste water, or vegetable oils) Text

Sunrise Energy, LLC v. PPL Corp., No. 2:14CV618, 2015 WL 1431077 (W.D. Pa. March 27, 2015) (customer-generators of energy generated by an alternative energy system net metering) Text

Nichols v. Markell, No. 12–777–CJB, 2014 WL 1509780 (D. Del. April 17, 2014) (renewable energy credits) Text

New Jersey Bd. Of Public Utilities v. FERC, 744 F.3d 74 (3d Cir. 2014) (allowing exceptions for wind and solar energy under the Federal Power Act) Text

Neste Oil OYJ v. Dynamic Fuels, LLC., No. 12–1744–GMS, 2013 WL 3353984 (D. Del. July 2, 2013) (patent infringement suit regarding the manufacture of diesel range hydrocarbons from a fresh feed stream consisting of bio-renewable feedstock) Text

Butamax Advanced Biofuels, LLC v. Gevo, Inc., 868 F.Supp.2d 359 (D. Del. 2012) (patent infringement on technology used to produce biofuels) Text

Panther Mountain Lodge, Inc. v. Waymart Windfarm, L.P., No. 3:08cv755, 2010 WL 4942227 (M.D. Pa. Nov. 30, 2010) (liability of windfarm operator to landowner for easement violations)

Lookout Windpower Holding Co., LLC v. Edison Mission Energy, 714 F.Supp.2d 547, 2010 WL 1976883 (W.D. Pa. 2010) (fraud claim in the construction of a wind farm) Text

Animal Welfare Inst. v. Beech Ridge Energy LLC, 675 F.Supp.2d 540, 2009 WL 4884520 (D. Md. 2009) (challenge to wind farm that it would take an endangered species) Text

Novozymes A/S v. Genencor Int’l, Inc., 474 F.Supp.2d 592 (D. Del. 2007) (patent infringement on technology used to produce ethanol) Text

Novozymes A/S v. Genencor Int’l, Inc., 446 F.Supp.2d 297 (D. Del. 2006) (patent infringement on technology used to produce ethanol) Text

Gilberton Power Co. v. United States, 54 F.App’x 572 (3d Cir. 2002) (denial of energy tax credit)

Gilberton Power Co. v. United States, 2002 WL 323815 (M.D. Pa. 2002) (energy tax credit)


Ergon-West Virginia, Inc. v. U.S. Envtl. Prot. Agency, 980 F.3d 403 (4th Cir. 2020) (EPA’s decision to deny small oil refinery exemption from renewable fuel requirement was arbitrary and capricious) Text

Nexus Technologies, Inc. v. Unlimited Power Ltd., No. 1:19-cv-00009-MR, 2019 WL 2884345 (W.D. North Carolina Oct. 7, 2019) (patent issue regarding solar powered, portable renewable energy system) Text

Ergon-West Virginia, Inc. v. United States Environmental Protection Agency, 896 F.3d 600 (4th Cir. 2018) (scoring of factors for local market acceptance of renewables and renewable fuel blending) Text

American Petroleum Institute v. Cooper, 718 F.3d 347 (4th Cir. 2013) (federal and state regulatory schemes concerning the distribution of renewable fuels) Text

Morgantown Energy Associates v. Public Service Commission of West Virginia, No. 2:12-cv-6327, 2013 WL 5462386 (S.D. West Virginia Sept. 30, 2013) (dispute over ownership of alternative and renewable energy credits) Text

U.S. v. Hailey, 887 F.Supp.2d 649 (D. Maryland 2012) (biofuel producer selling fake renewable fuel credit identification numbers) Text

Delta-T Corp v. Pacific Ethanol, Inc., No. 3:09-CV-388, 2010 WL 1816402 (E.D. Va. May 5, 2010) (breach of ethanol technology licensing contract) Text

Norfolk S. Ry. Co. v. City of Alexandria, No. 1:08cv618 (JCC), 2009 WL 1011653 (E.D. Va. Apr. 15, 2009) (preemption of city ordinance to prevent ethanol from being hauled through the city) Text

Delta-T Corp v. Pacific Ethanol, Inc., No. 3:08CV524, 2009 WL 77869 (E.D. Va. Jan. 7, 2009) (breach of ethanol technology licensing contract) Text


Vitol, Inc. v. U.S., 30 F.4th 248 (5th Cir. 2022) (butane was not “alternative fuel” that was eligible for excise tax credit) Text

Murex, LLC v. GRC Fuels, Inc., No. 3:15-CV-3789-B, 2016 WL 4207994 (N.D. Tex. Aug. 10, 2016) (sale of invalid renewable fuel credits) Text

Zytax v. Green Plains Renewable Energy, No. H-09-2582, 2010 WL 4702303 (S.D. Tex. Nov. 10, 2010) (breach of contract regarding green energy regulations consulting) Text

Coastal Habitat Alliance v. Patterson, No. 09-50553, 2010 WL 2465032 (5th Cir. June 17, 2010) (no private right of action against wind farms under the Coastal Zone Management Act)

Lansing Trade Group, LLC v. 3B Biofuels GmbH & Co., No. H-08-3155, 2009 WL 1140458 (S.D. Tex. Apr. 27, 2009) (breach of biodiesel installment sales contract; personal jurisdiction) Text

Southridge Ethanol, Inc. v. South Louisiana Ethanol L.L.C., 2007 WL 2375758 (N.D. Tex. 2007) (sale of ethanol plant)


Tetil v. Juniata Township Planning Commission, No. 18-cv-10808, 2018 WL 6505366 (E.D. Mich. Dec. 11, 2018) (challenging permit allowing development of a wind farm) Text

Tuscola Wind III, LLC v. Almer Charter Township, No. 17-cv-10497, 2018 WL 3861678 (E.D. Mich. Aug. 14, 2018) (denial of permit to construct wind turbines) Text

Concerned Citizens of Caro v. Mi. Ethanol, L.L.C., 396 F.Supp.2d 814 (E.D. Mich. 2005) (Clean Air Act suit against an ethanol plant) Text

Adrian Energy Assoc., LLC v. Mi. Pub. Serv. Comm’n, 2005 WL 2571881 (W.D. Mich. 2005) (changing the avoided cost formula for renewable energy)

Johnecheck v. Bay Twp, 119 F.App’x 707 (6th Cir. 2004) (challenge against zoning restriction prohibiting wind turbines)

Custom Products, Inc. v. Fluor Daniel Canada, Inc., 262 F.Supp.2d 767 (W.D. Ky. 2003) (tort action against the manufacturer of commercial dryer’s for ethanol production) Text


United States ex rel. Chepurko v. e-Biofuels, LLC., No. 1:14-cv-00377-TWP-MJD, 2019 WL 162607 (S.D. Ind. Jan. 10, 2019) (fraudulent scheme involving the manufacturing of biodiesel)

Benton County Wind Farm LLC. V. Duke Energy Indiana,Inc., 843 F.3d 298 (7th Cir. 2016) (wind farm operator brought action against energy reseller for breach of contract) Text

Hamrick v. General Services Administration, 107 F.Supp.3d 910 (C.D. Ill. 2015) (action brought against wind farm for violation of NEPA) Text

Muscarello v. Winnebago County Bd., 702 F.3d 909 (7th Cir. 2012) (challenge to a zoning ordinace that makes obtaining a wind farm permit easier) Text

Novozymes A/S v. Danisco A/S, No. 10-cv-251-bbc, 2010 WL 3783682 (W.D. Wis. Sept. 24, 2010) (patent dispute involving biofuel enzyme manufacturers) Text

In re Renew Energy, LLC, 436 B.R. 112 (Bankr. W.D. Wis. 2010) (avoiding prepetition payments for corn) Text

Muscarello v. Ogle County Bd. of Comm’rs, 610 F.3d 416, 2010 WL 2541067 (7th Cir. 2010) (issuance of special use permits for windmills did not constitute a taking) Text

Reilly v. U.S. Dep’t. of Energy, 2007 WL 4548300 (N.D. Ill. 2007) (FOIA request on the denial of an Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Program request)

Utica Energy, LLC v. Travelers Prop. Cas. Ins. Co., 2006 WL 3000175 (E.D. Wis. 2006) (liability insurance dispute over an explosion at an ethanol plant) Text

N. Ill. Chapter of Assoc. Builders & Contractors, Inc. v. Lavin, 431 F.3d 1004 (7th Cir. 2005) (state subsidizes the construction of renewable energy plants and required builder to enter into a labor agreement) Text

