Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act (PACA)



The Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act (“PACA”), 7 U.S.C. §§ 499a-499t, was enacted in 1930 to regulate the marketing of perishable agricultural commodities in interstate and foreign commerce. The primary purposes of the PACA are to prevent unfair and fraudulent conduct in the marketing and selling of perishable agricultural commodities and to facilitate the orderly flow of perishable agricultural commodities in interstate and foreign commerce. The PACA is administered and regulated by the Agricultural Marketing Service, an agency within the USDA. Read the full overview.


Major Statutes

The Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act, 7 U.S.C. §§ 499a-499t


Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act Regulations, 7 C.F.R. §§ 46.1-46.49

Rules of Practice for Reparation Proceedings, 7 C.F.R. §§ 47.1-47.49

Rules of Practice Governing Formal Adjudicatory Proceedings, 7 C.F.R. §§ 1.130-1.151

Federal Register Rules Open for Comment

Case Law

Case Law Index for Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act

Administrative Law Decisions

USDA, Office of the Administrative Law Judges

Center-published USDA Judicial Officer Decisions

Recent Reparation Decisions

Summaries of Judicial Officer Decisions


Center Research Publications

Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act Factsheet (Pittman, 2012)

Legal and Business Guide for Specialty Crop Producers (National AgLaw Center & U. AR Division of Agriculture)

Secured Lending in the Produce Industry: What Every Bank Should Know (Klinowski, 2009)

The PACA: The Statutory Trust and Its Application to Restaurants (Pittman, 2003)

PACA Roundup: A Review of Recent Cases (Pittman, 2003)

Congressional Research Service Reports

CRS Subject(s):

Farm Commodity Programs

Agricultural Law Bibliography

Introduction   |   Keyword Search   |   Browse Categories

Legal publications on Perishable Agricultural Commodities:

Fruits and Vegetables – Perishable Agricultural Commodities

Reference Resources

Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS)

Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act

File a PACA Claim or Apply for a License
PACA Overview

PACA Trust

Top 10 Contract Issues Causing Confusion in Produce Industry

PACA Frequently Asked Questions
PACA Good Delivery Guidelines

Congressional Resources

Reports on PACA (Government Accountability Office)


PACA Web Guide (McCarron, 2012)

Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act (USDA AMS, 2011)

Federal Law Protects Farmers’ Rights to be Paid for Fruit and Vegetable Contracts (FLAG, 2007)

Preferences, Reclamation, and PACA in One Case: A Three Ring Circus (Nathan, National Association of Credit Management, 2004)

PACA Rights Destroyed by Oral Agreement Extending Payment Terms (Nathan, Nat’l Assoc. of Credit Management, 2004)

Let the Lender Beware: The Perishable Commodities Act (Secured Lender, 2002)

Additional Resources

Perishable Agricultural Commodities Posts (Ag & Food Law Blog)

United Fresh

Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act (USDA AMS, 2013) (YouTube Video)

Produce Law 101: The PACA Trust and How it Works (Meuers Law Firm)