Nationwide Agribusiness Ins. Co. v. Tweet/Garot Mechanical, Inc., 2005 WL 2076672 (E.D. Wis. 2005) (liability insurance dispute over an explosion at an ethanol plant)

Gamesa Eolica, S.A. v. Gen. Elec. Co., 359 F.Supp.2d 790 (W.D. Wis. 2005) (patent dispute of variable speed wind turbine)  Text

NEG Micon USA, Inv. v. N. Alternative Energy, 2004 WL 609373 (N.D. Ill. 2004) (breach of contract over the construction of a wind farm) Text


Smoky Hills Wind project II, LLC v. City of Independence, Missouri, 889 F.3d 461 (8th Cir. 2018) (wind energy supplier brought breach of contract against city alleging breach of the renewable energy purchase agreement) Text

Project Hawkeye, LLC. v. Windlogics, Inc., 1:16–CV–01052–CBK, 2018 WL 1914241 (D.S.D. April 20, 2018) (breach of contract regarding wind turbine tower location) Text

United States v. NGL Crude Logistics, LLC, No. 16-CV-1038-LRR (N.D. Iowa May 24, 2017) (suit brought for violation of the CAA regarding renewable identification numbers of biodiesel) Text

Minnesota Automobile Dealers Assoc. v. Stine, No. 15-2045 (JRT/KMM), 2016 WL 5660420 (D. Minn. Sept. 29, 2016) (dispute over required biodiesel blend percentage in fuel sold to consumers) Text

enXco Development Corp. v. Northern States Power Co., 758 F.3d 940 (8th Cir. 2014) (wind energy project developer brought a breach of contract action against electric and gas utility) Text

NUTech Ventures v. Syngenta Seeds, Inc., 984 F.Supp.2d 957 (D. Neb. 2013) (patent infringement case regarding seeds used in the production of ethanol) Text

Mitsubishi Heavy Indus. v. General Co., No. 5:10CV05087 JH, 2010 WL 3328329 (W.D. Ark. Aug. 23, 2010) (antitrust action against wind turbine manufacturer) Text

BioFuels Automation, Inc. v. Kiewit Energy Co., Civil No. 10-610 (DSD/FLN), 2010 WL 3023391 (D. Minn. July 28, 2010 (contract dispute involving ethanol producer) Text

Am. Prairie Constr. Co. v. Hoich, 594 F.3d 1015 (8th Cir. 2010) (no enforceable contract to build ethanol plant) Text

Transocean Group Holding Pty Ltd. v. S.D. Soybean Processors, LLC, 663 F.Supp.2d 731 (D. Minn. 2009) (breach of contract in building soybean biodiesel plant) Text

BHGDN, LLC v. Minnesota, 598 F.Supp.2d 995 (D. Minn. 2009) (constitutionality of change to ethanol incentive) Text

Bootheel Ethanol Invs., L.L.C. v. Semo Ethanol Coop., No. 1:08CV59NLJ (E.D. Mo. Feb. 17, 2009) (breach of operating agreement) Text

Porter v. Gentry County Comm’n, No. 08-6029-CV-SJ-FJG, 2008 WL 3156969 (W.D. Mo. Aug. 4, 2008) (neighbor’s complaints against wind turbines)

Greenbelt Res. Corp. v. Redwood Consultants, LLC, 2008 WL 2230710 (D. Minn. 2008) (fraud suit over the potential building of an ethanol plant) Text

SRS Energy, Inc. v. Bio-Prods. Int’l, Inc., 2008 WL 2224803 (E.D. Mo. 2008) (technology licensing agreement on ethanol production)

Sunopta, Inc. v. Abengoa Bioenergy New Tech., Inc., 2008 WL 782656 (E.D. Mo. 2008) (confidentiality agreement dispute concerning ethanol production technology) Text

Corn Plus Coop. v. Cont’l Cas. Co., 516 F.3d 674 (8th Cir. 2008) (negligent manufacturer of ethanol plant sued) Text

Am. Prairie Const. Co. v. Tri-State Fin., LLC, 529 F.Supp.2d 1061 (D.S.D.,2007) (breach of contract on a bankrupt ethanol plant) Text

Land O’Lakes Purina Feed, LLC v. Albemarle Bio-Refinery, LLC, 2007 WL 4284853 (D. Minn. 2007) (default on a loan to build ethanol plant)

Transocean Group Holdings Pty Ltd. v. S.D. Soybean Processors, L.L.C., 505 F.Supp.2d 573 (D. Minn. Aug. 31, 2007) (breach of contract in forming a biofuel company) Text

Ne. Iowa Ethanol, L.L.C. v. Global Syndicate Intern., Inc., 247 F.App’x 849 (8th Cir. 2007) (ethanol financing company sues escrow agents for misappropriation)

Horizon Ethanol, L.L.C. v. Hanson, 2007 WL 1246455 (N.D. Iowa 2007) (covenant not to compete dealing with ethanol production)

Corn Plus Coop. v. Cont’l Cas. Co., 2007 WL 107676 (D. Minn. 2007) (negligent manufacturer of ethanol plant sued) Text

Ethanol Capital Mgmt, LLC v. DeWeese BioFuels, LLC, 2006 WL 3780409 (D. Neb. 2006) (purchase of an ethanol plant)  Text

Cornhusker Energy Lexington, LLC v. Prospect Street Ventures, 2006 WL 2620985 (D. Neb. 2006) (failure to start an ethanol plant)

Ne. Iowa Ethanol L.L.C. v. Drizin, 2006 WL 290517 (N.D. Iowa 2006) (ethanol financing company sues escrow agents for misappropriation)

PRM Energy Sys., Inc. v. Primenergy, L.L.C., 2005 WL 3783414 (W.D. Ark. 2005) (patents on biomass technology)

U.S. v. AGP Corn Processing, Inc., 2005 WL 2922064 (D. Neb. 2005) (ethanol plant violating the Clean Air Act)

Broin & Assocs., Inc. v. Genencor Int’l, Inc., 232 F.R.D. 335 (D.S.D. 2005) (misappropriation of trade secrets dealing with the production of ethanol)

N. Central Const., Inc. v. Siouxland Energy & Livestock Coop, 232 F.Supp.2d 959 (N.D. Iowa 2002) (foreclosure on a mechanic’s lien on a new ethanol plant) Text


Solar Energy Indus. Ass’n v. Fed. Energy Regulatory Comm’n, 2023 WL 5691711 (9th Cir. 2023) (challenge to rules making it harder for independent energy producers to qualify for benefits) Text

Protect Our Communities Foundation v. LaCounte, 939 F.3d 1029 (9th Cir. 2019) (action challenging the approval of industrial-scale wind facility on Indian reservation) Text

Pit River Tribe v. Bureau of Land Management, 939 F.3d 962 (9th Cir. 2019) (action brought challenging continuation of unproven geothermal leases) Text

Winding Creek Solar LLC v. Peterman, 932 F.3d 861 (9th Cir. 2019) (action brought by solar power facility for violation of PURPA) Text

Backcountry Against Dumps v. Perry, No. 3:12-cv-03062-L-JLB, 2017 WL 3712487 (S.D. Cal. Aug. 8, 2017) (claim brought for alleged violation of NEPA regarding a commercial wind farm) Text

Protect our Communities Foundation v. Black, 240 F.Supp.3d 1055 (S.D. Cal. 2017) (challenging a wind energy project) Text

Backcountry Against Dumps v. Jewell, 674 Fed.Appx. 657 (9th Cir. 2017) (challenging a proposed wind energy project) Text

Protect Our Communities Foundation v. Jewell, 825 F.3d 571 (9th Cir. 2016) (challenging a proposed wind energy project) Text

Williams v. Invenergy, LLC, No. 3:13-cv-01391-AC (D. Oregon Dec. 16, 2014) (nuisance claim against wind farm) Text

Western Lands Project v. U.S. Bureau of Land Management, No. 13-cv-339 JM (JMA), 2014 WL 2892256 (S.D. Cal. June 25, 2014) (challenge the Bureau of Land Managements Solar Energy Program) Text

Protect our Communities Foundation v. Salazar, No. 12cv2211-GPC(PCL), 2013 WL 5947137 (S.D. Cal. 2013) (suit brought challenging Department of Interiors approval of utility-scale wind power project) Text

Desert Protective Council v. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, 927 F.Supp.2d 949 (S.D. Cal. 2013) (suit brought challenging departments approval of utility-scale wind power project) Text

Quechan Tribe of Fort Yuma Indian Reservation v. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, 927 F.Supp.2d 921 (S.D. Cal. 2013) (suit brought challenging departments approval of utility-scale wind power project) Text

Southwest Windpower, Inc. v. Imperial Elec., No. CV-10-8200-SMM, 2011 WL 486089 (D.Ariz. Feb. 4, 2011) (dispute between wind turbine manufacturer and turbine installer) Text

BlueEarth Biofuels v. Hawaiian Elec. Co., No. 09-00181 DAE-KSC, 2010 WL 4715717 (D. Haw. Nov. 15, 2010) (breach of contract regarding biofuel development)

Anahuac Mgmt. v. Mazer, No. 2:09-cv-01590-RLH-PAL, 2010 WL 3385392 (D. Nev. Aug. 23, 2010) (conversion of stock of biofuel company) Text

Rocky Mountain Farmers Union v. Goldstene, 719 F.Supp.2d 1170, 2010 WL 2490999 (E.D. Cal. 2010) (challenge to Global Warming Solutions Act) Text

Buena Vista Biomass Dev., LLC v. Oneto Group, Inc., 2008 WL 2693181 (E.D. Cal. 2008) (purchase of a biomass plant)

Hall v. N. Am. Indus. Serv., Inc., 2007 WL 3341594 (E.D. Cal. 2007) (tort action about an explosion in a biomass plant)

Northwest Envtl. Def. Ctr. v. Bonneville Power Admin., 477 F.3d 668 (9th Cir. 2007) (hydroelectric dam blocking the migration of fish up stream) Text

Ctr. for Biological Diversity v. U.S. Dep’t of Energy, 419 F.Supp.2d 1166 (N.D. Cal. 2006) (fleet vehicles using alternative fuels) Text

Ctr. For Biological Diversity v. Abraham, 218 F.Supp.2d 1143 (N.D. Cal. 2002) (challenge to require the government us use vehicles that use alternative fuels) Text


Bloom v. NextEra Energy, Inc., 2022 WL 2918136 (D. Kan. July 25, 2022) (claims of nuisance and inverse condemnation brought against construction of wind farm) Text

Renewable Fuels Ass’n v. U.S. Envtl. Prot. Agency, 948 F.3d 1206 (10th Cir. 2020) (small refinery ineligible for exemption from Clean Air Act’s renewable fuel mandate) Text

United States v. Osage Wind, LLC, 871 F.3d 1078 (10th Cir. 2017) (action brought against wind company building a wind farm on Indian land) Text

Walker v. Kingfisher Wind, LLC, No. CIV-14-914-D, 2016 WL 5947307 (W.D. Oklahoma Oct. 10, 2016) (nuisance suit stemming from construction and maintenance of a wind turbine farm) Text

In re Gateway Ethanol, L.L.C., No. 08-22579, 2009 WL 1616662 (Bankr. D. Kan. June 5, 2009) (acquisition of thermal oxidizer boiler system was true lease) Text

Romero v. Bernell, 603 F.Supp.2d 1333 (D.N.M. 2009) (partition of wind rights by tenants in common; not able to partition till employed in useful purpose) Text


Doggett v. National Energy Solutions, No. 1:14-cv-02328-JHE, 2015 WL 6087568 (N.D. Alabama Oct. 16, 2015) (injunction sought to prevent construction of wind turbine project) Text

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. v. General Electric Co., No. 6:10–cv–812–Orl–28KRS, 2012 WL 2594331 (M.D. Florida July 5, 2012) (patent infringement case regarding wind turbine blades) Text

Parsons & Whittemore Enters. Corp. v. Cello Energy, LLC, 2008 WL 2463755 (S.D. Ala. 2008) (nondisclosure agreement for biofuel technology)

Parsons & Whittemore, Enters. Corp. v. Cello Energy, LLC, 2008 WL 227952 (S.D. Ala. 2008) (challenge on the rights to ethanol processing technology)


Wynnewood Refining Co., LLC v. Envtl. Prot. Agency, 2023 WL 4567577 (D. D.C. July 18, 2023) (challenge to EPA for failure to meet deadlines to publish renewable fuel standards) Text

Save Long Beach Island v. U.S. Dep’t of Interior, 2023 WL 2424608 (D. D.C. March 9, 2023) (challenge to designation of “Wind Energy Areas”) Text

Growth Energy v. Envtl. Prot. Agency, 5 F.4th 1 (D.C. Cir. 2021) (EPA arbitrarily concluded its renewable fuels rule would not threaten endangered species) Text

Am. Fuel & Petrochemical Mfrs. v. Envtl. Prot. Agency, 3 F.4th 373 (D.C. Cir. 2021) (EPA exceeded Clean Air Act authority by granting fuel volatility waiver) Text

Am. Lung Ass’n v. Envtl. Prot. Agency, 985 F.3d 914 (D.C. Cir. 2021) (EPA’s Affordable Clean Energy Rule regulating power plant greenhouse gas emissions was invalid) Text

POET Biorefining, LLC v. Envtl. Prot. Agency, 970 F.3d 392 (D.C. Cir. 2020) (challenge to EPA’s Cellulosic Guidance) Text

Erie Boulevard Hydropower v. F.E.R.C., 878 F.3d 258 (D.C. Cir. 2017) (challenge to orders denying hydroelectric facility credit for state headwater benefits costs) Text

Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility v. Hopper, 827 F.3d 1077 (D.C. Cir. 2016) (suit challenging the approval of an offshore wind energy project) Text

Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility v. Beaudreau, 25 F.Supp.3d 67 (D.D.C. 2014) (consolidated cases all challenging the construction of offshore wind energy project) Text

Town of Barnstable v. F.A.A., 740 F.3d 681 (D.C. Cir. 2014) (petition for review of FAA decision that proposed wind turbines posed no hazard) Text

City of Idaho Falls, Idaho v. F.E.R.C., 629 F.3d 222 (D.C. Cir. 2011) (challenge to FERC’s update to its annual charges for hydropower projects occupying federal land) Text

Nat’l Petrochemical & Refiners Ass’n v. E.P.A., 630 F.3d 145 (D.C.C. 2010) (review of biomass-based volume requirements set by EPA) Text

New Hope Power Co. v. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 724 F.Supp.2d 90, 2010 WL 2838538 (D. D.C. 2010) (prior converted croplands; renewable energy; jurisdiction on CWA) Text

Clark County v. F.A.A., 522 F.3d 437 (D.C. Cir. 2008) (challenge over wind turbines having to be regulated by the F.F.A. because of their height) Text

S. Cal. Edison Co. v. F.E.R.C., 443 F.3d 94 (D.C. Cir. 2006) (calculating geothermal small power production facility’s power selling rights) Text

Friends of Blackwater v. U.S. Dep’t of Interior, 391 F.Supp.2d 115 (D.D.C. 2005) (FOIA request for bird mortality data caused by wind turbines) Text

Xcel Energy Servs. Inc. v. F.E.R.C., 407 F.3d 1242 (D.C. Cir. 2005) (court could not review a declaratory order on renewable energy credits absent some enforcement action) Text

United States v. Archer-Daniels-Midland Co., 272 F.Supp.2d 1 (D.D.C. 2003) (antitrust action in the ethanol industry) Text


Alta Wind I Owner Lessor v. United States, 166 Fed.Cl. 386 (Fed. Cl. 2023) (wind farm owner’s anticipation of cash grant could not be used to calculate grant under American Recovery and Reinvestment Act) Text

Pacific Wind, LLC v. United States, 150 Fed.Cl. 242 (Fed. Cl. 2020) (wind farm owner had standing to pursue claim that it was underpaid) Text

Alta Wind I Owner Lessor C v. United States, 897 F.3d 1365 (Fed. Cir. 2018) (wind power facilities brought action seeking full payment of grant pursuant to the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009) Text

Gusc Energy, Inc. v. United States, 129 Fed. Cl. 118 (Fed. Cl. 2016) (biomass facility brought action seeking full grant amount pursuant to the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009) Text

Mann v. United States, No. 98-312C, 2014 WL 3501454 (Fed. Cl. July 14, 2014) (breach of geothermal lease) Text

General Electric Company v. Wilkins, 750 F.3d 1324 (Fed. Cir. 2014) (patent owner sought to remove co-inventor from patent of a component for wind turbine engines) Text

General Electric Company v. International Trade Commission, 685 F.3d 1034 (Fed. Cir. 2012) (patent infringement case regarding imported wind turbines) Text

MNS Wind Co., LLC v. United States, 87 Fed. Cl. 167 (Fed. Cl. 2009) (breach of easement for development of turbines)

Mann v. United States, 86 Fed.Cl. 649 (Fed. Cl. 2009) (breach of geothermal leases)


Ala. Envtl. Council, Inc. v. Ala. Pub. Serv. Comm’n, 893 So.2d 287 (Ala. 2004) (voluntary rate increase to fund renewable energy development) Text


Regulatory Commission of Alaska v. Matanuska Electric Association, Inc., 436 P.3d 1015 (Alaska 2019) (leasing and transmission of hydroelectric energy) Text 

Daggett v. Feeney, 397 P.3d 297 (Alaska 2017) (recission of contract to install wind turbines) Text


Siete Solar, LLC v. Arizona Dept. of Revenue, 435 P.3d 1052 (Ariz. Ct. App. 2019) (challenging decision regarding valuation of renewable energy equipment) Text

SolarCity Corp. v. Arizona Dept. of Revenue, 413 P.3d 678 (Ariz. 2018) (taxability of leased solar energy panels) Text

Else v. Arizona Corp. Com’n, No.1 CA-CV 17-0208, 2018 WL 542924 (Ariz. Ct. App. Jan. 25, 2018) (challenge to the development of a new transmission line for renewable energy between New Mexico and Arizona) Text

Sierra Club, Grand Canyon Chapter v. Arizona Corp. Com’n, 354 P.3d 1127 (Ariz. Ct. App. 2015) (challenging commission decision to allow municipal solid waste used as fuel to be considered a renewable energy source) Text

Fox Creek Community Ass’n v. Carson, No. 1 CA-CV 11-0676, 2012 WL 2793206 (Ariz. Ct. App. 2012) (installation of solar panels in violation of community association and architectural committee rules) Text

Miller v. Arizona Corp. Commission, 251 P.3d 400 (Ariz. Ct. App. 2011) (challenging renewable energy rules) Text


Save North Livermore Valley v. Cty. of Alameda Intersect Power, LLC, 2023 WL 5071753 (Cal. Ct. App. 2023) (challenge to county approval of solar project) Text

County of Butte v. Dept. of Water Resources, 39 Cal.App.5th 708 (Cal. Ct. App. 2019) (action brought for failure to extend license to operate a hydroelectric dam) Text

Davis v. Southern California Edison Co., 236 Cal.App.4th 619 (Cal. Ct. App. 2015) (solar generating facility brought action against electric company for deceit and damages) Text

Citizens Opposing a Dangerous Environment v. County of Kern, 228 Cal.App.4th 360 (Cal. Ct. App. 2014) (challenging environmental impact report for construction of wind farm project) Text

Save Panoche Valley v. San Benito County, 217 Cal.App.4th 503 (Cal. Ct. App. 2013) (challenging proposed solar power development) Text

Tesoro del Valle Master Homeowners Assn. v. Griffin, 200 Cal.App.4th 619 (Cal. Ct. App. 2011) (breach of contract and negligence claim regarding installation of solar energy system) Text

Arterberry v. County of San Diego, 106 Cal.Rptr.3d 743 (Cal. Ct. App. 2010) (denial of certification for solar system) Text

W. Ethanol Co. v. Midwest Renewable Energy, No. G041841, 2010 WL 658654 (Cal. Ct. App. Feb. 24, 2010) (failure to pay on shipments of ethanol) Text

Borel v. St. Clair, No. C058908, 2009 WL 2480544 (Cal. Ct. App. Aug. 14, 2009) (negligent installation of wind and solar generators) Text

Ctr. for Biological Diversity, Inc. v. FPL Group, Inc., 166 Cal.App.4th 1349 (Cal. Ct. App. 2008) (violation of public trust by approval of wind farm) Text

Ctr. for Biological Diversity, Inc. v. FPL Group, Inc., 2006 WL 2987634 (Cal. Super. Ct. 2006) (wind turbines and birds)

S. Cal. Edison Co. v. Pub. Util. Comm’n, 121 Cal.App.4th 1303, 18 Cal.Rptr.3d 435 (Cal. Ct. App. 2004) (opinion requiring public utilities to pay for the upgrade of the national grid to accommodate renewable energy) Text

S. Cal. Edison Co. v. Pub. Util. Comm’n, 101 Cal.App.4th 384, 124 Cal.Rptr.2d 281 (Cal. Ct. App. 2002) (floor for transmission losses for qualifying facilities violated federal law) Text


San Isabel Electric Ass’n, Inc. v. Pub. Utilities Comm., 487 P.3d 665 (Colo. 2021) (electric utility could self-supply station power to its wind farm located in rural cooperative service area) Text

Frees v. Tidd, 349 P.3d 259 (Colo. 2015) (servient tenement ownership for non-consumptive hydropower use of water diverted through a ditch subject to an easement) Text


FairwindCT, Inc. v. Connecticut Sitting Council, 99 A.3d 1038 (Conn. 2014) (challenging approval with conditions for construction of wind turbines) Text

Minn. Methane, LLC v. Conn. Dep’t of Pub. Util. Control, 931 A.2d 177 (Conn. 2007) (pre-existing contract to buy electricity also included the renewable energy certificates) Text

Wheelabrator Lisbon, Inc. v. Conn. Dep’t of Pub. Util. Control, 931 A.2d 159 (Conn. 2007) (pre-existing contract to buy electricity also included the renewable energy certificates) Text

Minn. Methane, LLC v. Conn. Dep’t of Pub. Util. Control, 2006 WL 894888 (Conn. Super. Ct. 2006) (ownership of renewable energy certificates)

Wheelabrator Lisbon, Inc. v. Conn. Dep’t of Pub. Util. Control, 2006 WL 894895 (Conn. Super. Ct. 2006) (ownership of renewable energy certificates)


Exelon Generation Acquisistions, LLC v. Deere & Co., 176 A.3d 1262 (Del. 2017) (breach of contract against buyer of wind farm projects) Text

Green Plains Renewable Energy Inc. v. Ethanol Holding Company, No. N14C-01-233 MMJ CCLD, 2016 WL 5399699 (Del. Supr. Aug. 19, 2016) (purchase and transfer of ethanol production assets) Text

Lechliter v. Delaware Dept. of Natural Resources & Environmental Control, No. 7939-VCG, 2015 WL 9591587 (Del. Ch. Dec. 31, 2015) (challenging the approval, construction, and operation of a wind turbine) Text


Florida Industrial Power Users Group v. Brown, 273 So.3d 926 (Fla. 2019) (challenging the recovery of costs through base rates for solar energy centers) Text

Advisory Opinion to Atty. Gen. re Rights of Electricity Consumers Regarding Solar Energy Choice, 188 So.3d 822 (Fla. 2016) (citizen amendment to the state constitution regarding electricity consumers right to own or lease solar equipment installed on their property to generate electricity for their own use) Text

Advisory Opinion to Atty. Gen. re Limits or Prevents Barriers to Local Solar Electricity Supply, 177 So.3d 235 (Fla. 2015) (citizen amendment to the state constitution regarding the purchase and sale of solar electricity) Text


Macon-Bibb County Planning and Zoning Commission v. Epic Midstream, LLC., 826 S.E.2d 403 (Ga. Ct. App. 2019) (challenging the denial of a conditional use permit to unload ethanol into a pipeline) Text


Keep the North Shore Country v. Bd. of Land Natural Resources, 506 P.3d 150 (Haw. 2022) (challenge to incidental take license for proposed wind turbine power plant) Text

Matter of Hawai’I Electric Light Company, Inc., 445 P.3d 673 (Haw. 2019) (challenging power purchase agreement between proposed biofuel facility and energy buyer) Text

Kaheawa Wind Power, LLC v. County of Maui, 347 P.3d 632 (Haw. Ct. App. 2014) (wind turbines and their eligibility for taxation) Text

BlueEarth Biofuels v. Hawaiian Elec. Co., 235 P.3d 310 (Hawai’i 2010) (breach of contract, unfair competition, conversion, and other claims against biodiesel producer) Text


S Bar Ranch v. Elmore Cty., 510 P.3d 635 (Idaho 2022) (challenge to conditional use permits for development of wind farm) Text

Idaho Power Co. v. Idaho Public Utility Commission, 316 P.3d 1278 (Idaho 2013) (challenge to denial of approval of contract between electric utility and wind farms) Text

Idaho Power Co. v. Idaho Dept. of Water Resources, 255 P.3d 1152 (Idaho 2011) (challenging a term condition in a license for diversion of water for hydropower purposes) Text


Commonwealth Edison Company v. Illinois Commerce Commission, 128 N.E.3d 1165 (Ill. App. Ct. 2019) (challenging legislation that developed a long-term renewable resources procurement plan to promote renewable energy) Text

Concerned Citizens v. Illinois Commerce Commission, 112 N.E.3d 128 (Ill. App. Ct. 2018) (challenging the approval of construction of a high voltage electric service transmission line to connect wind generation facilities) Text

Illinois Landowners Alliance, NFP v. Illinois Commerce Commission, 90 N.E.3d 448 (Ill. 2017) (challenging the approval of construction of an electrical transmission line project for connection of wind generation facility) Text

AUI Const. Group, LLC v. Vaessen, 67 N.E.3d 500 (Ill. App. Ct. 2016) (wind energy tower a non-lienable trade fixture) Text

Citizens Utility Bd. V. Illinois Commerce Commission, 55 N.E.3d 736 (Ill. App. Ct. 2016) (petition to approve community-owned solar pilot program) Text

Res. Tech. Corp. v. Ill. Commerce Comm’n, 822 N.E.2d 50 (Ill. App. Ct. 2004) (challenge to a hearing on whether a plant still meets criteria necessary to remain a qualified solid waste energy facility) Text

Adkins Energy, LLC v. Delta-T Corp., 806 N.E.2d 1273 (Ill. App. Ct. 2004) (ethanol plant owners sue to exclude the provider of the technology) Text


Mammoth Solar v. Ehrlich, 196 N.E.3d 221 (Ind. Ct. App. 2022) (board approval of proposed solar farm was arbitrary and capricious) Text

Flat Rock Wind, LLC v. Rush County Area Board of Zoning Appeals, 70 N.E.3d 848 (Ind. Ct. App. 2017) (challenging the setback requirement for construction of a commercial wind energy conversion system) Text

Dunmoyer v. Wells County, Indiana Area Plan Commission, 32 N.E.3d 785 (Ind. Ct. App. 2015) (challenging the approval for development of a large wind energy farm) Text

Wind Wire, LLC v. Finney, 977 N.E.2d 401 (Ind. Ct. App. 2012) (wind turbine buyers brought action against turbine installer alleging contractual fraud and breach of contract for the purchase and installation of a residential wind turbine) Text

Hamby v. Bd. of Zoning Appeals of Area Plan Comm’n of Warrick County, 932 N.E.2d 1251 (Ind. Ct. App. 2010) (high variance for installation of wind turbines on residence) Text


Story Cty. Wind, LLC v. Story Cty. Bd. of Review, 2023 WL 4634654 (Iowa 2023) (wind plant did not change its property tax valuation) Text

Madison Cty. Coal. for Science Pres. LLC v. Zoning Bd. of Adjustment of Madison Cty., Iowa, 957 N.W.2d 33 (Iowa Ct. App. 2021) (challenge to finding that the county zoning board of adjustment did not overreach when it granted request to complete a wind turbine project) Text

Mathis v. Iowa Utilities Board, No.18-1184, 2019 WL1966953 (Iowa May 3, 2019) (challenging the order determining 170 turbine wind project constituted a single site or facility under Iowa Code provision) Text

Mathis v. Palo Alto County Board of Supervisors, 927 N.W.2d 191 (Iowa 2019) (challenging a wind energy zoning ordinance and approval of a wind energy project) Text

Woods v. Fayette County Zoning Board of Adjustment, 913 N.W.2d 275 (Iowa Ct. App. 2018) (challenging the reversal of a decision allowing for the construction of wind turbines on agricultural land) Text

Krummen v. Winger, 888 N.W.2d 680 (Iowa Ct. App. 2016) (action to terminate a contract regarding the transfer of a wind energy lease and agreement) Text

Earth Linked Wind Solutions, LLC v. Heartland Energy Solutions, LLC, 868 N.W.2d 202 (Iowa Ct. App. 2015) (breach of contract claim regarding refurbishing of wind turbines) Text

Miller v. Grundy County Bd. of Supervisors, No, 14-0765, 2015 WL 1817096 (Iowa Ct. App. April 22, 2015) (challenging the amending of a zoning ordinance to allow for the development of a wind farm) Text

Midland Power Co-op. v. Swecker, 09-1218, 2010 WL 2598291 (Iowa Ct. App. June 30, 2010) (no agricultural lien resulting from the sale of wind power) Text

Vanwyk Farms, L.C. v. Poweshiek County Bd. of Supervisors, No. 07-1958, 2009 WL 778086 (Iowa Ct. App. 2009) (challenging rezoning for agricultural purposes for building of an ethanol plant) Text

Windway Techs., Inc. v. Midland Power Co-op., 696 N.W.2d 303 (Iowa 2005) (suit to require energy company to file avoided cost reports) Text

Office of Consumer Advocate v. Iowa Util. Bd., 656 N.W.2d 101 (Iowa 2003) (state alternate energy laws are preempted by federal energy law) Text

Litterer v. Judge, 644 N.W.2d 357 (Iowa 2002) (appeal over the state not mandating that all gasoline sold contain at least 10% ethanol) Text


Pretty Prairie Wind LLC v. Reno Cty., 517 P.3d 135 (Kan. Ct. App. 2022) (challenge to denial of permit to build wind farm) Text

Zimmerman v. Bd. of County Commissioners, 264 P.3d 989 (Kan. 2011) (zoning to prohibit wind farms does not support a takings claim) Text

Zimmerman v. Bd. of County Comm’rs, 218 P.3d 400 (Kan. 2009) (zoning to prohibit wind farms)  Text

In re City of Garnett/East Kan. Agri-Energy, L.C.C., 177 P.3d 1279 (Kan. Ct. App. 2008) (exemption of ad valorem taxes for an ethanol plant) Text


Ulrich v. Robinson, No. 2018-CA-0534, 2019 WL 1395316 (La. March 26, 2019) (class action suit regarding statute placing cap on total amount of solar electric system income tax credits available to taxpayers was unconstitutional to extent it deprived taxpayers of a vested property right) Text

Gross v. State, 273 So.3d 350 (La. 2019) (class action suit regarding retroactive application of amended statute placing caps on tax credits for solar energy systems in violation of due process) Text


Champlain Wind, LLC v. Board of Environmental Protection, 129 A.3d 279 (Me. 2015) (challenging the denial of permit for a proposed wind energy project) Text

Fox Island Wind Neighbors v. Dept. of Environmental Protection, 116 A.3d 940 (Me. 2015) (violation of the permitted noise limit from a wind farm) Text

Beckford v. Town of Clifton, 107 A.3d 1124 (Me. 2014) (challenging the vacating of a decision that permitted construction and operation of a wind energy project) Text

Passadumkeag Mountain Friends v. Board of Environmental Protection, 102 A.3d 1181 (Me. 2014) (challenging denial of permit to develop a wind farm) Text

Friends of Maine’s Mountains v. Board of Environmental Protection, 61 A.3d 689 (Me. 2013) (challenging permits to build a wind energy project) Text

Friends of Boundary Mountains v. Land Use Regulation Commission, 40 A.3d 947 (Me. 2012) (challenging permits to construct wind energy facility) Text

Concerned Citizens to Save Roxbury v. Board of Environmental Protection, 15 A.3d 1263 (Me. 2011) (challenging permits to construct wind energy facility in town) Text

Friends of Lincoln Lakes v. Bd. of Envtl. Prot., 989 A.2d 1128, 2010 WL 816170 (Me. 2010) (challenging permits to construct wind farm) Text

UAH-Hydro Kennebec, L.P. v. Town of Winslow, 921 A.2d 146 (Me. 2007) (hydroelectric operator was assessed a higher property tax because of the premium they received for selling renewable power) Text

Bertl v. Pub. Util. Comm’n, 885 A.2d 776 (Me. 2005) (owner of small hydroelectric dam protested net billing requirement)  Text


Blood v. Stoneridge at Fountain Green Homeowners Association, Inc., 215 A.3d 415 (Md. Ct. Spec. App. 2019) (action against homeowners who installed solar panels on entire roof of their home) Text

Matter of Twigg, No. 2510, Sept. Term, 2017 (Md. Ct. Spec. App. 2019) (challenging the special exception allowing operation of a solar energy system in an agricultural zoning district) Text

Board of County Commissioners of Washington County v. Perennial Solar, LLC, 212 A.3d 868 (Md. Ct. App. 2019) (challenging the grant of variance and special exception to construct a solar energy generating system) Text

Dan’s Mountain Wind Force, LLC v. Allegany County Board of Zoning Appeals, 182 A.3d 252 (Md. Ct. Spec. App. 2018) (challenging the denial of application to construct wind turbines) Text

Sprenger v. Pub. Serv. Comm’n of Md., 400 Md. 1, 926 A.2d 238 (Md. 2007) (action to prevent the construction of a wind farm) Text

Clipper Windpower, Inc. v. Sprenger, 924 A.2d 1160 (Md. 2007) (challenge to the granting of a certificate of public convenience to build a wind farm) Text

Sprenger v. Pub. Serv. Comm’n of Md., 910 A.2d 544 (Md. Ct. Spec. App. 2006) (action to prevent the construction of a wind farm) Text


Drummey v. Town of Falmouth, 25 N.E.3d 907 (Mass. App. Ct. 2015) (action alleging violation of zoning laws by operating a wind turbine without special permit) Text

Alliance to Prot. Nantucket Sound v. Energy Facilities Siting Bd., 932 N.E.2d 787 (Mass. 2010) (approval of petition to build underground transmission lines for offshore wind power facility) Text

Town of Barnstable v. Cape Wind Assoc., LLC, 27 Mass.L.Rptr. 111, 2010 WL 2436837 (Mass. Super. Ct. 2010) (challenge to a final environmental impact report concerning a wind farm)

Indeck Maine Energy, LLC v. Comm’r Of Div. Of Energy Resources, 888 N.E.2d 994 (Mass. App. Ct. 2008) (challenging the division’s issuance of statements of qualification to distribute renewable energy certificates) Text

Alliance to Protect Nantucket Sound, Inc. v. Energy Facilities Siting Bd., 858 N.E.2d 294 (Mass. 2006) (suit to prevent transmission line from wind farm from the area) Text


Heritage Sustainable Energy, LLC v. County of Schoolcraft, No. 331279, 2016 WL 6139151 (Mich. Ct. App. Oct. 20, 2016) (action for inverse condemnation prohibiting the construction of wind energy systems and deprivation of economically beneficial use of property) Text

In re Application of Consumers Energy Co. for Reconciliation of 2009 Costs, 859 N.W.2d 216 (Mich. Ct. App. 2014) (appeal from decision that biomass electric-generating unit was not eligible to recover the costs of nitrogen oxide allowance) Text

Adrian Energy Ass’n, L.L.C. v. Mich. Pub. Serv. Comm’n, 2008 WL 1795073 (Mich. Ct. App. 2008) (qualifying cogeneration facilities sue to recover avoided costs) Text

In re Application of Detroit Edison Co., 740 N.W.2d 685 (Mich. Ct. App. 2007) (electric company tried to pass along the cost of a renewable energy program) Text

Attorney Gen. v. Pub. Serv. Comm’n, 713 N.W.2d 290 (Mich. Ct. App. 2005) )(charge was assessed on a per meter basis for a renewable energy program) Text


Behrends v. Jackson Cty., 2022 WL 17956776 (Minn. Ct. App. Dec. 27, 2022) (variances for wind turbines were appropriately granted) Text

Matter of USS Great River Solar LLC, 2022 WL 4295368 (Minn. Ct. App. Sept. 19, 2022) (challenge to denial of application for solar farm permit) Text

Matter of Impact Power Solutions, LLC, 2022 WL 1448223 (May 9, 2022) (challenge to denial of application for solar farm permit) Text

City of Orono v. Nygard, No. A14-1062, 2015 WL 2467194 (Minn. Ct. App. June 1, 2015) (construction of wind turbine in violation of city zoning code) Text

In re AWA Goodhue Wind, LLC, No. A11-2229, 2012 WL 2369004 (Minn. Ct. App. June 25, 2012) (challenge to county setback ordinances for wind energy projects) Text

Outland Renewable Energy, LLC v. Siemens Energy, Inc., No. A10-1663, 2011 WL 2518965 (Minn. Ct. App. June 27, 2011) (breach of contract regarding the sale and installation of wind turbines) Text

Glacial Plains Co-op v. Chippewa Valley Ethanol Co., No. A10-869, 2011 WL 382710 (Minn. Ct. App. Feb. 8, 2011) (whether ethanol contract required cooperative to pay for grain storage costs) Text

In re Heron Lake BioEnergy, LLC, 2006 WL 1806160 (Minn. Ct. App. 2006) (challenge over ethanol plant’s ability to meet Clean Air Act requirements) Text

In re Detailing Criteria & Standards for Measuring Elec. Utility’s Good Faith Efforts in Meeting the Renewable Energy Objectives under Minn. Stat. 216B.1691, 700 N.W.2d 533 (Minn. Ct. App. 2005) (challenge over compliance with renewable energy objectives) Text

Agra Ress. Coop v. Freeborn County Bd. of Comm’rs, 682 N.W.2d 681 (Minn. Ct. App. 2004) (disposal of industrial wastewater from an ethanol plant) Text


Grain Belt Express Clean Line, LLC v. Public Service Commission, 555 S.W.3d 469 (Mo. 2018) (challenging the denial of application for electrical transmission line that would move wind-generated energy) Text

KCP&L Greater Missouri Operations Co. v. Missouri Public Service Commission, 515 S.W.3d 754 (Mo. Ct. App. 2017) (challenging the construction of a solar generation facility) Text

Lake at Twelve Oaks Home Association, Inc. v. Hausman, 488 S.W.3d 190 (Mo. Ct. App. 2016) (action brought against homeowners for installation of solar power arrays without permission) Text

Hague v. Trustees of Highlands of Chesterfield, 431 S.W.3d 504 (Mo. Ct. App. 2014) (action brought against homeowners association for refusal to allow installation of rooftop solar panels) Text

Babb v. Missouri Public Service Commission, 414 S.W.3d 64 (Mo. Ct. App. 2013) (challenging denial of special use permit for installation of a slolar energy system on home) Text

Citizens for Ground Water Prot. v. Porter, 275 S.W.3d 329 (Mo. Ct. App. 2008) (review of proposed ethanol plant) Text


San Diego Gas & Elec. Co. v. Gilbert, 329 P.3d 1264 (Mont. 2014) (breach of contribution agreement between wind energy company and electric utility) Text

Mattson v. Montana Power Co., 291 P.3d 1209 (Mont. 2012) (trespass, nuisance, taking of property, and breach of easements action against dam operator) Text

Plains Grains Ltd. Partnership v. Board of County Commissioners of Cascade County, 283 P.3d 332 (Mont. 2010) (challenging the rezoning of land from agriculture to heavy industry which allows wind turbines and alternative energy production) Text


Preserve the Sandhills, LLC v. Cherry Cty., 986 N.W.2d 265 (Neb. 2023) (challenge to conditional use permit for wind turbine project) Text

Banks v. Heineman, 837 N.W.2d 70 (Neb. 2013) (challenging the constitutionality of a change in tax credit for wind energy generation facilities) Text


Sowers v. Forest Hills Subdivision, 294 P.3d 427 (Nev. 2013) (challenging a proposed residential wind turbine as a potential nuisance) Text


Appeal of Mary Allen, 186 A.3d 879 (N.H. 2018) (challenging the approval for construction of nine wind turbines) Text

In re Pinetree Power, Inc., 871 A.2d 78 (N.H. 2005) (conversion to a wood burning electric plant) Text


Matter of Implementation of L. 2012, C. 24, Solar Act of 2012, No. A-4666-15T3 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. Oct. 20, 2017) (challenging denial of extension of time to complete construction of solar energy project) Text

Matter of Certificate of Dept. of Environmental Protection Granting Partial Release of Conservation Restrictions, No. A-2316-10T2 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. July 31, 2017) (challenging the proposed construction of a solar energy facility) Text

In re Implementation of L. 2012, C.24, N.J.S.A 48:3-87(t), 127 A.3d 711 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div.  2015) (challenge to denial of applicant to build solar electric power generation facility on alleged brownfield, which was agricultural property) Text

In re Petition of Fisherman’s Atlantic City Windfarm, No. A-3932-13T3 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. May 29, 2015) (challenging the denial of application for a wind energy project) Text

Bayshore Regional Sewerage Authority v. Borough of Union Beach, No. A-2086-12T1 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. July 3, 2014) (dispute related to efforts to construct a wind turbine) Text

Dalessio v. Township of Upper Deerfield, No. A-3128-10T3 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. Dec. 16, 2011) (challenging ordinances that restrict and regulate solar energy facilities) Text

In re Ownership of Renewable Energy Certificates, 913 A.2d 825 (N.J. Super. Ct. App. Div. 2007) (challenge of a ruling stating that renewable energy certificates belonged to the utilities on pre-existing contracts) Text


Daigle v. Eldorado Community Improvement Ass’n, Inc., No. 34,819 (N.M. Ct. App. March 1, 2016) (challenging prohibition against ground-based solar collectors) Text

N.M. Indus. Energy Consumers v. N.M. Pub. Regulation Comm’n, 168 P.3d 105 (N.M. 2007) (electric company allowed to recover the costs for its renewable energy certificates) Text


Coal. Of Concerned Citizens v. New York State Bd. on Elec. Generation Siting and the Envt., 199 A.D.3d 1310 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. App. Div. 2021) (challenge to grant of certificate for wind facility) Text

Bank of Akron v. Spring Creek Athletic Club, Inc., 59 N.Y.S.3d 214 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. App. Div. 2017) (solar and wind energy easements were subject to foreclosure by mortgagee) Text

Ecogen Wind v. Town of Prattsburgh Town Bd., 978 N.Y.S.2d 485 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. App. Div. 2013) (challenging the construction of a wind energy facility) Text

Frigault v. Town of Richfield Planning Bd., 968 N.Y.S.2d 673 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. App. Div. 2013) (challenging the approval for special use permit to construct a wind turbine project) Text

Air Energy TCI, Inc. v. County of Cortland, 955 N.Y.S.2d 769 (N.Y. 2012) (challenging legislative resolution denying proposal for wind energy project) Text

Clear Skies over Orangeville v. Town Bd. of Town of Orangeville, 938 N.Y.S.2d 225 (Table) (N.Y. April 19, 2010) (citizen group challenging zoning law governing prospective large-scale development of wind farms) Text

Finger Lakes Pres. Ass’n v. Town of Italy, 887 N.Y.S.2d 499 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 2009) (standing to challenge rezoning for wind energy development) Text

Wind Power Ethics Group v. Zoning Bd. of Appeals of Cape Vincent, 875 N.Y.S.2d 359 (N.Y. App. Div. 2009) (wind farm qualified as “utility”; permitted use in “Agricultural Residential Distict”)

W. Beekmantown Neighborhood Ass’n, Inc. v. Zoning Bd. of Appeals of Town of Beekmantown, 861 N.Y.S.2d 864 (N.Y. App. Div. 2008) (conditional use permit to build wind farm) Text

Prime Energy Solutions, Inc. v. New York, 2008 WL 2574487 (N.Y. Ct. Cl. 2008) (breach of contract suit for the nonpayment of incentives to use solar energy) Text

Advocates for Prattsburgh, Inc. v. Steuben County Indus. Dev. Agency, 48 A.D.3d 1157, 851 N.Y.S.2d 759 (N.Y. App. Div. 2008) (challenging the set back requirements for wind turbines) Text

Brander v. Warren Town Bd., 847 N.Y.S.2d 450 (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 2007) (action seeking to annul permission to build a wind farm) Text

Trude v. Town Bd. of Cohocton, 851 N.Y.S.2d 61 (Table) (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 2007) (action to annul town city statute regulating wind farms) Text

Friedhaber v. Town Bd. of Sheldon, 851 N.Y.S.2d 58 (Table) (N.Y. Sup. Ct. 2007) (action to prevent the construction of a wind farm) Text

Boyle v. McGlynn, 28 A.D.3d 994, 814 N.Y.S.2d 312 (N.Y. App. Div. 2006) (vendors failure to disclose future wind farm project on neighboring tract of land was a misrepresentation) Text


Dellinger v. Lincoln County, 832 S.E.2d 172 (N.C. Ct. App. 2019) (challenging denial of a permit to install solar energy facility) Text

Ecoplexus Inc. v. Couty of Currituck Bd. of Commissioners, 809 S.E.2d 148 (N.C. Ct. App. 2017) (challenging denial of application to construct solar energy farm) Text

Innovative 55, LLC v. Robeson County, 801 S.E.2d 671 (N.C. Ct. App. 2017) (challenging denial of application to construct a solar farm) Text

State ex rel. Utilities Commission v. Environmental Defense Fund, 716 S.E.2d 370 (N.C. Ct. App. 2011) (wood fuel as a biomass resource and a renewable energy resource) Text

N. Iredell Neighbors for Rural Life v. Iredell County, 674 S.E.2d 436 (N.C. Ct. App. 2009) (biodiesel production does not fall in bona fide farm exemption from zoning ordinances) Text


Bearce v. Yellowstone Energy Development, 924 N.W.2d 791 (N.D. 2019) (fraudulent inducement and breach of contract action regarding proposed ethanol plant) Text


In re Application of Firelands Wind, LLC, 2023 WL 4770456 (Ohio 2023) (challenge to state’s approval of proposed wind turbine project) Text

In re Application of Icebreaker Windpower, Inc., 207 N.E.3d 651 (Ohio 2022) (challenge to certificate of environmental compatibility and public need for wind farm) Text

In re Greenwich Windpark, LLC, No. 2017-1375 (Ohio June 20, 2019) (challenge to approval of application for proposed wind farm) Text

In re Black Fork Wind Energy, 124 N.E.3d 787 (Ohio 2018) (challenging wind energy company’s extension of certificate) Text

In re Buckeye Wind, LLC, 68 N.E.3d 786 (Ohio 2016) (amending a certificate for construction of wind farm) Text

In re Application of Champaign Wind, LLC, 58 N.E.3d 1142 (Ohio 2016) (challenging the construction of a wind powered electric generation facility) Text

Jones v. Auburn Township Bd. of Zoning Appeals, No. 2011-G-3033 (Ohio Ct. App. Dec. 24, 2012) (challenging the denial of zoning application to construct a wind turbine) Text

Ohio ex rel. Stoll v. Logan Cty. Bd. of Elections, 881 N.E.2d 1214 (Ohio 2008) (referendum to prevent the building of a wind farm) Text

FirstEnergy Corp. v. Pub. Util. Comm’n., 768 N.E.2d 648 (Ohio 2002) (challenge that small, net generators of power were not entitled to credit from the utility for transportation) Text


Osage Nation v. Board of Commissioners of Osage County, 394 P.3d 1224 (Okla. 2017) (challenging a zoning ordinance and permit approved for construction and operation of wind energy facility) Text

Mustang Run Wind Project, LLC v. Osage County Bd. of Adjustments, 387 P.3d 333 (Okla. 2016) (challenging the denial for a conditional use permit to operate energy facility using wind turbines) Text


1000 Friends of Oregon v. Jackson County, 423 P.3d 793 (Or. Ct. App. 2018) (challenging reversal of county’s approval to establish a solar power generation facility on farmland) Text

Seneca Sustainable Energy, LLC v. Dept. of Revenue, No. TC 5193, 5208 (Or. Tax Ct. Sept. 26, 2016) (action regarding the real market value of a biomass electricity cogeneration facility) Text

Cascade Kelly Holding v. Oregon Dept. of Energy, 365 P.3d 603 (Or. Ct. App. 2015) (action seeking certification that ethanol plant was entitle to energy tax credits) Text

Blue Mountain Alliance v. Energy Facility Siting Council, 300 P.3d 1203 (Or. 2013) (challenging approval of construction of a wind energy facility) Text


Atlantic Wind, LLC v. Zoning Hearing Bd. of Penn Forest Township, 272 A.3d 994 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 2022) (appeal of denial of special exception application for wind turbine facility) Text 

EDF Renewable Energy v. Foster Township Zoning Hearing Board, 150 A.3d 538 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 2016) (challenging denial of application for special exception to construct multiple wind farms) Text

Sunrise Energy, LLC v. FirstEnergy Corp., 148 A.3d 894 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 2016) (breach of contract and quasi-contract claims for failure to pay solar power facility) Text

PPM Atlantic Renewable v. Fayette County Zoning Hearing Bd., No. 1431 C.D. 2010 (Pa. Commw. Ct. March 11, 2015) (review of zoning board’s rejection of special exceptions and variance for proposed wind energy project) Text

In re Broad Mountain Development Co., LLC, 17 A.3d 434 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 2011) (challenging the revocation of zoning permit to develop wind turbine project) Text

Tink-Wig Mountain Lake-Forest Prop. Owners Ass’n v. Lackawaxen Twp. Zoning Hearing Bd., 986 A.2d 935 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 2009) (challenging zoning permit to construct wind farm) Text

Piccolella v. Lycoming County Zoning Hearing Bd., 984 A.2d 1046 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 2009) (zoning ordinance that allows wind farms) Text

Plaxton v. Lycoming County Zoning Hearing Bd., 986 A.2d 199 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 2009) (zoning ordinance that allows wind farms) Text

Pa. Power Co. v. Pub. Util. Comm’n, 932 A.2d 300 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 2007) (requirement to purchase alternative energy from within the state or the regional transmission organization) Text

Green Mountain Energy Co. v. Pa. Pub. Util. Comm’n, 812 A.2d 740 (Pa. Commw. Ct. 2002) (appeal of an electric company’s authorization to charge a wind tariff) Text


DePasquale v. Cwiek, 129 A.3d 72 (R.I. 2016) (challenging decision of Tax Board of Review denying appeal from tax bill based on assessment of wind turbines) Text


Am. Petroleum Inst. v. S.C. Dep’t of Revenue, 677 S.E.2d 16 (S.C. 2009) (renewable energy sale tax exemptions unconstitutional) Text


Matter of Ehlebracht, 978 N.W.2d 741 (South Dakota 2022) (challenging to approval of siting permit for wind farm) Text

Powers v. Powers, 974 N.W.2d 706 (South Dakota 20222) (right of first refusal did not apply to wind energy lease) Text

Hyde v. Sully County Bd. of Adjustment, 886 N.W.2d 355 (S.D. 2016) (challenging the granting of a conditional use permit for an ethanol plant) Text

Ass Kickin Ranch, LLC v. North Star Mutual Insurance Co., 822 N.W.2d 724 (S.D. 2012) (Action brought against insurer for denial of coverage for destroyed unassembled wind turbines) Text


Greer v. Fayette Cty., Tennessee Bd. of Zoning Appeals, 2023 WL 3301427 (Ct. App. Tenn. May 8, 2023) (challenge to grant of special exception for solar farm) Text


TXU Portfolio Management Co., L.P. v. FPL Energy, LLC, 529 S.W.3d 47259 (Tex. 2016) (breach of contract action against wind farm electrical generation facility) Text

FPL Energy, LLC v. TXU Portfolio Management Co., L.P., 426 S.W.3d 59 (Tex. 2014) (breach of contract action against wind farm electrical generation facility) Text

Green Diesel, LLC v. VicNRG, No. 14-13-00017-CV (Tex. App. July 2, 2013) (action brought against biodiesel plant for unlawful generation of Renewable Identification Numbers) Text

Ladd v. Silver Star I Power Partners, LLC, No. 11-11-00188-CV (Tex. App. May 16, 2013) (wind turbine project nuisance action) Text

Rankin v. FPL Energy, LLC, 266 S.W.3d 506 (Tex. App. 2008) (injunctive relief against wind farm) Text

Cities of Abilene, San Angelo, & Vernon v. Pub. Util. Comm’n of Tex., 146 S.W.3d 742 (Tex. App. 2004) (recovery of fuel reconciliation costs) Text


Northern Monticello All. LLC v. San Juan Cty., 526 P.3d 829 (Ut. App. Feb. 16, 2023) (challenge to decision not to revoke wind farm conditional use permit) Text


In re Chelsea Solar LLC, No. 19-226 (Vt. 2021) (solar facilities were single plant which exceeded generation cap) Text

In re Derby GLC Solar, LLC, No. 2019-078 (Vt. Oct. 18, 2019) (challenging denial of application for certificate of public good for net-metered solar electric-generation facility) Text

In re LK Holdings, LLC, 201 A.3d 373 (Vt. 2018) (challenging dismissal of application for certificate of public good to construct a solar energy system) Text

In re Investigation Into Standard-Offer Program, 191 A.3d 113 (Vt. 2018) (review of Public Utility Commission order that altered technology allocations in the standard-offer program for renewable energy projects) Text

In re Programmatic Changes, 175 A.3d 509 (Vt. 2017) (judicial review of denial of request for reconsideration of denial of proposed solar energy projects) Text

In re Rutland Renewable Energy, LLC, 147 A.3d 621 (Vt. 2016) (petition for a certificate of public good for construction solar generation facility) Text

In re Green Mountain Power Co., 60 A.3d 654 (Vt. 2012) (challenging a granting of a certificate of public good to construct a wind farm) Text

In re Cross Pollination, 47 A.3d 1285 (Vt. 2012) (challenging a granting of a certificate of public good for construction of a solar energy farm) Text

In re UPC Vt. Wind, LLC, 969 A.2d 144 (Vt. 2009) (petition for a certificate of public good) Text

In re Vt. Elec. Power Co., 895 A.2d 226 (Vt. 2006) (challenge to the construction of a wind farm) Text

In re Halnon, 811 A.2d 161 (Vt. 2002) (denial of an application requesting a certificate of public good to put up a wind turbine) Text

Barnet Hydro Co. v. Pub. Serv. Bd., 807 A.2d 347 (Vt. 2002) (modifying contracts of small hydroelectric and biomass power producers) Text


Karr v. Va. Dept. of Environmental Quality, 789 S.E.2d 121 (Va. Ct. App. 2016) (challenging regulations that effect construction and operation of small wind energy projects) Text

Miller v. Highland County, 274 Va. 355, 650 S.E.2d 532 (Va. 2007) (challenge that wind farm developer’s permits were invalid) Text


Center for Environmental Law v. Washington Dept. of Ecology, 383 P.3d 608 (Wash. Ct. App. 2016) (challenge of order approving water right for public utility district’s hydroelectric project) Text

Save Our Scenic Area v. Skamania County, 352 P.3d 177 (Wash. 2015) (challenging the approval of wind powered energy facility) Text

Friends of Columbia Gorge, Inc. v. State Energy Facility Site Evaluation Council, 310 P.3d 780 (Wash. 2013) (challenging the approval of wind powered energy facility project) Text

Residents Opposed to Kittitas Turbines v. State Energy Facility Site Evaluation Council, 197 P.3d 1153 (Wash. 2008) (state’s authority to permit construction of wind turbines) Text

Okeson v. City of Seattle. 150 P.3d 556 (Wash. 2007) (city was sued for trying to pay public and private entities to reduce emissions such as conversion to biodiesel) Text

Lathrop v. State Energy Facility Site Evaluation Council, 121 P.3d 774 (Wash. Ct. App. 2005) (challenge on a wind farm) Text


Mountain Communities For Responsible Energy v. Pub. Serv. Comm’n of W. Va., 2008 WL 2522606 (W. Va. 2008) (challenge on the construction of a wind turbine farm) Text

Burch v. Nedpower Mount Storm, LLC, 647 S.E.2d 879 (W. Va. 2007) (nuisance action to prevent the construction of a wind farm) Text


Enz v. Duke Energy Renewable Services, Inc., 991 N.W.2d 423 (Wis. Ct. App. April 4, 2023) (nuisance claim over wind turbines) Text

Wisconsin Realtors Assoc. v. Public Service Commission of Wisconsin, 867 N.W.2d 364 (Wis. 2015) (challenging Public Service Commission promulgation of wind energy rules) Text

Oneida Seven Generations Corp. v. City of Green Bay, 865 N.W.2d 162 (Wis. 2015) (challenging city’s decision to rescind conditional use permit for renewable energy facility) Text

Ecker Bros. v. Calumet County, No. 2007AP2109, 2009 WL 2032336 (Wis. Ct. App. July 15, 2009) (county ordinance regulating wind farms) Text

Emerging Energies, LLP v. Manitowoc County, No. 2008AP1508, 2009 WL 529910 (Wis. Ct. App. Mar. 4, 2009) (challenging county ordinance governing large wind energy systems) Text


Monaghan Farms, Inc. v. Bd. of Cty. Comm’rs, 527 P.3d 1195 (Wyo. 2023) (challenge to board’s decision to approve application for wind farm) Text

Northern Laramie Range Foundation v. Converse County Bd. of County Commissioners, 290 P.3d 1063 (Wyo. 2012) (challenging the approval for construction of a wind energy generation facility) Text